+1 (208) 254-6996 [email protected]
  

Running on Empty 10

after the testing. In addition, the time of day when the respective groups

Don't use plagiarized sources. Get Your Custom Essay on
Running on Empty 10 after the testing. In addition, the time of day when the respective groups took the tests may have influenced the results: those in the 24-hour
Just from $13/Page
Order Essay

took the tests may have influenced the results: those in the 24-hour

group took the tests in the morning and may have been fresher and more

relaxed than those in the 12-hour group, who took the tests at night.

Perhaps, then, the motivation level of food-deprived participants could

be effectively tested. Second, longer-term food deprivation periods, such

as those experienced by people fasting for religious reasons, could be

explored. It is possible that cognitive function fluctuates over the duration

of deprivation. Studies could ask how long a person can remain focused

despite a lack of nutrition. Third, and perhaps most fascinating, studies

could explore how food deprivation affects learned industriousness. As

stated above, one possible explanation for the better perseverance times

in the 24-hour group could be that they spontaneously improved their

perseverance faculties by simply forcing themselves not to eat for 24

hours. Therefore, research could study how food deprivation affects the

acquisition of perseverance.

In conclusion, the results of this study provide some fascinating

insights into the cognitive and physiological effects of skipping meals.

Contrary to what we predicted, a person may indeed be very capable of

concentrating after not eating for many hours. On the other hand, if one

is taking a long test or working long hours at a tedious task that requires

perseverance, one may be hindered by not eating for a short time, as

shown by the 12-hour group’s performance on the perseverance task.

Many people—students, working mothers, and those interested in fasting,

to mention a few—have to deal with short-term food deprivation,

intentional or unintentional. This research and other research to follow

will contribute to knowledge of the disadvantages—and possible

advantages—of skipping meals. The mixed results of this study suggest

that we have much more to learn about short-term food deprivation.

The conclusion

summarizes the

outcomes, stresses the

experiment’s value, and anticipates

further advances on

the topic.

 

 

Running on Empty 11

References

Costa, A. L. (1984). Thinking: How do we know students are getting better

at it? Roeper Review, 6, 197–199.

Crumpton, E., Wine, D. B., & Drenick, E. J. (1966). Starvation: Stress

or satisfaction? Journal of the American Medical Association, 196,

394–396.

D’Agostino, C. A. F. (1996). Testing a social-cognitive model of

achievement motivation.-Dissertation Abstracts International Section

A: Humanities & Social Sciences, 57, 1985.

Eisenberger, R., & Leonard, J. M. (1980). Effects of conceptual task

difficulty on generalized persistence. American Journal of Psychology,

93, 285–298.

Green, M. W., Elliman, N. A., & Rogers, P. J. (1995). Lack of effect of

short-term fasting on cognitive function. Journal of Psychiatric

Research, 29, 245–253.

Green, M. W., Elliman, N. A., & Rogers, P. J. (1996). Hunger, caloric

preloading, and the selective processing of food and body shape

words. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 35, 143–151.

Green, M. W., Elliman, N. A., & Rogers, P. J. (1997). The study effects of

food deprivation and incentive motivation on blood glucose levels

and cognitive function. Psychopharmacology, 134, 88–94.

Hickman, K. L., Stromme, C., & Lippman, L. G. (1998). Learned

industriousness: Replication in principle. Journal of General

Psychology, 125, 213–217.

Keys, A., Brozek, J., Henschel, A., Mickelsen, O., & Taylor, H. L. (1950).

The biology of human starvation (Vol. 2). Minneapolis: University of

Minnesota Press.

Kollar, E. J., Slater, G. R., Palmer, J. O., Docter, R. F., & Mandell, A. J.

(1964). Measurement of stress in fasting man. Archives of General

Psychology, 11, 113–125.

Pinel, J. P. (2000). Biopsychology (4th ed.). Boston: Allyn and Bacon.

All works referred to

in the paper appear on

the reference page, listed

alphabetically by author (or title).

Each entry follows APA

guidelines for listing

authors, dates,

titles, and publishing

information.

Order your essay today and save 10% with the discount code ESSAYHELP