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Department of the Treasury Internal Revenue Service

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Publication 972 Cat. No. 26584R — OMB No. 1545-0074

Child Tax Credit and Credit for Other Dependents For use in preparing 2020 Returns

Get forms and other information faster and easier at: • IRS.gov (English) • IRS.gov/Spanish (Español) • IRS.gov/Chinese (中文)

• IRS.gov/Korean (한국어) • IRS.gov/Russian (Pусский) • IRS.gov/Vietnamese (TiếngViệt)

Future Developments For the latest information about developments related to Pub. 972, such as legislation enacted after it was published, go to IRS.gov/Pub972.

What’s New Election to use 2019 earned income to figure 2020 additional child tax credit. Recent legislation provided an election to use your 2019 earned income to figure your 2020 additional child tax credit. For more information, see the Instructions for Form 8812.

Reminders Abbreviations used throughout this publication. The following abbreviations will be used in this publication when appropriate.

• ACTC means additional child tax credit. • ATIN means adoption taxpayer identification number. • CTC means child tax credit. • ITIN means individual taxpayer identification number. • ODC means credit for other dependents. • SSN means social security number. • TIN means taxpayer identification number.

Other abbreviations may be used in this publication and will be defined as needed. Delayed refund for returns claiming the EIC or ACTC. The IRS cannot issue refunds before mid-February 2021 for returns that properly claim the earned income credit (EIC) or the ACTC. This time frame applies to the entire refund, not just the portion associated with these credits. Photographs of missing children. The Internal Reve- nue Service is a proud partner with the National Center for Missing & Exploited Children® (NCMEC). Photographs of missing children selected by the Center may appear in this publication on pages that would otherwise be blank. You can help bring these children home by looking at the photographs and calling 1-800-THE-LOST (1-800-843-5678) or visiting www.missingkids.org if you recognize a child.

Introduction This publication has worksheets for figuring the CTC and ODC. It also has a worksheet for figuring earned income. These worksheets are intended primarily for individuals sent to this publication by the instructions to Form 1040, 1040-SR, or 1040-NR, or Schedule 8812. Anyone can choose to use the worksheets in this publication, but most

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individuals can use a simpler worksheet in their tax return instructions. If you were sent here from your Instructions for Forms 1040 and 1040-SR, or your Instructions for Form 1040-NR. Start with the Child Tax Credit and Credit for Other Dependents Worksheet later in this publi- cation. If you were sent here from your Instructions for Schedule 8812. Complete the Earned Income Work- sheet later in this publication. You only need to complete the other worksheets in this publication if you also were sent here from the Instructions for Forms 1040 and 1040-SR, or the Instructions for Form 1040-NR. (If you are required to use this worksheet to figure earned income, be sure to follow the special instructions under the asterisk in the worksheet about attaching a Schedule SE to your re- turn if those instructions apply to you.) If you have not read your Instructions for Forms 1040 and 1040-SR, or your Instructions for Form 1040-NR. Read the explanation of who must use this publication next. If you find that you are not required to use this publication to figure your CTC and ODC, you can use the simpler worksheet in the Instructions for Forms 1040 and 1040-SR, or the Instructions for Form 1040-NR, to figure these credits. Who must use this publication. If you answer “Yes” to either of the following questions, you must use this publi- cation to figure your CTC and ODC.

1. Are you excluding income from Puerto Rico or filing any of the following forms? a. Form 2555 (relating to foreign earned income). b. Form 4563 (exclusion of income for residents of

American Samoa). 2. Are you claiming any of the following credits?

a. Mortgage interest credit, Form 8396. b. Adoption credit, Form 8839. c. Residential energy efficient property credit, Form

5695, Part I. d. District of Columbia first-time homebuyer credit,

Form 8859. Comments and suggestions. We welcome your com- ments about this publication and your suggestions for fu- ture editions.

You can send us comments through IRS.gov/ FormComments. Or, you can write to: Internal Revenue Service, Tax Forms and Publications, 1111 Constitution Ave. NW, IR-6526, Washington, DC 20224.

Although we can’t respond individually to each com- ment received, we do appreciate your feedback and will consider your comments as we revise our tax forms, in- structions, and publications. We can’t answer tax ques- tions sent to the above address.

Tax questions. If you have a tax question not an- swered by this publication or the How To Get Tax Help section at the end of this publication, go to the IRS Inter- active Tax Assistant page at IRS.gov/Help/ITA where you can find topics using the search feature or by viewing the categories listed.

Getting tax forms, instructions, and publications. Visit IRS.gov/Forms to download current and prior-year forms, instructions, and publications.

Ordering tax forms, instructions, and publications. Go to IRS.gov/OrderForms to order current forms, instruc- tions, and publications; call 800-829-3676 to order prior-year forms and instructions. Your order should arrive within 10 business days.

Taxpayer Identification Number Requirements You must have a TIN by the due date of your return. If you, or your spouse if filing jointly, do not have an SSN or ITIN issued on or before the due date of your 2020 re- turn (including extensions), you cannot claim the CTC, ODC, or ACTC on either your original or an amended 2020 return.

If you apply for an ITIN on or before the due date of your 2020 return (including extensions) and the IRS is- sues you an ITIN as a result of the application, the IRS will consider your ITIN as issued on or before the due date of your return. Each qualifying child you use for the CTC or ACTC must have the required SSN. If you have a qualifying child who does not have the required SSN, you cannot use the child to claim the CTC or ACTC on either your original or an amended 2020 return. The required SSN is one that is valid for employment and is issued before the due date of your 2020 return (including extensions).

If your qualifying child does not have the required SSN, but has another type of taxpayer identification number is- sued on or before the due date of your 2020 return (in- cluding extensions), you may be able to claim the ODC for that child. See Credit for Other Dependents (ODC), later. Each dependent you use for the ODC must have a TIN by the due date of your return. If you have a de- pendent who does not have an SSN, ITIN, or ATIN issued on or before the due date of your 2020 return (including extensions), you cannot use that dependent to claim the ODC on either your original or an amended 2020 return.

If you apply for an ITIN or ATIN for the dependent on or before the due date of your 2020 return (including exten- sions) and the IRS issues the ITIN or ATIN as a result of the application, the IRS will consider the ITIN or ATIN as issued on or before the due date of your return.

