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Unit II US Gov

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QUESTION 1

Which type of federalism is characterized by a system of separate but equally powerful state and national governments?

Dual
Combined
Cooperative
Progressive

QUESTION 2

According to the Great Compromise, how would representation in Congress be apportioned?

Each state would have equal representation in both the House of Representatives and the Senate.
Congress would be a unicameral legislature with each state receiving equal representation.
Representation in the House of Representatives would be based on each state’s population, and every state would have two senators.
Representation in both the House of Representatives and the Senate would be based on a state’s population.

QUESTION 3

How many times has the U.S. Constitution been amended?

10
27
32
47

QUESTION 4

Which British law taxed commonly used goods such as glass, tea, and paint?

The Stamp Act
The Quartering Act
The Townshend Acts
Coercive Acts

QUESTION 5

How did the delegates to the Constitutional Convention resolve their disagreement regarding slavery?

It was agreed that slave states could count their slave population at a rate of 3/5th of a person for the purpose of both representation and taxation.
It was agreed that Congress would abolish slavery in 1880.
It was agreed that a state’s slave population would not count toward taxation or representation.
It was agreed that slaves would be freed upon ratification of the U.S. Constitution.

QUESTION 6

Which core principle of the U.S. Constitution refers to a system in which the levels of government and political powers are separated?

Separation of powers
Federalism
Checks and balances
The Bill of Rights

QUESTION 7

Which of the following was a problem under the Articles of Confederation?

The national government was too strong compared to the states.
Amendments were too easy to ratify.
Congress imposed excessive taxes.
Congress lacked the specific power to tax.

QUESTION 8

What is the Bill of Rights?

First 10 amendments of the U.S. Constitution, which protect individual freedoms
Powers given to Congress in Article I of the U.S. Constitution
The 27 amendments added to the U.S. Constitution over the years
Document authored by Thomas Jefferson that details the rights of the citizen

QUESTION 9

John Locke argued that the rights to life, liberty, and property are special rights that cannot be taken away by the government. They are known as:

reserved rights.
natural rights.
enumerated rights.
original rights.

QUESTION 10

Which early American leader was influenced by Enlightenment philosophers and expressed these ideas as the author of the Declaration of Independence?

James Madison
Benjamin Franklin
Thomas Jefferson
John Adams

QUESTION 11

Define federalism, and describe its advantages and disadvantages in the political system. Your response must be at least 75 words in length.

QUESTION 12

Explain how separation of powers and checks and balances help to maintain the democratic system in the United States. Your response should include examples of how both practices work. Your response must be at least 75 words in length.

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