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I need you to fix it re write it Health Maintenance plan When one…

I need you to fix it re write it Health Maintenance plan When one has asthma, the airways get narrowed and swollen, and as a result, the individual generates more mucus. As a result, coughing, whistling sounds (wheezing) when exhaling, and shortness of breath can occur. Asthma might be a minor inconvenience for some people. On the other hand, others may find it a severe issue that hampers their day-to-day activities or even triggers an asthma attack that might be fatal. There is no cure for asthma, but the symptoms can be managed (Nursing Care Plan Examples – Free Care Plans List – Nurseslabs, 2018). The signs and symptoms of asthma can change over time, so working with a physician to keep tabs on the condition and make any medication adjustments is critical. There are numerous common causes of asthma, such as allergens, extreme cold, physical activity, strong scents, and medicines. An allergic response with bronchospasm happens whenever a trigger is presented to an individual. Coughing, wheezing, shortness of breath, and mucus formation are all signs of this chronic inflammatory condition. Nursing Care Plans In order to prevent hypersensitive reactions, retain airway patency, manage allergens, and avoid the occurrence of irreversible effects, asthma’s nursing care plan concentrates on these aims. There are a variety of nursing diagnoses and treatment options, including the following: 1. Ineffective Breathing Pattern 2. Ineffective Airway Clearance 3. Deficient Knowledge 4. Anxiety 5. Activity Intolerance 6. Health-Seeking Behaviors: Asthma Attack Prevention 7. Family Processes That Have Been Interrupted 8. Fatigue Ineffective Breathing Pattern Nursing Diagnosis Related Factors Below are the most common linked factors of Ineffective Breathing Patterns under nursing diagnosis: • Asthma, allergies, and infections can cause the bronchial tubes to swell and contract. Defining Characteristics • Cues that can be used in the “as evidenced by” section of any diagnostic statement, such as common assessment cues • CoughCyanosis • Dyspnea • Absence of awareness • Prolonged expiration with a flare of the nostrils • Changes in the depth of the lungs • Tachypnea • Activation of the auxiliary muscles Desired Outcomes In order to achieve these aims, the patient must be able to relax his or her breaths, maintain a trend or normal respiratory rate, and not experience breathlessness. Nursing Interventions and Rationales Nursing Interventions Nursing Assessment Rationale While the patient is in distress, take any necessary vital signs measurements. The BP, RR, and HR all rise in the early hypercapnia and hypoxia. If the condition progresses to severity, heart rate and blood pressure decline, resulting to a respiratory failure. Examine the breathing depth, rate, and pattern. A detection of early signs of respiratory distress is possible from the changes in the breathing rhythm and rate of the patient. Find out how anxious the client is. As a result of struggling to breathe, one may feel anxious. Take note of any abnormalities in the patient’s breathing, including any wheezes or stridor that might be present. It is possible that the patient’s condition is worsening or that other issues are emerging, such as pneumonia. Bronchospasm is the condition that causes wheezing and other respiratory symptoms. The onset of respiratory failure is signaled by the onset of lessening wheezing and more muddled breath sounds. Examine the connection between inspiration and expiration. Reactive airways make it easier for air to enter the lungs than to exit them. If the patient is struggling to breathe, breathing instruction is required. Assess dyspnea symptoms These symptoms point to a problem with the lungs. The breathing patterns or rhythm alters once the air movement in and out of the lungs gets tough. Diagnosis of dyspnea during discussion. An indication of breathing difficulties is dyspnea during a typical discussion. Examine for signs of weariness. Respiratory failure can result from exhaustion. Check for a paradoxical pulse of at least 12 mm Hg. An excessively significant drop in pulse wave amplitude and systolic blood pressure occurs during inhalation in patients with paradoxical pulses. The average pressure drop is less than ten millimeters of mercury. A 12 mm Hg paradoxical pulse or larger implies a substantial airflow restriction. Evaluate the oxygen saturation and monitor. The percentage of oxygen-saturated hemoglobin in relation total hemoglobin in the blood is “oxygen saturation.” Oxygen saturation is normal at 95-100%. Monitor the respiratory therapist’s measurements of peaked expiratory flow rates and forced expiratory volume. These measures can be tracked systematically to identify the severity of the exacerbation. The maximum flow rate that could be produced during a forced expiratory maneuver with fully extended lungs is known as the peak expiratory flow rate. It’s measured in liters per second and requires a lot of work. Spirometry’s forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) measurement, when conducted correctly, is a good predictor of airway blockage since it correlates well with the FEV1 value. Monitor arterial blood gasses (ABG). Clients may acquire respiratory alkalosis in the event of asthma attack that could be either mild to moderate. Hypoxia promotes increased respiratory depth and rate, and the evacuation of carbon dioxide. Respiratory acidosis necessitates immediate attention as a potentially life-threatening sign of respiratory collapse. Therapeutic interventions Schedule relaxation breaks in between activities. Increased exhaustion is a common side effect of an inadequate breathing pattern’s increased work of breathing. Metabolic rate and oxygen consumption rise with physical exertion. Keep the pillow just below the bed’s head This makes breathing easier as the patient will have maximum lung expansion. Advice the patient to breathe and exhale with the lips pursed. As new air enters the lungs as old air is expelled, breathing patterns get better with pursed-lip breathing.

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