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A few things to note:

1. You are not allowed to use direct quotes in your paper. If you use a direct quote, the highest grade you can receive is a 50/100, assuming every other aspect of the paper is correct.

2. Paraphrased information must be cited. If your paper is not properly cited with in text citations, it is plagiarized and will receive a 0/100.

3. Paraphrasing must be completely your own words — if it matches too much to the original source, then the paper is plagiarized and will receive a 0/100.

4. Your citations on your works cited page must have the proper format: They must be in alphabetical order, have a hanging indent, and be in full 8th edition MLA format. Improper citation is also a form of plagiarism, and the highest grade you can receive if your Works Cited page is not correct is a 50/100 — you have turned in a version of this page several times already (sourcing, AB, research submission and rough draft) and have been given ample opportunity to fix these errors. 

I did not read your rough draft for content — I read for formatting and other components. Therefore, it is entirely possible for you to do very well on the rough draft and extremely poorly on the final — as I will be reading for both format and content at that time.

Remember, you want to revise your paper down to FOUR exact pages. Not one extra or less word.

NB: please mention the children’s book ‘A cool kid like me’ the author ‘Wilhelm Hans’ on few paragraphs. 

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The impacts of parenting on present and future lives of children


Parenting in many ways determines children’s behaviors in both the present and future times. The psychological and physical development of children greatly depends on the impacts of parenting. Good parenting in most cases brings out the best in children while poor parenting is associated with children developing various undesirable traits such as self-esteem issues, anger, and violent behaviors. Good parenting is associated with traits such as independence in many instances, respect, stable self-esteem, and better organization skills among others. The research puts into use six sources that explicitly explain parenting and the various aspects associated with parental guidelines and concerns. The thesis statement of the study, therefore, is how parenting affects the lives of children both in future and present moments.

Good parenting

Significantly, good parenting entails proper child-rearing at all ages. The location of the parents affects the well-being of the children. In contemporary society, it is a common phenomenon to see parents living away from their children due to so many issues such as job purposes, divorced families, and sickness conditions. Not residing with the children is unprofessional to parental guidelines. The distance created between the children and their parents widens and impacts the love affections, attention, and security (Dolev and Zeedyk 470). In reference to the children’s book, when children are not shown love and properly taken care of at their tender ages it negatively affects them both in the present and future times (Wilhelm np). Such children grow cold, and are not always enthusiastic, caring and often develop self-esteem issues. Therefore, it is appropriate for parents to maintain a close relationship with their children, show them love and provide them with the necessary security.

On the other, and many parents find parenting roles as a difficult task. Some parents fear the responsibilities and commitments that come with child-rearing. Parenting roles according to authors Dolev and Zeedyk, parenting can be stressful and overwhelming (Dolev and Zeedyk 471). Research shows that negligence by parents negatively influences the growth and development of children. Additionally, in relation to the children’s book, when parenting roles are ignored, the children end up having nobody to take care of them, which implies isolation (Wilhelm np). Such situations may drive children to engage in societal bad habits such as theft cases and drug abuse engagement. Further, many parents struggle in adopting other people’s insights relating to parenting (Dolev and Zeedyk 471).In most cases, different parents have different parenting methods that work for them. Some use authoritarian parenting, others permissive parenting, and uninvolved parenting. Likewise, young parents struggle to practice older parents’ insights in most cases.

In line with good parenting, many parents depend on experts in matters concerning parenting. Majorly, young parents seek guidance on the best ways to bring up children. Parenting experts counsel parents on the dos and don’ts of parenting. Additionally, the parenting experts offer lessons on good parenting based on various age brackets of the children involved. Parenting education as well enhances good parenting practices like positive language use, appropriate discipline, and related family routines and practices. Parenting education equally promotes nurturing behavior by the parents and informs the parents of various child communication styles and knowledge (Dolev and Zeedyk 470). However, some parents do not pay attention to child-rearing guidance provided by the parenting experts.

Child and parent preferences

Often in the parenting experience, the children and the parents have different preferences. Therefore, childhood bads become parenting goods. The reasoning difference is due to the variance in psychological and physical development. In reference to the children’s book, the restrictions and guidance protocols offered to children by their parents do not excite them (Wilhelm np). On the other hand, these form part of the parenting good to the involved parents. Additionally, the values of a family form part of the parenting goods. Family values are highly regarded by many parents. These are the set rules and codes of conduct that are expected of every member of the family. According to authors, Hannan, Zeedyk, and Dolev, interest in child-rearing may provide parenting moral rights (Hannan et al. 367). When parents are interested in raising their children, they offer the required lessons and appropriate guidelines necessary for child growth and development. Importantly, such proper guidance molds the children into better beings both in the present and future times.