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Improper Claims If you erroneously claim the CTC, ODC, or ACTC even though you are not eligible for the credit, and it is later determined that your error was due to reckless or intentional disregard of the CTC, ODC, or ACTC rules, you will not be allowed to claim any of these credits for 2 years. If it is determined that your error was due to fraud, you will not be allowed to claim any of these credits for 10 years. You may also have to pay penalties. Form 8862 may be required. If your CTC, ODC, or ACTC for a year after 2015 was denied or reduced for any reason other than a math or clerical error, you must attach Form 8862 to your tax return to claim the CTC, ACTC, or ODC unless an exception applies. See Form 8862, Infor- mation to Claim Certain Credits After Disallowance, and its instructions for more information, including whether an exception applies.

Child Tax Credit (CTC) This credit is for individuals who claim a child as a de- pendent if the child meets additional conditions (descri- bed later). It is in addition to the credit for child and de- pendent care expenses (on Schedule 3 (Form 1040), line 2, and the earned income credit (on Form 1040 or 1040-SR, line 27)).

The maximum amount you can claim for the credit is $2,000 for each child who qualifies you for the CTC. But, see Limits on the CTC and ODC, later.

For more information about claiming the CTC, see Claiming the CTC and ODC, later.

Qualifying Child for the CTC A child qualifies you for the CTC if the child meets all of the following conditions.

1. The child is your son, daughter, stepchild, eligible fos- ter child, brother, sister, stepbrother, stepsister, half brother, half sister, or a descendant of any of them (for example, your grandchild, niece, or nephew).

2. The child was under age 17 at the end of 2020. 3. The child did not provide over half of his or her own

support for 2020. 4. The child lived with you for more than half of 2020

(see Exceptions to time lived with you, later). 5. The child is claimed as a dependent on your return.

See Pub. 501 for more information about claiming someone as a dependent.

6. The child does not file a joint return for the year (or files it only to claim a refund of withheld income tax or estimated tax paid).

7. The child was a U.S. citizen, U.S. national, or U.S. resident alien. For more information, see Pub. 519,

U.S. Tax Guide for Aliens. If the child was adopted, see Adopted child, later.

Example. Your son turned 17 on December 30, 2020. He is a citizen of the United States and you claimed him as a dependent on your return. You cannot use him to claim the CTC because he was not under age 17 at the end of 2020.

If your child is age 17 or older at the end of 2020, see Credit for Other Dependents (ODC), later.

Adopted child. An adopted child is always treated as your own child. An adopted child includes a child lawfully placed with you for legal adoption.

If you are a U.S. citizen or U.S. national and your adop- ted child lived with you all year as a member of your household in 2020, that child meets condition (7), earlier, to be a qualifying child for the CTC (or condition (3), later, to be a qualifying person for the ODC). Exceptions to time lived with you. A child is consid- ered to have lived with you for more than half of 2020 if the child was born or died in 2020 and your home was this child’s home for more than half the time he or she was alive. Temporary absences by you or the child for special circumstances, such as school, vacation, business, medi- cal care, military service, or detention in a juvenile facility, count as time the child lived with you.

There are also exceptions for kidnapped children and children of divorced or separated parents. For details, see your tax return instructions for column (4) of the section on Dependents. Qualifying child of more than one person. Special rules apply if a child is the qualifying child of more than one person. For details, see your tax return instructions for column (4) of the section on Dependents, and Pub. 501.

Required SSN In addition to being a qualifying child for the CTC (defined earlier), your child must have the required SSN. The re- quired SSN is one that is valid for employment and is is- sued by the Social Security Administration before the due date of your 2020 return (including extensions).

If your child was a U.S. citizen when the child received the SSN, the SSN is valid for employment. If “Not Valid for Employment” is printed on your child’s social security card and your child’s immigration status has changed so that your child is now a U.S. citizen or permanent resident, ask the SSA for a new social security card without the legend. However, if “Valid for Work Only With DHS Authorization” is printed on your child’s social security card, your child has the required SSN only as long as the DHS authoriza- tion is valid.

If your dependent child was born and died in 2020 and you do not have an SSN for the child, enter “Died” in col- umn (2) of the Dependents section of your tax return and include a copy of the child’s birth certificate, death

TIP

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certificate, or hospital records. The document must show the child was born alive.

If your child does not have the required SSN, you can- not use the child to claim the CTC (or ACTC) on either your original or amended 2020 tax return.

If your child is a qualifying child for the CTC, but does not have the required SSN, see Credit for Other Dependents (ODC) next.

Credit for Other Dependents (ODC) This credit is for individuals with a dependent who meets additional conditions (described later). This credit is in ad- dition to the credit for child and dependent care expenses (on Schedule 3 (Form 1040), line 2, and the earned in- come credit (on Form 1040 or 1040-SR, line 27)).

The maximum amount you can claim for the credit is $500 for each dependent who qualifies for the ODC. But, see Limits on the CTC and ODC, later.

For more information about claiming the ODC, see Claiming the CTC and ODC, later.

Qualifying Person for the ODC A person qualifies you for the ODC if the person meets all of the following conditions.

1. The person is claimed as a dependent on your return. See Pub. 501 for more information about claiming someone as a dependent.

2. The person cannot be used by you to claim the CTC or ACTC. See Child Tax Credit (CTC), earlier.

3. The person was a U.S. citizen, U.S. national, or U.S. resident alien. For more information, see Pub. 519. If the person is your adopted child, see Adopted child, earlier.

Example. Your 10-year-old nephew lives in Mexico and qualifies as your dependent. He is not a U.S. citizen, U.S. national, or U.S. resident alien. You cannot use him to claim ODC.

You cannot use the same child to claim both the CTC (or ACTC) and ODC.

Timely Issued TIN In addition to being a qualifying person for the ODC (de- fined earlier), the person must have an SSN, ITIN, or ATIN issued to the dependent on or before the due date of your 2020 return (including extensions). If the person has not been issued an SSN, ITIN, or ATIN by that date, you can- not use the person to claim the ODC. For more informa- tion, see Taxpayer Identification Number Requirements, earlier.

TIP

CAUTION !

