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Our travelers’ first day’s journey was very pleasant; they were elated with the prospect of possessing more riches than were to be found in Europe, Asia, and Africa together. Candide, in amorous transports, cut the name of Cunégonde on almost every tree he came to. On the second day, however, two of their sheep sunk in a morass and were swallowed up with all they carried; two more died of fatigue; some few days afterwards seven or eight perished with hunger in a desert, and others, at different times, tumbled down precipices or were otherwise lost, so that, after traveling about a hundred days they had only two sheep left of the hundred and two they brought with them from El Dorado.

Said Candide to Cacambo, AYou see, my dear friend, how perishable the riches of this world are; there is nothing solid but [email protected]

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AVery true,@ said Cacambo, Abut we have still two sheep remaining, with more treasure than ever the King of Spain will be possessed of; and I spy a town at a distance, which I take to be Surinam, a town belonging to the Dutch. We are now at the end of our troubles and at the beginning of our [email protected]

As they drew near the town they saw a black man stretched on the ground with only one half of what he wore, which was a kind of linen frock; for the poor man had lost his left leg and his right hand.

AGood God,@ said Candide in Dutch, Awhat are you doing here, friend, in this deplorable [email protected]

AI am waiting for my master, Mynheer Vanderdendur, the famous trader,@ answered the black man.

AWas it Mynheer Vanderdendur that used you in this cruel [email protected]

AYes, sir,@ said the black man; Ait is the custom here. They give a linen garment twice a year, and that is all our covering. When we labor in the sugar works, and the mill happens to snatch hold of a finger, they instantly chop off our hand; and when we attempt to run away, they cut off a leg. Both these things have happened to me, and it is at this expense that you eat sugar in Europe. And yet when my mother sold me for ten Patagonian dollars on the coast of Guinea, she said to me, >My dear child, bless our priests; adore them forever; they will make you live happy; you have the honor to be a slave to our lords the whites, by which you will make the fortune of us, your parents.=

AAlas! I know not whether I have made their fortunes; but they have not made mine; dogs, monkeys, and parrots are a thousand times less wretched than I. The Dutch priests who converted me tell me every Sunday that blacks and whites are all children of one father, whom they call Adam. As for me, I do not understand anything of genealogies; but if what these preachers say is true, we are all second cousins; and you must allow that it is impossible to be worse treated by our relations than we [email protected]

AO [email protected] cried out Candide, Asuch horrid doings never entered thy imagination. Here is the end of the matter. I find myself, after all, obliged to renounce your [email protected] AOptimism,@ said Cacambo, Awhat is [email protected]

[email protected] replied Candide, Ait is the obstinacy of maintaining that everything is best when it is [email protected]

And so saying he turned his eyes towards the poor black and shed a flood of tears; and in this weeping mood he entered the town of Surinam.

Immediately upon their arrival, our travelers inquired if there was any vessel in the harbor which they might send to Buenos Aires. The person they addressed themselves to happened to be the master of a Spanish bark, who offered to agree with them on moderate terms, and appointed them a meeting at a public house. There Candide and his faithful Cacambo went to wait for him, taking with them their two sheep.

Candide, who was all frankness and sincerity, made an ingenuous recital of his adventures to the Spaniard, declaring to him at the same time his resolution of carrying off Cunégonde from the Governor of Buenos Aires.

AOh, [email protected] said the shipmaster, Aif that is the case, get whom you please to carry you to Buenos

Aires; for my part, I wash my hands of the affair. It would prove a hanging matter to us all. The fair Cunégonde is the Governor’s favorite [email protected]

These words were like a clap of thunder to Candide; he wept bitterly for a long time, and, taking Cacambo aside, he said to him, AI’ll tell you, my dear friend, what you must do. We have each of us in our pockets to the value of five or six millions in diamonds; you are cleverer at these matters than I; you must go to Buenos Aires and bring off Cunégonde. If the Governor makes any difficulty give him a million; if he holds out, give him two; as you have not killed an Inquisitor, they will have no suspicion of you. I’ll fit out another ship and go to Venice, where I will wait for you. Venice is a free country, where we shall have nothing to fear from Bulgarians, Abares, Jews or [email protected]

Cacambo greatly applauded this wise resolution. He was inconsolable at the thoughts of parting with so good a master, who treated him more like an intimate friend than a servant; but the pleasure of being able to do him a service soon got the better of his sorrow. They embraced each other with a flood of tears. Candide charged him not to forget the old woman. Cacambo set out the same day. This Cacambo was a very honest fellow.

Candide continued some days longer at Surinam, waiting for any captain to carry him and his two remaining sheep to Italy. He hired domestic servants and purchased many things necessary for a long voyage; at length Mynheer Vanderdendur, skipper of a large Dutch vessel, came and offered his service.

AWhat will you have,@ said Candide, Ato carry me, my servants, my baggage, and these two sheep you see here, directly to [email protected]

The skipper asked ten thousand piastres, and Candide agreed to his demand without hestitation.

AHo, [email protected] said the cunning Vanderdendur to himself, Athis stranger must be very rich; he agrees to give me ten thousand piastres without [email protected]

Returning a little while after, he told Candide that upon second consideration he could not undertake the voyage for less than twenty thousand.

AVery well; you shall have them,@ said Candide.

[email protected] said the skipper to himself, Athis man agrees to pay twenty thousand piastres with as much ease as [email protected]

Accordingly he went back again, and told him roundly that he would not carry him to Venice for less than thirty thousand piastres.

AThen you shall have thirty thousand,@ said Candide.

AOh [email protected] said the Dutchman once more to himself, Athirty thousand piastres seem a trifle to this man. Those sheep must certainly be laden with an immense treasure. I’ll stop here and ask no more; but make him pay down the thirty thousand piastres, and then we may see what is to be done [email protected]

Candide sold two small diamonds, the least of which was worth more than all the skipper asked. He paid him beforehand, the two sheep were put on board, and Candide followed in a small boat to join the vessel where it was anchored. The skipper took advantage of his opportunity, hoisted sail, and put out to sea with a favorable wind. Candide, confounded and amazed, soon lost sight of the ship. [email protected] said he, Athis is a trick like those in our old [email protected]

He returned back to the shore overwhelmed with grief; and, indeed, he had lost what would have made the fortune of twenty monarchs.

Straightway upon his landing he applied to the Dutch magistrate; being transported with passion he pounded at the door, which being opened, he went in, told his case, and talked louder than necessary. The magistrate began with fining him ten thousand piastres for petulance and then listened very patiently to what he had to say, promised to examine into the affair on the skipper’s return, and ordered him to pay ten thousand piastres more for the fees of the court.

This treatment put Candide out of all patience; it is true, he had suffered misfortunes a thousand times more grievous, but the cool insolence of the judge, and the villainy of the skipper raised his choler and threw him into a deep melancholy. The villainy of mankind presented itself to his mind in all its deformity, and his soul was a prey to the most gloomy ideas. After some time, hearing that the captain of a French ship was ready to set sail for Bordeaux, as he had no more sheep loaded with diamonds to put on board, he hired the cabin at the usual price; and made it known in the town that he would pay the passage and board of any honest man who would give him his company during the voyage, besides making him a present of ten thousand piastres. There was one condition: that the person be the most dissatisfied with his condition and the most unfortunate in the whole province.

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