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The Cognitive Revolution

Artificial Intelligence and Information Theory

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  • Artificial Intelligence
  • “making a machine behave in ways that would be called intelligent if a human were so behaving.” (McCarty et al., 1955)
  • attempts to construct machines that show intelligence
  • revealed that there are many different types of intelligence
  • designed computer chess games that have “intelligence”
  • Newell and Simon created the logic theorist program that could apply rudimentary logic to creating mathematical theorems

Artificial Intelligence and Information Theory

Although the mind / computer analogy was beneficial, it soon became clear that computers and humans do not process information the same

  • When it comes to this problem, 123,456,789 X 987,654,321, the computer has the advantage
  • -When it comes to recognizing a familiar face, humans have the advantage

Modern Research in Cognitive Psychology

  • How research progresses from question to question
  • Start with what is known
  • Ask questions
  • Design experiments
  • Obtain and interpret results
  • Use results as the bases for new research questions and experiments

The Role of Models in Cognitive Psychology

  • There are two kinds of models to be aware of:

Structural Models

Process Models

Structural Models

  • Representations of a physical structure
  • Mimic the form or appearance of a given object

Structural Models

Process Models

  • Represent the processes that are involved in cognitive mechanisms, with boxes usually representing specific processes and arrows indicating connections between processes

Process Models

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