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unning head: GRAND PROPOSAL 1


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Grand proposal
















Mental health issues affect one in every five women during their perinatal period, the first year of postpartum, and during pregnancy. It affects at least 800,000 women of the 4 million women who give birth each year in the United States (Agnafors et al., 2019). When left untreated, the illness can negatively affect the child, parents, family, and society. Fortunately, most maternal mental health issues are temporary and treatable. In recent years, perinatal mental health has been a major area of concern, with investments in new specialized mental health facilities in several high-income nations and inpatient psychiatric mother and infant units in various settings. The paper will focus on a community-level model focusing on the issue of female mental health during and after pregnancy.

Mental or psychological health problems are among the most prevalent pregnancy-related morbidities. They play a significant role in maternal morbidity and mortality and unfavorable neonatal, baby, and child outcomes. Community-level research on prenatal mental disorders impacting women is limited. Little is known about the complete spectrum of perinatal mental problems, how to enhance treatment availability for women with psychosocial challenges, and the efficacy of various service delivery strategies.

Abdollahi, Lye & Zarghami (2016) note that healthcare providers need to help women make informed choices regarding treatment for their maternal mental health issues based on postpartum theories such as biological, psychosocial, and evolutionary theories. Howard & Khalifeh (2020) analyzed the perinatal mental health issue, noting a need for psychiatric services to be included in preconception care and additional investments into public health interventions. The paper will build on the community health model focusing on mental during and after pregnancy and how pregnant women and new mothers can benefit from this model. The community model aims at providing pregnant women and new mothers with mental health solutions at the community level, some of which include support groups.























Abdollahi, F., Lye, M. S., & Zarghami, M. (2016). Perspective of Postpartum Depression Theories: A Narrative Literature Review. North American journal of medical sciences8(6), 232–236. https://doi.org/10.4103/1947-2714.185027

Agnafors, S., Bladh, M., Svedin, C. G., & Sydsjö, G. (2019). Mental health in young mothers, single mothers and their children. BMC Psychiatry 19, 112 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12888-019-2082-y

Howard, L. M., & Khalifeh, H. (2020). Perinatal mental health: a review of progress and challenges. World psychiatry : official journal of the World Psychiatric Association (WPA)19(3), 313–327. https://doi.org/10.1002/wps.20769

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