Limits on the CTC and ODC The maximum credit amount of your CTC or ODC may be reduced if either (1) or (2) applies.

1. The amount on line 18 of your Form 1040, 1040-SR, or Form 1040-NR, is less than the total of both credits. If this amount is zero, you cannot take either credit be- cause there is no tax to reduce. But you may be able to take the ACTC if you are claiming the CTC (you cannot take the ACTC if you are only claiming the ODC). See Additional Child Tax Credit (ACTC), later.

2. Your modified adjusted gross income (AGI) is more than the amount shown below for your filing status. a. Married filing jointly—$400,000. b. All other filing statuses—$200,000.

Modified AGI. For purposes of the CTC and ODC, your modified AGI is your AGI plus the following amounts that may apply to you.

• Any amount excluded from income because of the ex- clusion of income from Puerto Rico. On the dotted line next to Form 1040 or 1040-SR, line 11, enter the amount excluded and identify it as “EPRI.” Also attach a copy of any Form(s) 499R-2/W-2PR to your return.

• Any amount on line 45 or line 50 of Form 2555, For- eign Earned Income.

• Any amount on line 15 of Form 4563, Exclusion of In- come for Bona Fide Residents of American Samoa.

If you do not have any of the above, your modified AGI is the same as your AGI.

AGI. Your AGI is the amount on line 11 of your Form 1040, 1040-SR, or 1040-NR.

Claiming the CTC and ODC To claim the CTC or ODC, be sure you meet the following requirements.

• You must file Form 1040, 1040-SR, or 1040-NR and include the name and TIN of each dependent for whom you are claiming the CTC or ODC.

• You must file Form 8862 if applicable. See Improper Claims, earlier.

• You must enter a timely issued TIN on your tax return for you and your spouse (if filing jointly). See Taxpayer Identification Number Requirements, earlier.

• For each qualifying child under 17 for whom you are claiming the CTC, you must enter the required SSN for the child in column (2) of the Dependents section of your tax return and check the Child tax credit box in column (4). See Child Tax Credit (CTC), earlier.

• For each dependent for whom you are claiming the ODC, you must enter the timely issued TIN for the

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dependent in column (2) of the Dependents section of your tax return and check the Credit for other depend- ents box in column (4). See Credit for Other Depend- ents (ODC), earlier.

Do not check both the Child tax credit box and the Credit for other dependents box for the same per- son.

Earned Income You will need to figure your earned income using the Earned Income Worksheet later in this publication, if you are completing the Line 14 Worksheet, later, or you were sent to Pub. 972 from your Schedule 8812 instructions.

Additional Child Tax Credit (ACTC) This credit is for certain individuals who get less than the full amount of the CTC. The ACTC may give you a refund even if you do not owe any tax.

The ODC cannot be used to figure the ACTC. Only your CTC can be used to figure the ACTC. If you are claiming the ODC but not the CTC, you

cannot claim the ACTC.

Election to use your prior year earned income. You may be able to use your 2019 earned income to figure your ACTC if your 2019 earned income is more than your 2020 earned income. See the Instructions for Form 8812 for more information. Foreign earned income. If you file Form 2555 (relating to foreign earned income), you cannot claim the ACTC. How to claim the additional child tax credit. To claim the ACTC, follow the steps below.

1. Be sure you figured the amount, if any, of your CTC and ODC using the appropriate Child Tax Credit and Credit for Other Dependents Worksheet.

2. If you answered “Yes” on line 11 or line 12 of the Child Tax Credit and Credit for Other Dependents Work- sheet in your Instructions for Forms 1040 and

CAUTION !

CAUTION !

1040-SR or Instructions for Form 1040-NR (or on line 16 of the Child Tax Credit and Credit for Other Dependents Worksheet in this publication) and line 1 of that worksheet is more than zero, use Schedule 8812 to see if you can take the ACTC.

3. If you have an ACTC on line 15 of Schedule 8812, carry it to line 28 of your Form 1040, 1040-SR, or 1040-NR.

4. For each qualifying child under 17 for whom you are claiming the ACTC, be sure to enter the required SSN for the child in column (2) of the Dependents section of your tax return and check the Child tax credit box in column (4).

If the amount on line 1 of your Child Tax Credit and Credit for Other Dependents Worksheet is zero, your ACTC is also zero. You don’t need to

complete Schedule 8812.

Paperwork Reduction Act Notice We ask for the information on the worksheets in this publi- cation to carry out the Internal Revenue laws of the United States. You are required to give us the information if re- quested. We need it to ensure that you are complying with these laws and to allow us to figure and collect the right amount of tax.

You are not required to provide the information reques- ted on a form (or worksheet in this publication) that is sub- ject to the Paperwork Reduction Act unless the form (or publication) displays a valid OMB control number. Books or records relating to a form, its instructions, or this publi- cation must be retained as long as their contents may be- come material in the administration of any Internal Reve- nue law. Generally, tax returns and return information are confidential, as required by section 6103.

The average time and expenses required to complete these worksheets will vary depending on individual cir- cumstances. For the estimated averages, see the instruc- tions for your income tax return.

If you have suggestions for making these worksheets simpler, we would be happy to hear from you. See Com- ments and suggestions, earlier.

TIP

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Child Tax Credit and Credit for Other Dependents Worksheet

Figure the amount of any credits you are claiming on Schedule 3, lines 1 through 4; Form 5695, line 30; Form 8910, line 15; Form 8936, line 23; or Schedule R.

Before you begin:

1. Number of qualifying children under 17 with the required social security number: 1$2,000. Enter the result.

4. Enter the amount from line 11 of your Form 1040, 1040-SR, or 1040-NR. 4

No. STOP

10. Is the amount on line 3 more than the amount on line 9?

Yes. Subtract line 9 from line 3. Enter the result. Go to Part 2 on the next page.

10

5. 1040 and 1040-SR �lers. Enter the total of any— • Exclusion of income from Puerto Rico; and • Amounts from Form 2555, lines 45 and 50, and Form 4563, line 15. 5

1040-NR �lers. Enter -0-.

