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Angelica De La Torre

ENGL 1A-SEC 93

Professor Navarro

11//4/21

Outline

Claims:

● People of color are more likely to be in debt and less likely to own homes compared to

white individuals..

● White households are more likely to hold assets in stocks, mutual funds, and investment

trusts than U.S African American, Mexican, other latino, Korean, and Vietnamese

households.

● Asian Indians, Chinese, and Japanese were the most likely to own an asset, whereas U.S.

black, Mexican, other Latino households, and Vietnamese generally had the highest

levels of asset poverty.

● Mexicans, other Latinos, and Vietnamese also owned savings accounts at a lower rate

than white households

● student loan debt may affect nonwhite college students more adversely than their white

peers.

● The percentage of households owning a home differs dramatically by race and ethnicity

in Los Angeles

● Home ownership gives you a pathway to economic security and mobility

De La Torre 2

Thesis: When it comes to homeownership and wealth the studies show that there are

disparities and a gap between different ethic/racial groups compared to white people.

Rough Draft:

The first chosen resource is from the Federal Reserve bank of San Francisco. It is titled “Color

of Wealth in Los Angeles” and the authors were Melany De La Cruz-Viesca, Zhenxiang Chen,

Paul M. Ong, Darrick Hamilton, and William A. Darity Jr.. This was a joint publication from

Duke University, The New School and the University of California, Los Angeles and as well the

insight center for community economic development. In this piece of writing it spoke about

many factors of economic development that are in Los Angeles, CA. One thing that was very

interesting to me and helped me understand my issue was the “The Implications of Racial

Disparities in Los Angeles” section. This section spoke about the wealth inequality that is

occurring within different racial groups. It stated things such as how people of color are more

likely to be in debt and less likely to own homes compared to white individuals, White

households are more likely to hold assets in stocks, mutual funds, and investment trusts than U.S

african American, Mexican, other latino, Korean, and Vietnamese households, and how Asian

Indians, Chinese, and Japanese were the most likely to own an asset, whereas U.S. black,

Mexican, other Latino households, and Vietnamese generally had the highest levels of asset

poverty.

De La Torre 3

I will use this resource to further advance my idea of the issue that I will be discussing. The

information that was spoken about is very crucial to the understanding of the wealth inequality

that is occurring not only in the community that I chose, but everywhere.

The second resource that I have chosen is an analysis that was written by Jamila Henderson

titled “Homeownership Is Unattainable for Most Bay Area Black, Latinx, Cambodian, and

Pacific Islander Households”. Within this analysis the fundamental idea is that individuals of

color are less fortunate when it comes to homeownership compared to individuals who are

cuascasian.

There is a major difference in owning a home when it comes to your race/ethnicity. It was

found that the homeownership rate across the region that was steady between 2000 and 2010 has

lightly declined from 58 to 56 percent over the last decade. This drop comes from the increase of

rent and housing costs.

This resource is very informational and helped me undeterred in an analytical way about this

issue. It provided not only percentages but graphs as well and that itself gave me a good

understanding of what was being said.

The third resource is written by Zhou Yu and Dowell Myers. It is titled “Misleading

Comparisons of Homeownership Rates when the Variable Effect of Household Formation Is

Ignored: Explaining Rising Homeownership and the Homeownership Gap between Blacks and

Asians in the US”. In this article it spoke about how african americans have a low

De La Torre 4

homeownership rate. 2004). “Although Blacks have significantly improved their homeownership

rates in recent years, the Black-White homeownership gap remains wide (Bostic and Surette,

2001; Freeman, 2005”(Zhou, 5). There is a big gap between the homeownership of white

individuals and people of color. The rate of homeownership varies severely. “Whites had the

highest homeownership rate (71.4 per cent), followed by Asians (53.5 per cent), and the lowest

homeownership rates are found among Latinos (44.1 per cent) and Blacks (44.6 per cent). Based

on the conven- tional homeownership rate alone, one would conclude that both Asians and

Whites had better access to owner-occupied housing than Blacks and Latinos”(Zhou, 8). This

data illustrates how there is a big gap between the many ethnic groups.

“Misleading Comparisons of Homeownership Rates when the Variable Effect of Household

Formation Is Ignored: Explaining Rising Homeownership and the Homeownership Gap between

Blacks and Asians in the US” is a very good article because it illustrates how many ethnic groups

are facing disparities when it comes to owning homes or having the same income. The data that

is provided gives you a good sense as the reader about how there is an inequality that is

occurring between the certain ethnic groups that were listed above.