Interestingly, parenting interests are in no way related to procreation rights. Changing family numbers comes with more than just interests in parenting. Parenting interests, therefore, do not correlate with procreation rights. Likewise, developing interests in children does not necessarily mean good raising skills. This, therefore, means that better relations between parents and children are only fostered through good parenting (Hannan et al. 368). Further, the ethics of a family are important to both children and parents. If the parents portray and teach good family ethics, the children are likely to emulate the ways of the parents since parents dominate children in most cases. Likewise, provoking children makes them feel the parents dominate them and they feel they are denied their rights.

Interactions of genes and parenting

The genetic makeup of parents greatly determines the children’s behavior both at the present and future times especially in interactions and various relationships. During the early stages of life, the hereditary interactions and the general surrounding shapes the present and future characteristics of children. The genetic characteristics from parents to children play a great role in their character and psychological development. However, the surrounding environment influences how the acquired characters are expressed silenced, or shaped. For instance, genetic variability in parents determines the romantic behaviors acquired by their children (Masarik et al. 357). Additionally, good and poor upbringing determines character transmission. In relation to the children’s book exclusive care and better parenting methods makes the children grow into responsible beings (Wilhelm np). Likewise, poor upbringing influences children’s personalities both in the present and future interactions and in relationships.

Similarly, aggressive behaviors portrayed in children are greatly determined by the genetic composition of the parents. In most cases, children inherit features similar to those of their parents. Notably, apart from genetic inheritance, hostility in interactions between parents and children impair the physical and psychological well-being of the children leading to a stressful environment. From the findings, it shows that intimate relationships between children and, their parents promote social support that minimizes stress among children as in the children’s book (Wilhelm np). The genetic components make part of children’s development both in the early and later stages of development (Masarik et al. 357). Therefore, parents need to understand the genetic variability in their children.

Active parenting

Active parenting incorporates helping children develop survival skills and learn general life principles. Therefore, active parenting involves the active participation of parents in the growth and development of their children and implementing various approaches towards parenting. Significantly, active parenting enforces behavior change in children. Behavior change is possible as the parents closely monitor and teach their children on the acceptable codes of conduct and behaviors (Park and Sangeun 659). In active parenting, parents are consistently involved in the affairs of their children right from childhood into adulthood. Further, various research analyses show that experimental groups of parents who involve in active parenting exhibit low-stress levels and enhances mother satisfaction. In the children’s, book the aspect of gifting children as an active parenting method is as well important (Wilhelm np). Consequently, appreciation through gifts motivates the children and elevates them to do better. Therefore, active parenting promotes behavior change and moral standards that impact both the present and future characters of children.

Moreover, active parenting fosters psychological and physical development among children. When children are provided with proper training, better communication skills, and appropriate discipline their brain development is enhanced and their scope of reasoning widen (Park and Sangeun 669). Similarly, active parenting addresses poor parental engagements practiced by some parents. In reference to the children’s book, poor parental engagements often include shouting at children, shaming them in public, giving children less attention, leisure denial, and violently abusing children, which negatively influences the general wellbeing of children and their education both at the present and future lives (Wilhelm np). Equally, active parenting promotes less problematic children with enhanced mental capabilities.

Self-control and violence

In the parenting sector, aspects of self-control have never been fully explored. However, there is a need for the evaluation of self-control issues in both parents and children as this determines the present and future characteristics of children (Payne et al. 1015). The management of emotional issues associated with anger and violence is key in parenting. In most cases, abusive parenting results in impaired physical and psychological development in children. When children are beaten and brutally treated, they tend to be stressed and are not productive even in schools. The torture and the solitary environment expose children to trauma as in the children’s book (Wilhelm np). Moreover, issues of self-control relate to domestic violence. Domestic violence between partners in most cases leads to the abuse of children and is classified as criminal behavior.

