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  1. Discuss the lyrics of your favorite song.
  2. Summarize your interpretation of the meaning of the lyrics using poetry terms 
  3. Write at least 1 page.
  4. Your written ideas will be graded using the rubric found in Canvas.
  5. Remember proper formatting per the syllabus

Poetry Terms

(See Glossary of Literary Terms, Bedford page 1558-1582)

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1. Allegory- A narration or description usually restricted to a single meaning because its events, actions, characters, settings, and objects represent specific abstractions or ideas.

2. Alliteration- The repetition of the same consonant sounds in a sequence of words, usually at the beginning of a word or stressed syllable; ‘descending dew drops’

3. Allusion-A brief reference to a person, place, thing, event, or idea in history or literature

4. Anagrams- A word or phrase made from the letters of another word or phrase, as heart is an anagram of earth.

5. Apostrophe- An address either to someone who is absent and therefore cannot hear the speaker or to something nonhuman that cannot comprehend

6. Ars poetica- A Latin term meaning “the art of poetry”

7. Assonance- The repetition of internal vowel sounds in nearby words that do not end the same, for example, “asleep under a tree,” or “each evening.”

8. Ballad stanza- A four-line stanza, known as a quatrain, consisting of alternating eight and six syllable lines.

9. Blank verse- Unrhymed iambic pentameter

10. Caesura- A pause within a line of poetry that contributes to the rhythm of the line; can occur anywhere within a line and need not be indicated by punctuation.

11. Connotation- Associations and implications that go beyond the literal meaning of a word.

12. Consonance- A common type of near rhyme that consists of identical consonant sounds preceded by different vowel sounds: home, same; worth, breath.

13. Denotation- The dictionary meaning of a word.

14. Doggerel- A derogatory term used to describe poetry whose subject is trite and whose rhythm and sounds are monotonously heavy-handed.

15. Elegy- A mournful, contemplative lyric poem written to commemorate someone who is dead.

16. Enjambment- When one line in poetry ends without a pause and continues into the next line for its meaning. Also called a run-on line.

17. Epic poem- A long narrative poem, told in a formal, elevated style, that focuses on a serious subject and chronicles heroic deeds and events important to a culture or nation.

18. Eye Ryhme- words that look alike but do not rhyme

19. Foot- The metrical unit by which a line of poetry is measured. A foot usually consists of one stressed and one or two unstressed syllables.

20. Hyperbole- A boldly exaggerated statement that adds emphasis without intending to be literally true; for example, “He ate everything in the house.”

21. Iambic pentameter- A metrical pattern in poetry that consists of five iambic feet per line. (An iamb, or iambic foot, consists of one unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable, “away”)

22. Image- A word, phrase, or figure of speech (simile or metaphor) that addresses the senses, suggesting mental pictures of sights, sounds, smells, tastes, feelings, or actions. is language that addresses the senses. The most common images in poetry are visual. They provide a verbal picture of the poets’ encounters — real or imagined — with the world.

23. Irony- A technique, or literary device, that uses contradictory statements or situations to reveal a discrepancy between what appears to be and what is actually true.

24. Limerick- A light, humorous style of fixed form poetry which usually consists of five lines with the rhyme scheme aabba

25. Lyric poem- A brief poem that expresses the personal emotions and thoughts of a single speaker. The speaker may not necessarily be the poet.

26. Metaphor- A figure of speech that makes a comparison between two unlike things, without using the words like or as.

27. Narrative poem- A poem that tells a story

28. Near Rhyme- Also called off rhyme, slant rhyme and approximate rhyme; the sounds are almost, but not exactly alike. Consonance is a common form of near rhyme which consists of identical consonant sounds preceded by different vowel sounds: home, same, worth , breath

29. Onomatopoeia- The use of a word that resembles the sound it denotes, buzz, rattle, bang.

30. Paraphrase- A prose restatement of the central ideas of a literary work, in one’s own language

31. Parody- A humorous imitation of another, usually serious, work.

32. Personification- A form of a metaphor in which human characteristics are attributed to nonhuman things.

33. Prosody- The overall metrical structure of a poem.

34. Quatrain- A four-line stanza

35. Repetition- Using the same word or phrase over and over again in a piece of writing or speech

36. Rhyme- The repetition of identical or similar concluding syllables in different words, most often at the ends of lines

37. Rhyme Scheme- The pattern of end rhymes

38. Rhythm- Used to refer to the recurrence of stressed and unstressed sounds in poetry

39. Satire- The art of ridiculing a folly or vice in an effort to expose or correct it

40. Sestet- A stanza consisting of exactly six lines

41. Sestina- A type of fixed form poetry consisting of thirty-nine lines of any length divided into six sestets and a three-line concluding stanza called an envoy.

42. Setting- The physical and social context in which the action of a story or poem takes place.

43. Simile- A figure of speech that makes an explicit comparison between two things by using words such as like, as, than, appears, and seems.

44. Sonnet- A fixed form of lyric poetry that consists of fourteen lines, usually written in iambic pentameter. Petrarchan sonnet= Italian sonnet. English sonnet= Shakespearean sonnet

45. Speaker- The voice used by an author to speak a poem

46. Stanza- A grouping of lines, set off by a space, that usually has a set pattern of meter and rhyme.

47. Symbol- A person, object, image, word, or event that evokes a range of additional meaning beyond and usually more abstract than its literal significance

48. Synecdoche- A type of metaphor in which a part of something is used to signify the whole, such as when a gossip is called a “wagging tongue,” or “Boston won the baseball game.”

49. Tercet- A three-line stanza

50. Trochaic foot- Consists of one stressed syllable followed by an unstressed syllable, “lovely

51. Theme- The central meaning or dominant idea in a literary work; not to be confused with the actual subject of the work, the theme refers to the abstract concept that is made concrete through the images, characterization, and action of a text.

52. Villanelle- A type of fixed form poetry consisting of nineteen lines of any length divided into six stanzas: five tercets and a concluding quatrain.

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