The fourth source is titled “Hurdles or walls? Nativity, citizenship, legal status and Latino

homeownership in Los Angeles”. This Journal was written by Eileen Diaz McConnell. In this

journal it talks about the homeownership differences among four latino groups. A good statement

that was made was “Homeownership is directly and indirectly linked with many positive child,

adult, and community-level outcomes” (McConnel,2) This illustrates homeownership has a

positive outcome for individuals.. It also stated that immigrant citizenship and status do predict

De La Torre 5

the homeownership, net, etc. An interesting thing that was said in this journal was that “Nativity

does not predict homeownership.”(McConnel,1).

Overall, This journal will help me learn more about the impirantcane of home ownership. It also

spoke about the topic and also about immigration and how it might correspond to

homeownership. These pieces of writing have all illustrated how there is a disparity between

homeownership and wealth between the different ethnic/racial groups around california.

Work cited:

De La Cruz-Viesca , Melany, et al. “Color of Wealth in Los Angeles – Federal Reserve

Bank of …” The Color of Wealth in Los Angeles, 2016,

https://www.frbsf.org/community-development/files/color-of-wealth-in-los-angeles.pdf.

De La Torre 6

Henderson, Jamila. “Homeownership Is Unattainable for Most Bay Area Black, Latinx,

Cambodian, and Pacific Islander Households: Bay Area Equity Atlas.” Homeownership Is

Unattainable for Most Bay Area Black, Latinx, Cambodian, and Pacific Islander Households |

Bay Area Equity Atlas, 24 Sept. 2021, https://bayareaequityatlas.org/node/65531.

Yu, Zhou, and Dowell Myers. “Misleading Comparisons of Homeownership Rates When the

Variable Effect of Household Formation Is Ignored: Explaining Rising Homeownership and the

Homeownership Gap between Blacks and Asians in the US.” Urban Studies, vol. 47, no. 12,

Temporary Publisher, 2010, pp. 2615–40, http://www.jstor.org/stable/43079943.

McConnell, Eileen Díaz. “Hurdles or Walls? Nativity, Citizenship, Legal Status and Latino

Homeownership in Los Angeles.” Social Science Research, Academic Press, 12 May 2015,

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0049089X15000897.

Cameron Salonga

Professor Navarro

ENGL-1A Sec 93

11/4/21

Project 3 material

Outline:

In the Covid-19 Vaccine Access and Attitudes among People Experiencing Homelessness from

Pilot Mobile Phone Survey in Los Angeles, CA. PLOS ONE, Public Library of Science, the

homeless population is having a harder time accessing covid vaccines due to hesitant and being

undersupplied. Also, the hesitation is due to a belief that the covid vaccine will do more harm

than good.

In Homelessness and Public Health in Los Angeles, it highlights the struggles from getting the

covid vaccines and the daily challenges that the homeless face. Also, it highlights other diseases

that have broken out because of vaccine hesitancy.

In Vaccine Decision-Making in Racial and Ethnic Minority Communities in Los Angeles,

California, it highlights that the covid vaccines were undersupplied to ethnic minority

communities especially in the homeless population. Also it highlights the racism and disparities

in the distribution of the covid vaccine.

In COVID-19 innovations in medication for addiction treatment at a Skid Row syringe exchange,

it highlights the importance of the covid vaccine among the homeless population who use illegal

substances. Also, it highlights the importance for these communities to get the vaccine as they

are at higher risk of infection to covid-19.

Resources paragraphs:

2

Kuhn, Randall, et al. Covid-19 Vaccine Access and Attitudes among People Experiencing

Homelessness from Pilot Mobile Phone Survey in Los Angeles, CA. PLOS ONE, Public Library

of Science, https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0255246

The homeless population in L.A county is having a harder time in accessing covid

vaccines. There is a common belief that the covid vaccines can hinder a person’s health by

damaging their internal organs. Also, the recent spike in being hesitant of taking the vaccine is

similar to outbreaks of hepatitis in the homeless population because of the same hesitancy of not

taking the Hep A vaccine. Lastly, only a small percentage of the homeless population was

sampled which would not give the whole picture on the overall attitudes about the covid vaccine.

