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INDIVIDUAL BEHAVIOR, PERSONALITY, AND VALUES

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MHR 3020: ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOR

Ruben Delgado, Ph.D., SPHR, SHRM-SCP, CCP, CPLP, CLRP

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LEARNING OBJECTIVES

Upon completion of this lecture/discussion, you will be able to: • Define behavior, personality, and values. • List and describe the four elements of the MARS Model.

• Identify and describe 5 types of individual behavior. • Describe the Schwartz Values Model. • Describe how personality and values affect individual behavior.

 

 

MARS MODEL OF INDIVIDUAL BEHAVIOR

Individual behavior and results (BAR)

Individual behavior and results (BAR)

Situational factors

Situational factors

Personality

Values

Self-concept

Perceptions

Emotions & attitudes

Stress

Personality

Values

Self-concept

Perceptions

Emotions & attitudes

Stress Role perceptions

Role perceptions

MotivationMotivation

AbilityAbility

 

 

TYPES OF INDIVIDUAL BEHAVIOR

Task Performance

Organizational Citizenship Behaviors (OCBs)

Counterproductive Work Behaviors

Joining and Staying in Organizations

Maintaining Work Attendance

 

 

PERSONALITY IN ORGANIZATIONS

Personality – relatively enduring patterns of thoughts, emotions, and behaviors that characterize a person, along with the psychological processes behind those characteristics.

• external traits • internal states

 

 

NATURE vs NURTURE OF PERSONALITY

Influenced by nature • Heredity explains about 50 percent of behavioral tendencies

Influenced by nurture • Socialization, learning

Personality stabilizes in young adulthood • Self-concept gets clearer, more stable with age • Executive function regulates behavior • But some traits change throughout life

 

 

FIVE-FACTOR PERSONALITY MODEL (CANOE)

conscientiousness agreeableness

neuroticism open to experience

extraversion

 

 

FIVE-FACTOR PERSONALITY AND INDIVIDUAL BEHAVIOR

 

 

JUNGIAN PERSONALITY THEORY

Swiss psychiatrist Carl Jung Model includes preferences for perceiving the environment and obtaining and processing information Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI)

• Measures Jungian types • Most widely used personality test in business • Good for self-awareness and other awareness • Poor predictor of performance, leadership, team development

 

 

JUNGIAN & MYERS-BRIGGS TYPES

 

 

VALUES IN THE WORKPLACE

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