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strip of cortex involved in planning and coordinating movement

sudden, permanent change in a gene

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strip of cortex involved in planning and coordinating movement sudden, permanent change in a gene fatty substance that insulates axons
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fatty substance that insulates axons

cells in the nervous system that act as interconnected information processors, which are essential for all of the tasks of the nervous system

nervous system’s ability to change

chemical messenger of the nervous system

open spaces that are found in the myelin sheath that encases the axon

part of the cerebral cortex associated with visual processing; contains the primary visual cortex

secretes hormones that regulate blood sugar

associated with routine, day-to-day operations of the body

part of the cerebral cortex involved in processing various sensory and perceptual information; contains the primary somatosensory cortex

connects the brain and spinal cord to the muscles, organs and senses in the periphery of the body

individual’s inheritable physical characteristics

secretes a number of key hormones, which regulate fluid levels in the body, and a number of messenger hormones, which direct the activity of other glands in the endocrine system

multiple genes affecting a given trait

hindbrain structure that connects the brain and spinal cord; involved in regulating brain activity during sleep

involves injecting individuals with a mildly radioactive substance and monitoring changes in blood flow to different regions of the brain

area in the frontal lobe responsible for higher-level cognitive functioning

drugs that treat psychiatric symptoms by restoring neurotransmitter balance

asserts our genes set the boundaries within which we can operate, and our environment interacts with the genes to determine where in that range we will fall

protein on the cell surface where neurotransmitters attach

Chapter 3 | Biopsychology 109

recessive allele

resting potential

reticular formation

reuptake

semipermeable membrane

soma

somatic nervous system

somatosensory cortex

substantia nigra

sulcus

sympathetic nervous system

synaptic cleft

synaptic vesicle

temporal lobe

terminal button

thalamus

theory of evolution by natural selection

threshold of excitation

thyroid

ventral tegmental area (VTA)

Wernicke’s area

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