6. Add lines 4 and 5. Enter the total. 6

7. Enter the amount shown below for your �ling status. • Married �ling jointly—$400,000 • All other �ling statuses—$200,000

7

8. Is the amount on line 6 more than the amount on line 7?

Yes. Subtract line 7 from line 6.

No. Leave line 8 blank. Enter -0- on line 9.

If the result is not a multiple of $1,000, increase it to the next multiple of $1,000. For example, increase $425 to $1,000, increase $1,025 to $2,000, etc.

8

9. Multiply the amount on line 8 by 5% (0.05). Enter the result. 9

Part 1

2. Number of other dependents, including qualifying children who are not under 17 or who do not have the required social security number: 2$500.

Caution: Do not include yourself, your spouse, or anyone who is not a U.S. citizen, U.S. national, or U.S. resident alien. Also, do not include anyone you included on line 1.

3. Add lines 1 and 2.

3

Enter the result.

You cannot take the child tax credit or credit for other dependents on line 19 of your Form 1040, 1040-SR, or 1040-NR. You also cannot take the additional child tax credit on line 28 of your Form 1040, 1040-SR, or 1040-NR. Complete the rest of your Form 1040, 1040-SR, or 1040-NR.

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Child Tax Credit and Credit for Other Dependents Worksheet—Continued

11.

12.

11

12

Enter the amount from line 18 of your Form 1040, 1040-SR, or 1040-NR.

Add the following amounts (if applicable) from:

14. Are you claiming any of the following credits?

• Residential energy ef�cient property credit, Form 5695, Part I.

14

15.

Part 2

16. Is the amount on line 10 of this worksheet more than the amount on line 15?

Yes. Enter the amount from line 15. See the TIP below.

No. Enter the amount from line 10. This is your child tax credit and credit for other dependents.

Enter this amount on Form 1040, line 19; Form 1040-SR, line 19; or Form 1040-NR, line 19.

You may be able to take the additional child tax credit on line 28 of your Form 1040, 1040-SR, or 1040-NR, only if you answered “Yes” on line 16 and line 1 is more than zero.

• First, complete your Form 1040, 1040-SR, or 1040-NR through line 27 (also complete Schedule 3, line 10).

16

Yes. If you are �ling Form 2555, enter -0-. Otherwise, complete the Line 14 Worksheet, later, to �gure the amount to enter here.

No. Enter -0-.

15

Enter the total.

+

TIP

1040-S R

1040-N R

• Mortgage interest credit, Form 8396.

• District of Columbia �rst-time homebuyer credit, Form 8859.

Form 8910, line 15 . . . . . . . . . .

Form 8936, line 23 . . . . . . . . . .

Schedule R, line 22 . . . . . . . . . .

+

+

+

+

+

+

• Adoption credit, Form 8839.

Form 5695, line 30 . . . . . . . . . . +

• Then, use Schedule 8812 to figure any additional child tax credit.

13. Subtract line 12 from line 11. 13

1040

Subtract line 14 from line 13. Enter the result.

Schedule 3, line 1 . . . . . . . . . . . Schedule 3, line 2 . . . . . . . . . . .

Schedule 3, line 3 . . . . . . . . . . .

Schedule 3, line 4 . . . . . . . . . . .

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Line 14 Worksheet

Complete the Earned Income Worksheet, later in this publication.

6.

8.

7

If your employer withheld or you paid Additional Medicare Tax or Tier 1 RRTA taxes, use the Additional Medicare Tax and RRTA Tax Worksheet to �gure the amount to enter; otherwise enter the total of the following amounts from Form(s) W-2.

Enter the total of any— • Amounts from Schedule 1, line 14, and Schedule 2, line 5; and

• Any taxes that you identi�ed using code “UT” and entered on Schedule 2, line 8.

8

9. Add lines 7 and 8. Enter the total. 9

• Social security tax withheld from box 4, and • Medicare tax withheld from box 6.

Use this worksheet only if you answered “Yes” on line 14 of the Child Tax Credit and Credit for Other Dependents Worksheet earlier and are not �ling Form 2555.

Before you begin:

3. 3

Enter your earned income from line 7 of the Earned Income Worksheet.

No. Leave line 4 blank, enter -0- on line 5, and go to line 6.

4. Is the amount on line 3 more than $2,500?

Yes. Subtract $2,500 from the amount on line 3. Enter the result.

5. Multiply the amount on line 4 by 15% (0.15) and enter the result.

On line 2 of this worksheet, is the amount $4,200 or more?

No.

4

5

If married �ling jointly, include your spouse’s amounts with yours when completing lines 7 and 8.

Yes. If line 5 above is equal to or more than line 1 above, leave lines 7 through 10 blank, enter -0- on line 11, and go to line 12. Otherwise, go to line 7.

7.

CAUTION

• If line 2 or line 5 above is zero, enter the amount from line 1 above on line 14 of this worksheet. Do not complete the rest of this worksheet. Instead, go back to the Child Tax Credit and Credit for Other Dependents Worksheet and do the following. Enter -0- on line 14, and complete lines 15 and 16.

• If both line 2 and line 5 are more than zero, leave lines 7 through 10 blank, enter -0- on line 11, and go to line 12.

1040 and 1040-SR �lers. Complete line 27; Schedule 2, line 5; and Schedule 3, line 10 of your return if they apply to you.

1040-NR �lers. Complete Schedule 2, line 5 and Schedule 3, line 10 of your return if they apply to you.

1. Enter the amount from line 10 of the Child Tax Credit and Credit for Other Dependents Worksheet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1

2. 2

TIP: The number of children you use for this line is the same as the number of children you used for line 1 of the Child Tax Credit and Credit for Other Dependents Worksheet.

Number of qualifying children under 17 with the required social security number: × $1,400. Enter the result.

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14.

14

Is the amount on line 13 of this worksheet more than the amount on line 1?

15. Enter the total of the amounts from—

• Form 5695, line 15, and 15

Yes. Enter -0-.

No. Subtract line 13 from line 1. Enter the result.

Next, �gure the amount of any of the following credits that you are claiming.

• Residential energy ef�cient property credit, Form 5695, Part I.

Then, go to line 15.

12. Enter the larger of line 5 or line 11. 12

• Mortgage interest credit, Form 8396.