This article does relate back to the project 3 thesis since I will use this source as the main

resource since the thesis was based off of this resource. The topic of this is going to be very

similar in how I formulate the essay in terms of project 3, since the topic is about the homeless

not having enough resources to get the covid-19 vaccine. Lastly, the stakeholders in this resource

are the same as the stakeholder in the project 3 thesis.

Kuhn, Randall, et al. Homelessness and Public Health in Los Angeles. EScholarship,

University of California, 2 Apr. 2020, https://escholarship.org/uc/item/2gn3x56s.

This resource is about the struggles of the daily lives of the homeless population in the

L.A area. It mentions how people become homeless which includes bad luck, being in poverty

for most of their lives, etc. It also talks about how some of the resources like healthcare, dental,

and vision are not as accessible to the homeless population making them more at risk for diseases

such as meningitis, hep A and typhus because of the lack of healthcare.https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0255246https://escholarship.org/uc/item/2gn3x56s

3

This resource is great to use as it will build the foundation of how the homeless

population can’t get health care and I will be able to relate this back to how the COVID vaccine

is not as accessible to that population because of the lack of healthcare and how attitudes towards

the vaccine were ultimately made. Also this resource highlights the many attitudes that were

developed not from COVID but from other highly contagious diseases which influence the

behavior of not getting the COVID vaccine. Lastly, this resource directly relates back to the

project 3 thesis since it utilizes the stakeholder of the homeless population.

Savanna L. Carson, PhD. Vaccine Decision-Making in Racial and Ethnic Minority

Communities in Los Angeles, California. JAMA Network Open, JAMA Network, 30 Sept. 2021,

https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamanetworkopen/fullarticle/2784592.

This resource claims that the COVID vaccine was undersupplied to many communities in

L.A and was most severe in the low-income communities and the homeless communities. The

resource utilizes data taken from a sample population in L.A and highlights that the minority

communities have been undersupplied compared to the other communities around L.A. Lastly,

the data and facts that were presented were of only minority communities and no sample was

taken in the other communities.

This resource can be utilized greatly since it highlights the other communities compared

with the homeless community. It could also be used as a way of being a counterargument in the

essay since it has data that proves that not only the COVID vaccines were a problem for just the

homeless population but other communities as well. Lastly, the topic of the COVID vaccines nothttps://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamanetworkopen/fullarticle/2784592

4

being accessible does relate to this resource since this resource does show that COVID vaccines

are not being accessed by a certain population.

“Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.. Library.” San Jose State University Library,

https://www-sciencedirect-com.libaccess.sjlibrary.org/science/article/pii/S0740547220304384.

This resource is about how the homeless population in the L.A area is having problems

with COVID-19 infections because of the overcrowdedness of the shelters and the undersupply

of vaccines that are available to them to combat this rise in infections. It also mentions a known

homeless population in L.A, the Skid Row homeless community, as the data is collected from

this community. It also mentions that other diseases are rising in addition to COVID-19 as more

of the homeless population is using more illegal substances.

This resource is great in supporting the topic of covid-19 vaccine not being accessible

since this highlights a rise of infections. I could use this data as evidence to highlight that the

homeless population is not receiving enough covid vaccines and that the data supports it. Lastly

the stakeholders is again the same as the project 3 thesis in that it is of the homeless population

in L.A.https://www-sciencedirect-com.libaccess.sjlibrary.org/science/article/pii/S0740547220304384

5

Rough Draft:

COVID-19 has brought light to the fact that the homeless population has suffered more to

this disease. This is brought light into the following articles, Covid-19 Vaccine Access and

Attitudes among People Experiencing Homelessness from Pilot Mobile Phone Survey in Los

Angeles, CA, Homelessness and Public Health in Los Angeles, vaccine Decision-Making in

Racial and Ethnic Minority Communities in Los Angeles, California, & COVID-19 innovations

in medication for addiction treatment at a Skid Row. Additionally with these articles, all of them

highlights problems within the homeless population in the L.A county area as historically, the

L.A county is cultural diverse but with diverse comes with a higher population density which

effects the job market in that area to the point of growing a homeless population within the

streets of that area.

