Chapter 14: The Family
1. In the United States, elementary schools perform the ________ function of the society.
1. The contemporary family assumes for three important functions:
economic support, education, and basic survival needs.
income, religion, and socialization.
reproduction, socialization, and emotional support.
shelter, food, and health care.
1. If Didier and Renelle want to ease the transition to parenthood, which of the following suggestions would be most helpful?
Have children while they are in their early twenties.
Return to work soon after their child s birth.
Postpone childbearing until their late twenties or thirties.
Maintain traditional gender roles.
1. Lydia, a single mother of three school-age boys, lives in a poor, inner-city neighborhood with few outside resources. However, Lydia has a neighbor who often listens to her concerns, gives her advice, and supports her efforts at raising the boys. As a result of this support, Lydia is likely to
become overly involved in her boys lives.
resent her children for being such a financial burden.
ignore her children when the neighbor is around.
interact in a more sensitive and involved manner with her children.
1. Micah has a close relationship with her parents, and even though they monitor her activities and enforce rules, they encourage her to share in the decision making. Micah s parents use the ____________ child-rearing style.
1. Which of the following children is most likely to have parents who use an authoritarian child-rearing style?
Carolyn, who is overly demanding of adults but popular with peers
Gabriel, who is a high achiever with strong leadership skills
Sakura, who is anxious, unhappy, and low in self-esteem and self-reliance
Seth, who is well-adjusted and respectful toward adults
1. John and Marcia never really wanted to have children, so when Tasha was born they did not give her much attention or care. Tasha suffered from poor health and struggled in school, often fighting with her peers. John and Marcia engage in _________ child rearing.
1. Authoritative child rearing seems to create a ___________ context for parental influence.
1. When a child is able to make decisions independently by carefully weighing her own judgment and the suggestions of others to arrive at a well-reasoned course of action, she is competent at the __________ component of autonomy.
1. When mothers reduced their use of coercive discipline, their sons