Furthermore, domestic violence encourages children to employ violence, thereby creating a circle of violent generations. Children are more likely to lose self-control in devastating situations hence promoting violence both in their present and future lives (Payne et al. 1015). Domestic violence as well affects children in self-control matters during adolescence and adulthood. In reference to the children’s book, hostile environments and forced restrictions on children denying them exploratory activities and game times are considered violent (Wilhelm np). Additionally, research shows that victims of poor parenting abuse partners and children secretly. Consequently, bad and violent parenting negatively influences the children’s behavior thus determining their present and future behaviors. Self-control and violence are closely linked to emotional reactivity.

Emotional Reactivity

Usually, negative parenting highly associates with difficult temperaments. Parents who are angered easily and tend to overreact are likely to affect and upset their children. On the same note, children emulate parents and acquire such traits (Slagt et al. 748). Additionally, positive emotional reactivity bridges the vulnerability gap in children. When parents relate well with their children, a long-lasting bond is created between the parents and the children. It is of importance for parents to look into the lives of their children and monitor their emotional reactivity with time. Consequently, children tend to be happier when allowed time for leisure and get mentally disturbed when denied leisure as in the children’s book (Wilhelm np). In addition, reactive children exhibit highly emotional traits. During birth, infants lack emotional control as they are aroused by their needs and the response of the parents to their needs. Further, children who do not associate with other kids and isolate themselves cannot regulate their emotions and thus cannot relate better with their colleagues.


Generally, the behavior of the parents while raising children greatly determines the present and future behavior of the children. Good parenting provides children with a conducive environment for child growth and development. Significantly, active parenting plays a major role in the physical and psychological development of children as parents mentor and monitor their children through the various childhood phases thus improving children’s behavior. Likewise, aspects of self-control and violent concerns need to be focused on since violence encourages violent behaviors in children both in their present and future lives. Additionally, gene interaction determines the behaviors, traits, and personalities of children. Lastly, emotional reactivity both in parents and children greatly determines present and future children’s behaviors.

Works cited

Dolev, R., and M. S. Zeedyk. “How to be a Good Parent in Bad Times: Constructing Parenting Advice about Terrorism.” Child: Care, Health and Development, vol. 32, no. 4, 2006, pp. 467-476. Academic Search Complete, https://www-proquest-com.libaccess.hccs.edu/scholarly-journals/how-be-good-parent-bad-times-constructing/docview/68096978/se-2?accountid=7036.

Hannan, Sarah, and R. J. Leland. “Childhood Bads, Parenting Goods, and the Right to Procreate.” Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy, vol. 21, no. 3, 2018, pp. 366-384. ProQuest, https://www-proquest-com.libaccess.hccs.edu/scholarly-journals/childhood-bads-parenting-goods-right-procreate/docview/2019337769/se-2?accountid=7036

Masarik, April S., et al. “For Better and for Worse: Genes and Parenting Interact to Predict Future Behavior in Romantic Relationships: JFP.” Journal of Family Psychology, vol. 28, no. 3, 2014, pp. 357. Academic Search Complete, https://www-proquest-com.libaccess.hccs.edu/scholarly-journals/better-worse-genes-parenting-interact-predict/docview/1536980086/se-2?accountid=7036

Park, Kyung I., and Sangeun Oh. “[Effects of Active Parenting Today Based on Goal Attainment Theory on Parenting Stress, Parenting Behavior, and Parenting Satisfaction in Mothers of School-Age Children].” Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing, vol. 42, no. 5, 2012, pp. 659-670. ProQuesthttps://www-proquest-com.libaccess.hccs.edu/scholarly-journals/effects-active-parenting-today-based-on-goal/docview/1237507981/se-2?accountid=7036

Payne, Brian K., George E. Higgins, and Brenda Blackwell. “Exploring the Link between Self-Control and Partner Violence: Bad Parenting Or General Criminals.” Journal of Criminal Justice, vol. 38, no. 5, 2010, pp. 1015. ProQuesthttps://www-proquest-com.libaccess.hccs.edu/scholarly-journals/exploring-link-between-self-control-partner/docview/816235140/se-2?accountid=7036

Slagt, Meike, et al. “Linking Emotional Reactivity “for Better and for Worse” to Differential Susceptibility to Parenting among Kindergartners.” Development and Psychopathology, vol. 31, no. 2, 2019, pp. 741-758.  ProQuesthttps://www-proquest-com.libaccess.hccs.edu/scholarly-journals/linking-emotional-reactivity-better-worse/docview/2099039683/se-2?accountid=7036.

Wilhelm, Hans. A Cool Kid–Like Me!. Knopf Books for Young Readers, 1990.


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