In the first article, Covid-19 Vaccine Access and Attitudes among People Experiencing

Homelessness from Pilot Mobile Phone Survey in Los Angeles, CA, the analysis that was

gathered from the attitudes that was prevalent in the homeless community was, The homeless

population in L.A county is having a harder time in accessing covid vaccines. There is a common

belief that the covid vaccines can hinder a person’s health by damaging their internal organs.

Also, the recent spike in being hesitant of taking the vaccine is similar to outbreaks of hepatitis in

the homeless population because of the same hesitancy of not taking the Hep A vaccine. Lastly,

only a small percentage of the homeless population was sampled which would not give the

whole picture on the overall attitudes about the covid vaccine (Kuhn, Randel).

Moreover, this article does relate back to the project 3 thesis since I will use this source

as the main resource since the thesis was based off of this resource. The topic of this is going to

6

be very similar in how I formulate the essay in terms of project 3, since the topic is about the

homeless not having enough resources to get the covid-19 vaccine. Lastly, the stakeholders in

this resource are the same as the stakeholder in the project 3 thesis.

In the second article, Homelessness and Public Health in Los Angeles, the analysis that

was gathered was that the COVID-19 disease is more prevalent in the homeless communities in

the L.A county and highlights struggles of the daily lives of the homeless population in the L.A

area. It mentions how people become homeless which includes bad luck, being in poverty for

most of their lives, etc. It also talks about how some of the resources like healthcare, dental, and

vision are not as accessible to the homeless population making them more at risk for diseases

such as meningitis, hep A and typhus because of the lack of healthcare (Kuhn, Randel)

Additionally, this article is great to use as it will build the foundation of how the

homeless population can’t get health care and I will be able to relate this back to how the COVID

vaccine is not as accessible to that population because of the lack of healthcare and how attitudes

towards the vaccine were ultimately made. Also this resource highlights the many attitudes that

were developed not from COVID but from other highly contagious diseases which influence the

behavior of not getting the COVID vaccine. Lastly, this resource directly relates back to the

project 3 thesis since it utilizes the stakeholder of the homeless population.

In the third article, Vaccine Decision-Making in Racial and Ethnic Minority Communities

in Los Angeles, California, the COVID vaccine was undersupplied to many communities in L.A

and was most severe in the low-income communities and the homeless communities. The

resource utilizes data taken from a sample population in L.A and highlights that the minority

communities have been undersupplied compared to the other communities around L.A. Lastly,

7

the data and facts that were presented were of only minority communities and no sample was

taken in the other communities (Savanna L.).

In addition to this, this article can be utilized greatly since it highlights the other

communities compared with the homeless community. It could also be used as a way of being a

counterargument in the essay since it has data that proves that not only the COVID vaccines

were a problem for just the homeless population but other communities as well. Lastly, the topic

of the COVID vaccines not being accessible does relate to this resource since this resource does

show that COVID vaccines are not being accessed by a certain population.

In the last article, COVID-19 innovations in medication for addiction treatment at a Skid

Row syringe exchange, this analysis of this article highlights that the homeless population in the

L.A area is having problems with COVID-19 infections because of the overcrowdedness of the

shelters and the undersupply of vaccines that are available to them to combat this rise in

infections. It also mentions a known homeless population in L.A, the Skid Row homeless

community, as the data is collected from this community. It also mentions that other diseases are

rising in addition to COVID-19 as more of the homeless population is using more illegal

substances (“Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.. Library.”).

Moreover, this article is great in supporting the topic of covid-19 vaccine not being

accessible since this highlights a rise of infections. I could use this data as evidence to highlight

that the homeless population is not receiving enough covid vaccines and that the data supports it.

Lastly the stakeholders is again the same as the project 3 thesis in that it is of the homeless

population in L.A. were to manage this crisis in this community, it could save other

communities.

8

In conclusion, these analyses of the four articles highlight the problems that the homeless

population faces in the L.A area and should be addressed by the appropriate authorities to deal

with this. As these problems grow, the more outbreaks in the L.A area become more prevalent to

the point of which could cause an outbreak nationwide. This event could lead to catastrophic

events such as other diseases becoming more prevalent, which would put this pandemic into

multiple pandemics. So if the L.A area were to

9

References

Kuhn, Randall, et al. Covid-19 Vaccine Access and Attitudes among People Experiencing

Homelessness from Pilot Mobile Phone Survey in Los Angeles, CA. PLOS ONE, Public Library

of Science, https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0255246

Kuhn, Randall, et al. Homelessness and Public Health in Los Angeles. EScholarship,

University of California, 2 Apr. 2020, https://escholarship.org/uc/item/2gn3x56s.

