1. Twenty-two-year-old Suzanne has left adolescence, but has not yet assumed the responsibilities of living independently or holding a permanent job. Suzanne is in what period of development?
1. Compared to past generations, today s college students are more likely to
pay for their secondary education without parental assistance.
launch a permanent career prior to graduating.
draw out their education by pursuing it in a nonlinear way.
graduate in less than 4 years.
1. Like about half of 18- to 25-year-olds, Elise has experienced the residential instability of emerging adulthood, which means she will most likely end up
never becoming fully self-sufficient.
returning to her parents home for a brief period after first leaving.
choosing marriage over cohabitation.
dropping out of college.
1. Who among the following emerging adults is most likely to live independently?
David, who comes from a low-SES family
Eugene, who comes from a high-SES family
Sela, who is Native American
Roberta, who is Hispanic
1. The extended moratorium of emerging adulthood in prosperous nations can be partly attributed to
collectivist values, which encourage delayed entry into adulthood.
the high number of students attending college on a part-time basis.
longer-living populations, which have no pressing need for young people’s labor.
a lack of skills and knowledge about the business world.
1. Among all societies, emerging adulthood
is a required phase in the construction of a mature identity.
occurs once couples marry and begin families.
is limited to cultures that postpone entry into adult roles until the twenties.
is considered a biological construction.
1. Emerging adulthood applies to most young people
living in developing nations.
who follow a traditional route to adulthood.
living in industrialized nations.
1. The culture shock that college students experience when they encounter new ideas and beliefs contributes to
increased anxiety, which often leads to depression.
the development of rational and flexible ways of thinking.
acceptance of universal thought and reasoning.
high dropout rates among freshmen.
1. Tarik is a college freshman and Jamal is a senior. Which of the following statements about Tarik and Jamal is true?
Tarik probably engages in relativistic thinking, whereas Jamal probably engages in dualistic thinking.
Jamal is more likely to experience culture shock than Tarik.
Tarik probably engages in dualistic thinking, whereas Jamal probably engages in relativistic thinking.
Both Tarik and Jamal will reach commitment within relativistic thinking by the time they graduate from college.
1. When students tackle challenging, ill-structured problems, interaction
generates fewer good solutions than when students work alone.
among individuals who are roughly equal in authority and knowledge is beneficial.
creates a collective rationality that prevents effective thinking.
with those in authority positions produces the best solutions.
1. Emerging adults who spend much time exploring in breadth without making commitments tend to
rely on their parents for advice about the future.
be as well-adjusted as those who make firm commitments.
rely on their peers as a source of advice about the future.
be poorly adjusted.
1. The trend in emerging adulthood in which close relationships become more complex, expressing a wider array of desired qualities from others and from oneself reflects
a focus on the question With whom would I like to spend time now?
both a more differentiated self-concept and increased experience with close peer bonds.
the widespread trend away from cohabitation and toward traditional marriage.
an avoidance of postformal thought.
1. Andre and Lin have been dating for about a year and are talking about getting married. What two factors will increase the likelihood of Andre and Lin remaining together in a mutually satisfying relationship?
physical attraction and family approval
partner similarity and good communication
opposite personalities, since opposites attract, and financial stability
college completion and religious involvement
1. Early in her career at a public relations firm, Dorinda worked under the supervision of Dana, a senior partner who helped Dorinda learn the values and customs of their unique work setting. Dana fulfilled the role of __________ for Dorinda.
1. Compared to students not engaged in community service, those who volunteer have a ________, or disposition for living in a diverse society.
poor sense of personal agency
strong identity diffusion
stronger pluralistic orientation
simplified level of dualistic thinking
1. During emerging adulthood, the rise in high-risk behaviors can be attributed to
an inability to cope with adult decisions and responsibilities.
a lack of moral values and emotional distance from family members.
cognitive immaturity and egocentrism.
eagerness to try a wide range of experiences before settling down to adult responsibilities.