• Form 8396, line 9, and

11. Subtract line 10 from line 9. If the result is zero or less, enter -0-. 11

• District of Columbia �rst-time homebuyer credit, Form 8859.

• Form 8859, line 3.

• Adoption credit, Form 8839.

• Form 8839, line 16, and

10. 1040 and 1040-SR �lers. Enter the total of the amounts from Form 1040 or 1040-SR, line 27, and Schedule 3, line 10.

10

1040-NR �lers. Enter the amount from Schedule 3, line 10.

13. Enter the smaller of line 2 or line 12. 13

Enter this amount on line 14 of the Child Tax Credit a n d Credit for Other Dependents Worksheet.

Publication 972 (2020) Page 9

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Earned Income Worksheet (for line 3 of the Line 14 Worksheet or line 6a of Schedule 8812, Additional Child Tax Credit) Keep for Your Records Before you begin:

Use this worksheet only if you were sent here from the Line 14 Worksheet earlier in this publication or line 6a of Schedule 8812, Additional Child Tax Credit. Disregard community property laws when figuring the amounts to enter on this worksheet. If married filing jointly, include your spouse’s amounts with yours when completing this worksheet.

CAUTION !

If you elect to use prior year earned income, complete this worksheet using only 2019 amounts, including any amount:

• On line 1b of this worksheet, of nontaxable combat pay received in 2019;• On line 2a of this worksheet, from a 2019 Schedule C-EZ, line 1;• On line 2b of this worksheet, from a 2019 Schedule C-EZ, line 3, or from a Schedule K-1 (Form 1065-B), box 9, code J1,* received in 2019; and

• On line 5 of this worksheet, from a 2019 Schedule 1, line 27, instead of line 14 of that Schedule 1. 1. a. Enter the amount from line 1 of Form 1040 or 1040-SR, or line 1a of Form 1040-NR . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1a.

b. Enter the amount of any nontaxable combat pay received. Also enter this amount on Schedule 8812, line 6b. This amount should be shown in Form(s) W-2, box 12, with code Q . . . . . . . . 1b. Next, if you are filing Schedule C, F, or SE, or you received a Schedule K-1 (Form 1065), go to line 2a. Otherwise, skip lines 2a through 2e and go to line 3.

2. a. Enter any statutory employee income reported on line 1 of Schedule C . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2a. b. Enter any net profit or (loss) from Schedule C, line 31, and Schedule K-1 (Form 1065), box 14,

code A (other than farming). Reduce any Schedule K-1 amounts as described in the instructions for completing Schedule SE in the Partner’s Instructions for Schedule K-1. Do not include on this line any statutory employee income or any other amounts exempt from self-employment tax. Options and commodities dealers must add any gain or subtract any loss (in the normal course of dealing in or trading section 1256 contracts) from section 1256 contracts or related property . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2b.

c. Enter any net farm profit or (loss) from Schedule F, line 34, and from farm partnerships, Schedule K-1 (Form 1065), box 14, code A*. Reduce any Schedule K-1 amounts as described in the instructions for completing Schedule SE in the Partner’s Instructions for Schedule K-1. Do not include on this line any amounts exempt from self-employment tax . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2c.

d. If you used the farm optional method to figure net earnings from self-employment, enter the amount from Schedule SE, line 15. Otherwise, skip this line and enter on line 2e the amount from line 2c . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2d.

e. If line 2c is a profit, enter the smaller of line 2c or line 2d. If line 2c is a (loss), enter the (loss) from line 2c . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2e.

3. Combine lines 1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, and 2e. If zero or less, stop. Do not complete the rest of this worksheet. Instead, enter -0- on line 3 of the Line 14 Worksheet or line 6a of Schedule 8812, whichever applies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.

4. Enter any amount included on line 1a that is: a. A scholarship or fellowship grant not reported on Form W-2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4a. b. For work done while an inmate in a penal institution (enter “PRI” and this amount

on the dotted line next to line 1 of Form 1040 or 1040-SR, or line 1a of Form 1040-NR) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4b.

c. A pension or annuity from a nonqualified deferred compensation plan or a nongovernmental section 457 plan (enter “DFC” and this amount on the dotted line next to line 1 of Form 1040 or 1040-SR, or line 1a of Form 1040-NR). This amount may be shown in box 11 of your Form W-2. If you received such an amount but box 11 is blank, contact your employer for the amount received as a pension or annuity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4c.

d. Enter any amount included on Form 1040 or 1040-SR, line 1, that is a Medicaid waiver payment you exclude from income (see the instructions for Schedule 1, line 8), unless you choose to include this amount in earned income, in which case enter zero . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4d.

5. Enter the amount from Schedule 1 (Form 1040), line 14 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5. 6. Add lines 4a, 4b, 4c, 4d, and 5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6. 7. Subtract line 6 from line 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.

• If you were sent here from the Line 14 Worksheet, enter this amount on line 3 of that worksheet.• If you were sent here from Schedule 8812, enter this amount on line 6a of that form. *If you have any Schedule K-1 amounts and you are not required to file Schedule SE, complete the appropriate line(s) of Schedule SE, Section A. Put your name and social security number on Schedule SE and attach it to your return.

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Additional Medicare Tax and RRTA Tax Worksheet (for line 7 of the Line 14 Worksheet) Keep for Your Records

If your employer withheld or you paid Additional Medicare Tax or Tier 1 RRTA taxes, use this worksheet to figure the amount to enter on line 7 of the Line 14 Worksheet. Social security tax, Medicare tax, and Additional Medicare Tax on wages. 1. Enter the social security tax withheld (Form(s) W-2, box 4) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1. 2. Enter the Medicare tax withheld (Form(s) W-2, box 6). Box 6 includes any Additional Medicare Tax . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2. 3. Enter any amount from Form 8959, line 7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3. 4. Add lines 1, 2, and 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4. 5. Enter the Additional Medicare Tax withheld (Form 8959, line 22) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5. 6. Subtract line 5 from line 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.

Additional Medicare Tax on Self-Employment Income. 7. Enter one-half of the Additional Medicare Tax, if any, on self-employment income (one-half of Form 8959, line 13) . . . . . . . 7.