Savanna L. Carson, PhD. Vaccine Decision-Making in Racial and Ethnic Minority

Communities in Los Angeles, California. JAMA Network Open, JAMA Network, 30 Sept. 2021,

https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamanetworkopen/fullarticle/2784592.

“Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.. Library.” San Jose State University Library,

https://www-sciencedirect-com.libaccess.sjlibrary.org/science/article/pii/S0740547220304384.https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0255246https://escholarship.org/uc/item/2gn3x56shttps://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamanetworkopen/fullarticle/2784592https://www-sciencedirect-com.libaccess.sjlibrary.org/science/article/pii/S0740547220304384

10

Chen 1

Jacky Chen

Professor Navarro

English 1A

4 November, 2021

Arts Education Is Vital

Outline

● Art is necessary for adolescent growth. “The arts activate the brain’s hippocampus, which

aids in the development of empathy and emotional awareness in youngsters” (Gert 9).

● The most practical method for improving conceptual learning and engagement in today’s

standardized test-driven education system is to provide a distinctive informal setting,

such as bio-diversity gardens and parks and museum-like surroundings. Informal

education brings classroom topics to life by allowing students to apply principles taught

in class.

● The art curriculum in California has fluctuated throughout the decades due to financial

constraints and an almost exclusive emphasis on reading, arithmetic, and scientific

achievement. (Checker and Fishman 54).

● Art is the portrayal, application, or manifestation of creative skill and inventiveness via

visual mediums such as sculpture and painting.

● Kerry states that art education was created in response to several cultural influences.

Integrating art education into other fields of study is critical for schools, students, and

parents to develop abilities, culture, and morals.

Chen 2

● Throughout history, the threads have intermingled, and their fights have concentrated on

the essential issues facing American society, such as conceptions of enjoyment and work,

individuality and democracy, and what constituted social and scientific reality.

● It is even more crucial today, given the virus’s prolonged isolation of students. The arts

help us to communicate with one another and feel sympathy for one another (Biesta).

● I claim that arts education is critical in California and that every kid, whether they

participate online or in person, has the right to access it.

Rough Draft

Art education is the process of acquiring information about the visual, tactile, and

performing arts. Additionally, visual arts education includes drawing, painting, and ceramics, and

this subset of art education laid the groundwork for the development of the others. As the world’s

technology advances, art education incorporates cutting-edge trends such as photography, design,

film, and video. A competent educator instructs students using a sequential method based on

industry standards as part of the core curriculum. Teachers must develop strategies for

integrating arts into the classroom for the benefit of their pupils. These methods include

requiring students to write a screenplay, compose music to convey a subject, and create memory

dances, work arts, and theater based on the notion. Additionally, assigning students to create and

design promotional brochures and posters is an excellent method to integrate arts into the K-12

classroom. I claim that arts education is critical in California and that every kid, whether they

participate online or in person, has the right to access it.

Art is necessary for adolescent growth. “The arts activate the brain’s hippocampus, which

aids in the development of empathy and emotional awareness in youngsters” (Gert 9). Schools

Chen 3

that provide this kind of instruction are among the most progressive in terms of education and

technology. It is critical to encourage learners from varied socioeconomic, psychological, and

economic backgrounds and educational stakeholders. Art education is about creativity, and as a

result, the degree of invention is increased. In schools or any other setting where art instruction is

provided, technical abilities are developed; students understand everyday life phenomena. This

event focuses on enhanced communication in art presentations, motor skills, decision-making,

risk-taking, and handling capacities. Time is a vital component of art education, and hence

instructors and students of art benefit from increased time use. Art accommodates kids who

perform below-average in class since art is not about the theoretical but about the pragmatism of

life.

The most practical method for improving conceptual learning and engagement in today’s

standardized test-driven education system is to provide a distinctive informal setting, such as

bio-diversity gardens and parks and museum-like surroundings. Informal education brings

classroom topics to life by allowing students to apply principles taught in class (Gert 14).

