Spirituality in Nursing
Spirituality is essential in nursing as it offers healthcare professionals an opportunity to meet their moral values and personal ethics in an environment of reverence for the human person (Murgia et al,. 202020). Spiritual care provides holistic care and encompasses values, behaviors, and theories that nurses may manifest in their daily activities and interactions with patients, families and other health professionals in their communities.
The spiritual assessment tool allows medical practitioners to assess a patient’s spirituality concisely and professionally. They evaluate individual needs across multiple settings. The FICA is a Spiritual History tool guided by an acronym to help nurses or any health professionals a different question to ask about patients’ spiritual life and any possible impact on their health (Shirazi et al,. 2018). Beginning with inquiries on belief and faith, the benefits of faith and belief to the patient, what impact it has on the community, and how the client would want the doctor to address the spirituality. The FICA tool is more reliable than a patient checklist since it guides dialogue between the provider and the patient. The evidence observed in the assessment can straight treatment and recovery.
Another tool is SDAT. Spiritual distress advances when unmet spiritual desires lead to a disruption in one’s spiritual state. The SDAT Tool aims to disclose unmet spiritual requirements and decides its existence (Younas & Quennell, 2019). Throughout the spiritual assessment, consistent regular questions are inquired and weighed for unmet spiritual desires and the resulting turbulences. If the SDAT ascertains spiritual anguish, it offers a healthcare specialist profound knowledge of the patient. Solid spirituality helps to heal the sickness and enhance their health. Spiritual distress, like little spiritual well-being or religious battles, can be linked with poor health outcomes. Using SDAT as a spiritual assessment tool increases patient satisfaction and comfort.
The HOPE Assessment Tool helps to ascertain individual foundations of Hope and the patients’ practices and spirituality (Kim, 2019). These inquiries lead the medical practitioner from overall ideas to particular submissions by inquiring about patients’ sources of Hope, if the patient is a member of organized religion, practices, and personal spirituality, and the outcome the spirituality may cause on medical care and end-of-life ranges. History indicates that in the past, patient care structures were always holistic, including religious and spiritual care (Puchalski, 2021). It is because caring is an essential element of nursing exercise. Spirituality is a progressing model that has implications for body health and is measured as a health factor. The establishment of spiritual precaution has swayed patients’ dealing with sickness, improved quality of life, and prevented illness. In conclusion, the provision of spiritual care has reduced depression and enhanced overall health rank and recovery.
Kim, J. S. (2019). Review of spiritual distress assessment tools: a literature review. Journal of the Korea Convergence Society, 10(7), 383-390.
Murgia, C., Notarnicola, I., Rocco, G., & Stievano, A. (2020). Spirituality in nursing: A concept analysis. Nursing Ethics, 27(5), 1327-1343.
Puchalski, C. (2021). Spiritual care in health care: Guideline, models, spiritual assessment and the use of the© FICA Spiritual History Tool. In Spiritual needs in research and practice (pp. 27-45). Palgrave Macmillan, Cham.
Shirazi, M., Chari, M., Kahkha, S. J., & Marashi, F. (2018). The role of Hope for the future and psychological hardiness in quality of life among dialysis patients. Jentashapir Journal of Health Research, 9(3).
Younas, A., & Quennell, S. (2019). Usefulness of nursing theory‐guided practice: an integrative review. Scandinavian journal of caring sciences, 33(3), 540-555.