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MINDFULNESS, ANXIETY, AND PSYCHOSIS

 

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Procedures

After getting permission from Bryan G. Werber Psyhiatric Hospital Institutional Review

Board and South Carolina Department of Mental Health Institutional Review Board,

respectively, participants will be chosen with help of treatment team members on each acute

lodge. The patients will then be asked to participate in the study with the knowledge of getting a

credit at the canteen for two items three days a week for the two-week time period the groups are

administered. The participants will be given the informed consent and will be given the option to

participate in the study.

After all consents are signed. The participants will be randomly assigned into either

mindfulness training group, Group A, or standard training group, Group B. The groups will meet

twice a day on Monday-Friday and once a day on Saturday, for a two-week time period.

Group A: Mindfulness Training

This group training was modeled from Chadwick, Hughes, Russell, Russell, and Dagnan

(2009), mindfulness groups and will be conducted by the author of this paper. The groups will

meet twice a day: in the morning, focus will be on the body and the sensations that are a part of

it; and in the afternoon, focus will be on the participants’ psychosis and how to change their

reaction to their internal stimuli. Each group will be 45 minutes in length, with 15 minutes

dedicated to reflection of the content of group. At least one time a week, if weather permits the

groups will be held outside. Homework to continue body scans and observations of senses will

be given to the participants at the end of both groups.

Group B: Standard Training

 

 

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MINDFULNESS, ANXIETY, AND PSYCHOSIS

 

Like Group A, this group will meet twice a day and will continue to focus on the rational

behavior therapy that BPH teaches. This group will continue to be taught by the same clinical

counselor who has facilitated groups there prior to start of this study to maintain consistency

between both lodges.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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MINDFULNESS, ANXIETY, AND PSYCHOSIS

 

Expected Results

Based on prior research, I expect to see some improvement in anxiety as it relates to

psychosis in the individuals that are in Group A. I expect to use a two-way ANOVA analysis in

excel to compare the before and after of STAI with both groups. I will also use ANOVA to

compare before and after BAI results. I also expect to use a t-test to compare CAMS-R from

before and after mindfulness groups are administered. I expect to see a larger decrease in anxiety

with individuals in Group A than in individuals in Group B. I also expect to see an increase in

mindfulness after the groups have been administered than before in participants of Group A. I

expect to see a very small p-value (0.05 or smaller) to support that training in mindfulness does

reduce anxiety in participants in that population so my null hypothesis of no change between

groups in reduction anxiety can be rejected with confidence. I also expect to see that the t-value

for my t-test will be 0.05 or smaller to show significance difference of knowledge of

mindfulness.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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MINDFULNESS, ANXIETY, AND PSYCHOSIS

 

Discussion

Although, this study has not been actively conducted, it is believed it will serve as a great

contribution to the hospital setting. Many patients experiencing psychosis, do not get a holistic

approach to their treatment. The symptoms are treated, but the mind and body are not allowed to

be connected together for better health and well-being in patients. If anxiety is reduced when this

study is actually conducted, another factor that can be added to better enhance future studies is

the amount of time for relapse. If relapse back into the hospital is reduced due to patients’ ability

to use mindfulness training outside of inpatient facilities, it would be a better investment and

could lead to lower costs for insurance companies in the long run. It will also be crucial to try

and include more women and diversity into these future inpatient facilities study. This study can

also be changed for the purpose of not including psychosis and looking into mindfulness training

for other patients who are in psychiatric inpatient facilities.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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References

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Psychology Interventions: A Meta-analysis of Randomized Controlled Studies. BMC

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Carmody J and Baer RA. (2008). Relationships Between Mindfulness Practice and Levels of

Mindfulness, Medical and Psychological Symptoms and Well-being in a Mindfulness-

Based Stress Reduction Program. J Behav Med. 31. 23-33.

Chadwick P, Taylor KN, and Abba N. (2005). Mindfulness groups for people with psychosis.

Behavioral and Cognitive Psychotherapy. 33. 351-359.

Chadwick P, Hughes S, Russell D, Russell I, and Dagnan D. (2009). Mindfulness Groups for

Distressing Voices and Paranoia: A Replication and Randomized Feasibility Trial.

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Davis LW, Strasburger AM, and Brown LF. (2007).

 

 

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Penn DL, Mueser KT, Tarrier N, Gloege A, Cather C, Serrano D, and Otto MW. (2004).

Supportive Therapy for Schizophrenia: Possible Mechanisms and Implications for

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