Teachers or instructors of arts education are supposed to adhere to a specific educational

level—these straightforward guidelines instructors on how to provide visual and performing arts

to children effectively. In January 2019, the California State Board of Education established the

California Arts Standards to accomplish a specified aim. These requirements are intended to

guarantee that kids get a comprehensive arts education. Students’ artistic competencies are

developed in methods that create enjoyment and knowledge of the arts that may be translated to

personal, intellectual, and professional spheres of life.

The art curriculum in California has fluctuated throughout the decades due to financial

constraints and an almost exclusive emphasis on reading, arithmetic, and scientific achievement.

Chen 4

(Checker and Fishman 54). This adds to the burden of a low priority since arts education has

been assigned a low priority in public schools during the previous decade. Like many other

states, California should make plans to open schools following state legislation and county

endorsements.

Art is the portrayal, application, or manifestation of artistic skill and inventiveness via

visual mediums such as sculpture and painting. The artists’ work has made significant help to

society, resulting in a tidal change in how people see real-world events. Brain research

demonstrates that engagement in art unequivocally is very beneficial to the educational process.

Art contributes to the maturation of brain systems by balancing emotional states and honing fine

motor abilities.

Kerry states that art education was created in response to several cultural influences.

Integrating art education into other fields of study is critical for schools, students, and parents to

develop abilities, culture, and morals. Art is inextricably linked to improved relationships among

students, society, and educational systems. Art education motivates me to work in other fields.

This is accomplished by including natural and brainstorming concerns that stimulate learners’

thinking and help them transform their shortcomings and weaknesses into strengths. Art

education is critical for maintaining active brains. It is a safeguard against malevolent and

mediocre-minded individuals who participate in drug misuse and criminal activity. Policymaking

is more effective when examples are used, and youngsters use art education as a vehicle for

policymaking. In a nutshell, art is an education in confronting fear.

Throughout history, the threads have intermingled, and their fights have concentrated on

the essential issues facing American society, such as conceptions of enjoyment and work,

individuality and democracy, and what constituted social and scientific reality. According to

Chen 5

research, instructors who have a high level of self-efficacy for arts education are more likely to

incorporate arts into their classrooms; however, the converse is true for teachers who have a low

level of self-efficacy for the arts (Kerry 26). They state that even if a pre-service teacher has

some previous experience, they have minimal expertise in arranging and programming arts

events. When all of this is considered, it is clear that educators need professional development to

apply art successfully in their tutorial room. Visual arts teachers should begin their professional

development as pre-service teachers and continue throughout their careers until they are

confident in teaching the subject matter.

It is even more crucial today, given the virus’s prolonged isolation of students. The arts help

us to communicate with one another and feel sympathy for one another (Biesta). For example, art

students learn how to develop into continuous, self-directed learners. Additionally, involvement

in art enables children to form stronger bonds with one another, resulting in increased peer

support. Art provides opportunities for all children, from the talented to the elementary level, to

overcome obstacles. Additionally, it tends to reach out to kids who are not often reached and in

ways not typically used. Additionally, instead of being dissatisfied with being robotically fed

knowledge, students may participate in self-discovery.

To summarize, art education is critical in the lives of all students. Students of all ages need

an ambitious and comprehensive education that incorporates the arts from kindergarten to

university. Numerous data demonstrate rather convincingly that involvement in art promotes

academic advancement across all subject areas and is critical to a well-rounded education. Art

education strongly encourages creativity, which is the number one talent businesses value when

recruiting people in today’s day and age

Chen 6

Works cited

Biesta, Gert. “What If? Art Education beyond Expression and Creativity.” The

International Encyclopedia of Art and Design Education, Jan. 2019, pp. 1–10,

https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118978061.ead058.

Checker, Melissa, and Maggie Fishman. Local Actions: Cultural Activism, Power, and

Public Life in America, Columbia University Press, 2004. ProQuest Ebook Central,

https://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/sjsu/detail.action?docID=909222.

Freedman, Kerry. Art Education as Social Production: Culture, Society, and Politics in the

Formation of Curriculum. Falmer Press, Taylor And Francis Publications, Frost

Road, Suite 101, Bristol, Pa 7, 2018.

Gardner Ph.D., Amanda. “Dr. Larry Brewster and California Arts-in-Corrections: A case

study in correctional arts research.” Journal of Prison Education and Reentry 6.2

(2020): 194-200.https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118978061.ead058https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118978061.ead058https://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/sjsu/detail.action?docID=909222https://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/sjsu/detail.action?docID=909222

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