Tier 1 RRTA taxes as an employee of a railroad (enter amounts on lines 8, 9, 10, and 11) or employee representative (enter amounts on lines 12, 13, 14, and 15). Do not include amounts in Form W-2, box 14, that are identified as Additional Medicare Tax or Tier 2 tax. Do not include amounts shown on Form CT-2 on line 3 for Additional Medicare Tax or line 4 for Tier 2 tax. 8. Enter the Tier 1 tax (Form(s) W-2, box 14) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8. 9. Enter the Medicare tax (Form(s) W-2, box 14) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9. 10. Enter the Additional Medicare Tax, if any, on RRTA compensation as an employee (Form 8959, line 17). Do not use the same

amount from Form 8959, line 17, for both this line and line 14 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10.

11. Add lines 8, 9, and 10 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11. 12. Enter one-half of Tier 1 tax (one-half of Form(s) CT-2, line 1, for all 4 quarters of 2020) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12. 13. Enter one-half of Tier 1 Medicare tax (one-half of Form(s) CT-2, line 2, for all 4 quarters of 2020) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13. 14. Enter one-half of the Additional Medicare Tax, if any, on RRTA compensation as an employee representative (one-half of

Form 8959, line 17). Do not use the same amount from Form 8959, line 17, for both this line and line 10 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14. 15. Add lines 12, 13, and 14 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15.

Line 6 amount 16. Add lines 6, 7, 11, and 15. Enter here and on line 7 of the Line 14 Worksheet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16.

How To Get Tax Help If you have questions about a tax is- sue, need help preparing your tax re- turn, or want to download free publica- tions, forms, or instructions, go to IRS.gov and find resources that can help you right away. Preparing and filing your tax return. After receiving all your wage and earn- ings statements (Form W-2, W-2G, 1099-R, 1099-MISC, 1099-NEC, etc.); unemployment compensation state- ments (by mail or in a digital format) or other government payment statements (Form 1099-G); and interest, dividend, and retirement statements from banks and investment firms (Forms 1099), you have several options to choose from to prepare and file your tax return. You can prepare the tax return your- self, see if you qualify for free tax prep- aration, or hire a tax professional to prepare your return.

Free options for tax preparation. Go to IRS.gov to see your options for preparing and filing your return online or in your local community, if you qual- ify, which include the following.

• Free File. This program lets you prepare and file your federal indi- vidual income tax return for free us- ing brand-name tax-prepara- tion-and-filing software or Free File fillable forms. However, state tax preparation may not be available through Free File. Go to IRS.gov/ FreeFile to see if you qualify for free online federal tax preparation, e-filing, and direct deposit or pay- ment options.

• VITA. The Volunteer Income Tax Assistance (VITA) program offers free tax help to people with low-to-moderate incomes, persons with disabilities, and limited-Eng- lish-speaking taxpayers who need

help preparing their own tax re- turns. Go to IRS.gov/VITA, down- load the free IRS2Go app, or call 800-906-9887 for information on free tax return preparation.

• TCE. The Tax Counseling for the Elderly (TCE) program offers free tax help for all taxpayers, particu- larly those who are 60 years of age and older. TCE volunteers special- ize in answering questions about pensions and retirement-related is- sues unique to seniors. Go to IRS.gov/TCE, download the free IRS2Go app, or call 888-227-7669 for information on free tax return preparation.

• MilTax. Members of the U.S. Armed Forces and qualified veter- ans may use MilTax, a free tax service offered by the Department of Defense through Military One- Source.

Publication 972 (2020) Page 11https://www.irs.govhttps://www.irs.govhttps://www.irs.gov/freefilehttps://www.irs.gov/freefilehttps://www.irs.gov/vitahttps://www.irs.gov/tce

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Also, the IRS offers Free Fillable Forms, which can be completed online and then filed electronically regardless of income.

Using online tools to help prepare your return. Go to IRS.gov/Tools for the following.

• The Earned Income Tax Credit Assistant (IRS.gov/EITCAssistant) determines if you’re eligible for the earned income credit (EIC).

• The Online EIN Application (IRS.gov/EIN) helps you get an employer identification number (EIN).

• The Tax Withholding Estimator (IRS.gov/W4app) makes it easier for everyone to pay the correct amount of tax during the year. The tool is a convenient, online way to check and tailor your withholding. It’s more user-friendly for taxpay- ers, including retirees and self-em- ployed individuals. The features in- clude the following. – Easy to understand language. – The ability to switch between

screens, correct previous en- tries, and skip screens that don’t apply.

– Tips and links to help you deter- mine if you qualify for tax credits and deductions.

– A progress tracker. – A self-employment tax feature. – Automatic calculation of taxable

social security benefits. • The First Time Homebuyer Credit

Account Look-up (IRS.gov/ HomeBuyer) tool provides informa- tion on your repayments and ac- count balance.

• The Sales Tax Deduction Calculator (IRS.gov/SalesTax) fig- ures the amount you can claim if you itemize deductions on Sched- ule A (Form 1040).

Getting answers to your tax questions. On IRS.gov, you can get up-to-date information

on current events and changes in tax law.

• IRS.gov/Help: A variety of tools to help you get answers to some of the most common tax questions.

• IRS.gov/ITA: The Interactive Tax Assistant, a tool that will ask you questions on a number of tax law topics and provide answers.

• IRS.gov/Forms: Find forms, in- structions, and publications. You will find details on 2020 tax changes and hundreds of interac- tive links to help you find answers to your questions.

• You may also be able to access tax law information in your electronic filing software.

