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Literature Evaluation Table















Summary of Clinical Issue (200-250 words):

Today, obesity is twice as common in teenagers as it was thirty years ago. Statistics classify around 12.7 million adolescents as obese. This figure represents 17% of adolescents (Sanyaolu et al, 2019). These numbers are worrying as they seem to go grow each day and yet they have reached epidemic levels. Among many causes for the growth of these trends are unhealthy lifestyle choices and psychological factors. Adolescents should be taught how to manage their lifestyles and eat much healthier. Parents have a huge role to play when it comes to monitoring and coaching their children on matters of diet and exercise. They also have to try and improve their self-esteem by emphasizing their strengths and trying to improve their weaknesses. Most of the time obesity becomes a lifelong issue that is associated with the risk of other critical conditions such as heart disease and high blood pressure (Sanyaolu et al, 2019). Its association with such diseases is worrying since their prevalence increases with age. This puts obesity as a condition that is a life risk. Both primary and secondary prevention measures are necessary for the numbers to decline. In the meantime, it is necessary to research to further understand the prevalence and risk factors associated with obesity among adolescents in the United States.

PICOT Question:

Why is the prevalence of obesity among adolescents in the United States high and what causes the rise in these numbers?




P = Adolescent children between the age of 12-18 years of age.

I = Use of data based on weight, age, sex, and other lifestyle habits.

C = Prevalence of obesity ten years before our current research

O = Realize the current trends and prevalence of obesity to help the health care system.

T= Last five years.

Criteria Article 1 Article 2 Article 3
APA-Formatted Article Citation with Permalink Cureau, F., Sparrenberger, K., Bloch, K., Ekelund, U., & Schaan, B. (2018). Associations of multiple unhealthy lifestyle behaviors with overweight/obesity and abdominal obesity among Brazilian adolescents: A country-wide surveyNutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases28(7), 765–774. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.numecd.2018.04.012 Yang, L., Bovet, P., Ma, C., Zhao, M., Liang, Y., & Xi, B. (2018). Prevalence of underweight and overweight among young adolescents aged 12–15 years in 58 low-income and middle-income countries. Pediatric Obesity14(3), e12468. https://doi.org/10.1111/ijpo.12468


Ahmad, A., Zulaily, N., Shahril, M. R., Syed Abdullah, E. F. H., & Ahmed, A. (2018). Association between socioeconomic status and obesity among 12-year-old Malaysian adolescentsPLOS ONE13(7), e0200577. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0200577


How Does the Article Relate to the PICOT Question? The report analyzes the prevalence of obesity in Brazil while relating it to unhealthy lifestyle habits as the main cause of obesity. The study sought to analyze the causes of obesity in different countries while at the same time analyzing its prevalence. The study seeks to look into one of the factors that affect the prevalence of obesity which gives rise to the current trends observed.
Quantitative, Qualitative (How do you know?) Quantitative research- it was a cross-sectional study that took measurements for various factors influencing obesity. Quantitative research- the research relied on data from previous surveys that researched obesity among adolescents from the Global School-based student survey. Quantitative research- there was a cross-sectional study that took measurements from the participants.
Purpose Statement To investigate the association of unhealthy lifestyle habits with obesity among adolescents. The study aims to give a current report on the prevalence of underweight, overweight, and obesity trends among adolescents. To determine how socioeconomic factors influence the prevalence of obesity in adolescents in the Terengganu area.
Research Question How does lifestyle habits influence obesity development and body weight? The coexistence between overweight and underweight brings challenges in the health care system and their prevalence needs to be known to be well catered and monitored. What is the relationship between socioeconomic factors and obesity among adolescents?
Outcome The article identifies the following themes;

· The unhealthy lifestyle habits of participants.

· Obesity development based on physical inactivity

· The age and sex of the participants.

The following themes were identified in the study

· The WHO obesity criteria for low and middle-income countries.

· Prevalence is based on countries and regions.

· The causes of obesity among adolescents.

The study identified the following themes for the study;

· The BMI status between boys and girls.

· Education status of the children

· Occupational status of the parents.


(Where did the study take place?)

A country-wide survey in Brazil 58 low income and middle-income countries. Government primary schools in Kuala, Terengganu and Besut District in Malaysia.
Sample 62063 school going students. 177,325 adolescents aged 12-15 years. 3798 school adolescents.
Method A cross-sectional study based on self-reports by students about their physical inactivity, fiber intake, and other factors. Analysis from the Global School-based student survey. Cross-sectional analysis of collected data about height, weight, and age collected through school surveys.
Key Findings of the Study There was found to be a synergetic

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