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ADDITIONAL RESOURCES Student and Instructor Resources

We’ve compiled additional resources for both students and instructors, including Getting Started Guides, an instructor solution guide, a test bank, and PowerPoint slides. Instructor resources require a verified instructor account, which you can apply for when you log in or create your account on openstax.org. Take advantage of these resources to supplement your OpenStax book.

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Community Hubs

OpenStax partners with the Institute for the Study of Knowledge Management in Education (ISKME) to offer Community Hubs on OER Commons—a platform for instructors to share community-created resources that support OpenStax books, free of charge. Through our Community Hubs, instructors can upload their own materials or download resources to use in their own courses, including additional ancillaries, teaching material, multimedia, and relevant course content. We encourage instructors to join the hubs for the subjects most relevant to your teaching and research as an opportunity both to enrich your courses and to engage with other faculty.

To reach the Community Hubs, visit www.oercommons.org/hubs/openstax.

Technology partners

As allies in making high-quality learning materials accessible, our technology partners offer optional low- cost tools that are integrated with OpenStax books. To access the technology options for your text, visit your book page on openstax.org.

4 Preface

This OpenStax book is available for free at http://cnx.org/content/col31502/1.4



ABOUT THE AUTHORS Senior contributing authors

Rose M. Spielman (Content Lead) Dr. Rose Spielman has been teaching psychology and working as a licensed clinical psychologist for 20 years. Her academic career has included positions at Quinnipiac University, Housatonic Community College, and Goodwin College. As a licensed clinical psychologist, educator, and volunteer director, Rose is able to connect with people from diverse backgrounds and facilitate treatment, advocacy, and education. In her years of work as a teacher, therapist, and administrator, she has helped thousands of students and clients and taught them to advocate for themselves and move their lives forward to become more productive citizens and family members.

William J. Jenkins, Mercer University Marilyn D. Lovett, Spelman College

Contributing Authors

Mara Aruguete, Lincoln University Laura Bryant, Eastern Gateway Community College Barbara Chappell, Walden University Kathryn Dumper, Bainbridge State College Arlene Lacombe, Saint Joseph’s University Julie Lazzara, Paradise Valley Community College Tammy McClain, West Liberty University Barbara B. Oswald, Miami University Marion Perlmutter, University of Michigan Mark D. Thomas, Albany State University


Patricia G. Adams, Pitt Community College Daniel Bellack, Trident Technical College Christopher M. Bloom, Providence College Jerimy Blowers, Cayuga Community College Salena Brody, Collin College David A. Caicedo, Borough of Manhattan Community College, CUNY Bettina Casad, University of Missouri–St. Louis Sharon Chacon, Northeast Wisconsin Technical College James Corpening Frank Eyetsemitan, Roger Williams University Tamara Ferguson, Utah State University Kathleen Flannery, Saint Anselm College Johnathan Forbey, Ball State University Laura Gaudet, Chadron State College William Goggin, University of Southern Mississippi Jeffery K. Gray, Charleston Southern University Heather Griffiths, Fayetteville State University Mark Holder, University of British Columbia Rita Houge, Des Moines Area Community College Colette Jacquot, Strayer University John Johanson, Winona State University Andrew Johnson, Park University Shaila Khan, Tougaloo College

Preface 5



Cynthia Kreutzer, Georgia State University Perimeter College at Clarkston Campus Carol Laman, Houston Community College Dana C. Leighton, Texas A&M University—Texarkana Thomas Malloy, Rhode Island College Jan Mendoza, Golden West College Christopher Miller, University of Minnesota Lisa Moeller, Beckfield College Amy T. Nusbaum, Heritage University Jody Resko, Queensborough Community College (CUNY) Hugh Riley, Baylor University Juan Salinas, University of Texas at Austin Brittney Schrick, Southern Arkansas University Phoebe Scotland, College of the Rockies Christine Selby, Husson University Sally B. Seraphin, Centre College Brian Sexton, Kean University Nancy Simpson, Trident Technical College Jason M. Smith, Federal Bureau of Prisons – FCC Hazelton Robert Stennett, University of Georgia Jennifer Stevenson, Ursinus College Eric Weiser, Curry College Jay L. Wenger, Harrisburg Area Community College Alan Whitehead, Southern Virginia University Valjean Whitlow, American Public University Rachel Wu, University of California, Riverside Alexandra Zelin, University of Tennessee at Chattanooga

6 Preface

This OpenStax book is available for free at http://cnx.org/content/col31502/1.4



Chapter 1

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