Need someone to prepare your tax return? There are various types of tax return preparers, including tax pre- parers, enrolled agents, certified public accountants (CPAs), attorneys, and many others who don’t have professio- nal credentials. If you choose to have someone prepare your tax return, choose that preparer wisely. A paid tax preparer is:

• Primarily responsible for the overall substantive accuracy of your re- turn,

• Required to sign the return, and • Required to include their preparer

tax identification number (PTIN). Although the tax preparer always

signs the return, you’re ultimately re- sponsible for providing all the informa- tion required for the preparer to accu- rately prepare your return. Anyone paid to prepare tax returns for others should have a thorough understanding of tax matters. For more information on how to choose a tax preparer, go to Tips for Choosing a Tax Preparer on IRS.gov. Coronavirus. Go to IRS.gov/ Coronavirus for links to information on the impact of the coronavirus, as well as tax relief available for individuals and families, small and large busi- nesses, and tax-exempt organizations. Tax reform. Tax reform legislation af- fects individuals, businesses, and tax-exempt and government entities. Go to IRS.gov/TaxReform for informa- tion and updates on how this legisla- tion affects your taxes. Employers can register to use Busi- ness Services Online. The Social Security Administration (SSA) offers online service at SSA.gov/employer for

fast, free, and secure online W-2 filing options to CPAs, accountants, enrolled agents, and individuals who process Form W-2, Wage and Tax Statement, and Form W-2c, Corrected Wage and Tax Statement. IRS social media. Go to IRS.gov/ SocialMedia to see the various social media tools the IRS uses to share the latest information on tax changes, scam alerts, initiatives, products, and services. At the IRS, privacy and se- curity are paramount. We use these tools to share public information with you. Don’t post your SSN or other con- fidential information on social media sites. Always protect your identity when using any social networking site.

The following IRS YouTube chan- nels provide short, informative videos on various tax-related topics in English, Spanish, and ASL.

• Youtube.com/irsvideos. • Youtube.com/irsvideosmultilingua. • Youtube.com/irsvideosASL.

Watching IRS videos. The IRS Video portal (IRSVideos.gov) contains video and audio presentations for individuals, small businesses, and tax professio- nals. Online tax information in other lan- guages. You can find information on IRS.gov/MyLanguage if English isn’t your native language. Free interpreter service. Multilingual assistance, provided by the IRS, is available at Taxpayer Assistance Cen- ters (TACs) and other IRS offices. Over-the-phone interpreter service is accessible in more than 350 lan- guages. Getting tax forms and publications. Go to IRS.gov/Forms to view, down- load, or print all of the forms, instruc- tions, and publications you may need. You can also download and view pop- ular tax publications and instructions (including the Instructions for Forms 1040 and 1040-SR) on mobile devices as an eBook at IRS.gov/eBooks. Or you can go to IRS.gov/OrderForms to place an order. Access your online account (indi- vidual taxpayers only). Go to IRS.gov/Account to securely access

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information about your federal tax ac- count.

• View the amount you owe, pay on- line, or set up an online payment agreement.

• Access your tax records online. • Review your payment history. • Go to IRS.gov/SecureAccess to re-

view the required identity authenti- cation process.

Using direct deposit. The fastest way to receive a tax refund is to file electronically and choose direct de- posit, which securely and electronically transfers your refund directly into your financial account. Direct deposit also avoids the possibility that your check could be lost, stolen, or returned unde- liverable to the IRS. Eight in 10 taxpay- ers use direct deposit to receive their refunds. The IRS issues more than 90% of refunds in less than 21 days. Getting a transcript of your return. The quickest way to get a copy of your tax transcript is to go to IRS.gov/ Transcripts. Click on either “Get Tran- script Online” or “Get Transcript by Mail” to order a free copy of your tran- script. If you prefer, you can order your transcript by calling 800-908-9946. Reporting and resolving your tax-related identity theft issues.

• Tax-related identity theft happens when someone steals your per- sonal information to commit tax fraud. Your taxes can be affected if your SSN is used to file a fraudu- lent return or to claim a refund or credit.

• The IRS doesn’t initiate contact with taxpayers by email, text mes- sages, telephone calls, or social media channels to request per- sonal or financial information. This includes requests for personal identification numbers (PINs), passwords, or similar information for credit cards, banks, or other fi- nancial accounts.

• Go to IRS.gov/IdentityTheft, the IRS Identity Theft Central web- page, for information on identity theft and data security protection for taxpayers, tax professionals, and businesses. If your SSN has been lost or stolen or you suspect

you’re a victim of tax-related iden- tity theft, you can learn what steps you should take.

• Get an Identity Protection PIN (IP PIN). IP PINs are six-digit numbers assigned to eligible taxpayers to help prevent the misuse of their SSNs on fraudulent federal income tax returns. When you have an IP PIN, it prevents someone else from filing a tax return with your SSN. To learn more, go to IRS.gov/IPPIN.

Checking on the status of your re- fund.

• Go to IRS.gov/Refunds. • The IRS can’t issue refunds before

mid-February 2021 for returns that claimed the EIC or the additional child tax credit (ACTC). This ap- plies to the entire refund, not just the portion associated with these credits.

• Download the official IRS2Go app to your mobile device to check your refund status.

• Call the automated refund hotline at 800-829-1954.

Making a tax payment. The IRS uses the latest encryption technology to en- sure your electronic payments are safe and secure. You can make electronic payments online, by phone, and from a mobile device using the IRS2Go app. Paying electronically is quick, easy, and faster than mailing in a check or money order. Go to IRS.gov/Payments for information on how to make a pay- ment using any of the following op- tions.

• IRS Direct Pay: Pay your individual tax bill or estimated tax payment directly from your checking or sav- ings account at no cost to you.

• Debit or Credit Card: Choose an approved payment processor to pay online, by phone, or by mobile device.

• Electronic Funds Withdrawal: Of- fered only when filing your federal taxes using tax return preparation software or through a tax profes- sional.

• Electronic Federal Tax Payment System: Best option for busi- nesses. Enrollment is required.

• Check or Money Order: Mail your payment to the address listed on the notice or instructions.

• Cash: You may be able to pay your taxes with cash at a participating retail store.

• Same-Day Wire: You may be able to do same-day wire from your fi- nancial institution. Contact your fi- nancial institution for availability, cost, and cut-off times.

What if I can’t pay now? Go to IRS.gov/Payments for more informa- tion about your options.

• Apply for an online payment agreement (IRS.gov/OPA) to meet your tax obligation in monthly in- stallments if you can’t pay your taxes in full today. Once you com- plete the online process, you will receive immediate notification of whether your agreement has been approved.

• Use the Offer in Compromise Pre- Qualifier to see if you can settle your tax debt for less than the full amount you owe. For more infor- mation on the Offer in Compromise program, go to IRS.gov/OIC.

Filing an amended return. You can now file Form 1040-X electronically with tax filing software to amend 2019 Forms 1040 and 1040-SR. To do so, you must have e-filed your original 2019 return. Amended returns for all prior years must be mailed. See Tips for taxpayers who need to file an amended tax return and go to IRS.gov/ Form1040X for information and up- dates. Checking the status of your amen- ded return. Go to IRS.gov/WMAR to track the status of Form 1040-X amen- ded returns. Please note that it can take up to 3 weeks from the date you filed your amended return for it to show up in our system, and processing it can take up to 16 weeks. Understanding an IRS notice or let- ter you’ve received. Go to IRS.gov/ Notices to find additional information about responding to an IRS notice or letter. Contacting your local IRS office. Keep in mind, many questions can be answered on IRS.gov without visiting

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an IRS Taxpayer Assistance Center (TAC). Go to IRS.gov/LetUsHelp for the topics people ask about most. If you still need help, IRS TACs provide tax help when a tax issue can’t be han- dled online or by phone. All TACs now provide service by appointment, so you’ll know in advance that you can get the service you need without long wait times. Before you visit, go to IRS.gov/ TACLocator to find the nearest TAC and to check hours, available services, and appointment options. Or, on the IRS2Go app, under the Stay Connec- ted tab, choose the Contact Us option and click on “Local Offices.”

The Taxpayer Advocate Service (TAS) Is Here To Help You What Is TAS? TAS is an independent organization within the IRS that helps taxpayers and protects taxpayer rights. Their job is to ensure that every taxpayer is treated fairly and that you know and under- stand your rights under the Taxpayer Bill of Rights.

How Can You Learn About Your Taxpayer Rights? The Taxpayer Bill of Rights describes 10 basic rights that all taxpayers have when dealing with the IRS. Go to TaxpayerAdvocate.IRS.gov to help you

understand what these rights mean to you and how they apply. These are your rights. Know them. Use them.

What Can TAS Do For You? TAS can help you resolve problems that you can’t resolve with the IRS. And their service is free. If you qualify for their assistance, you will be assigned to one advocate who will work with you throughout the process and will do ev- erything possible to resolve your issue. TAS can help you if:

• Your problem is causing financial difficulty for you, your family, or your business;

• You face (or your business is fac- ing) an immediate threat of ad- verse action; or

• You’ve tried repeatedly to contact the IRS but no one has responded, or the IRS hasn’t responded by the date promised.

How Can You Reach TAS? TAS has offices in every state, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico. Your local advocate’s number is in your local directory and at TaxpayerAdvocate.IRS.gov/Contact- Us. You can also call them at 877-777-4778.

How Else Does TAS Help Taxpayers? TAS works to resolve large-scale prob- lems that affect many taxpayers. If you

know of one of these broad issues, please report it to them at IRS.gov/ SAMS.

TAS for Tax Professionals TAS can provide a variety of informa- tion for tax professionals, including tax law updates and guidance, TAS pro- grams, and ways to let TAS know about systemic problems you’ve seen in your practice.

Low Income Taxpayer Clinics (LITCs) LITCs are independent from the IRS. LITCs represent individuals whose in- come is below a certain level and need to resolve tax problems with the IRS, such as audits, appeals, and tax col- lection disputes. In addition, clinics can provide information about taxpayer rights and responsibilities in different languages for individuals who speak English as a second language. Serv- ices are offered for free or a small fee for eligible taxpayers. To find a clinic near you, visit www.TaxpayerAdvocate.IRS.gov/ about-us/Low-Income-Taxpayer- Clinics-LITC/ or see IRS Pub. 4134, Low Income Taxpayer Clinic List.

To help us develop a more useful index, please let us know if you have ideas for index entries. See “Comments and Suggestions” in the “Introduction” for the ways you can reach us.Index

A Additional child tax credit (ACTC) 5 Assistance (See Tax help)

C Child tax credit (CTC) 3 Claiming the credits 4 Credit for other dependents (ODC) 4

E Earned income 5

I Improper Claims 3

L Limits on the credits 4

O ODC (Credit for other dependents) 4

P Publications (See Tax help)

Q Qualifying child for the CTC 3 Qualifying person for the ODC 4

R Required SSN 3

T Tax help 11 Taxpayer Identification Number Requirements 2 Timely Issued TIN 4

Page 14 Publication 972 (2020)https://www.irs.gov/letushelphttps://www.irs.gov/taclocatorhttps://www.irs.gov/taclocatorhttps://www.taxpayeradvocate.irs.gov/get-help/taxpayer-rightshttps://www.taxpayeradvocate.irs.gov/get-help/taxpayer-rightshttps://www.taxpayeradvocate.irs.gov/https://www.irs.gov/advocate/local-taxpayer-advocatehttps://www.irs.gov/advocate/local-taxpayer-advocatehttp://www.taxpayeradvocate.irs.gov/contact-ushttp://www.taxpayeradvocate.irs.gov/contact-ushttps://www.irs.gov/samshttps://www.irs.gov/samshttps://www.taxpayeradvocate.irs.gov/about-us/low-income-taxpayer-clinics-litc/https://www.taxpayeradvocate.irs.gov/about-us/low-income-taxpayer-clinics-litc/https://www.taxpayeradvocate.irs.gov/about-us/low-income-taxpayer-clinics-litc/https://www.irs.gov/pub/irs-pdf/p4134.pdf

  • Future Developments
  • What’s New
  • Reminders
  • Introduction
  • Taxpayer Identification Number Requirements
  • Improper Claims
  • Child Tax Credit (CTC)
    • Qualifying Child for the CTC
    • Required SSN
  • Credit for Other Dependents (ODC)
    • Qualifying Person for the ODC
    • Timely Issued TIN
  • Limits on the CTC and ODC
  • Claiming the CTC and ODC
  • Earned Income
  • Additional Child Tax Credit (ACTC)
  • Paperwork Reduction Act Notice
  • How To Get Tax Help
    • The Taxpayer Advocate Service (TAS) Is Here To Help You
      • What Is TAS?
      • How Can You Learn About Your Taxpayer Rights?
      • What Can TAS Do For You?
      • How Can You Reach TAS?
      • How Else Does TAS Help Taxpayers?
      • TAS for Tax Professionals
    • Low Income Taxpayer Clinics (LITCs)
  • Index

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