+1 (208) 254-6996 [email protected]
  

Instructions

This milestone will provide an additional step toward the completion of the final project. This step should be fully analyzed in the final submission. This milestone represents Critical Elements I, II, IV, and Parts B and C of Critical Element III. Your submission will demonstrate your knowledge of how to calculate the values that give a quantitative description of what is going on during the selected step and at the transitions to/from the neighboring steps, using the quantitative description as a starting point.

PHY 101 Final Project Guidelines and Rubric

Don't use plagiarized sources. Get Your Custom Essay on
Physics
Just from $13/Page
Order Essay

Overview The final project for this course is the creation of an analysis report. There is motion all around us, and physics is a way to describe the motion of objects. We experience essential physics concepts, such as motion, all around us in our everyday lives. Isaac Newton’s three laws of motion are examples of these essential physics concepts that we experience all the time. For example, if you are riding a skateboard and hit a curb, the curb will abruptly halt your motion and you will go flying off of the skateboard. This is Newton’s first law in action. For your summative assessment, you will examine the connection between fundamental physics concepts and a Rube Goldberg device. Rube Goldberg devices can be created using almost anything, so use your imagination and have fun. If you would like to create and use a simulated device, you may use the Algodoo software (this software may not work on all devices). Rube Goldberg was a cartoonist known for drawing complicated devices that perform simple tasks in a circuitous and convoluted way. Your device will consist of at least three steps that can be isolated and analyzed using classical mechanics. You will choose a step in your Rube Goldberg device and analyze its interactions with the previous and subsequent steps, calculating energy, velocity, and force as part of your analysis. The project is divided into three milestones, which will be submitted at various points throughout the course to scaffold learning and ensure quality final submissions. These milestones will be submitted in Modules Three, Five, and Six. The final product will be submitted in Module Seven. In this assignment, you will demonstrate your mastery of the following course outcomes:

 PHY-101-01: Calculate forces, motion, and changes in energy for predicting an object’s location and velocity at different times

 PHY-101-02: Apply principles of conservation of energy and momentum for fundamentally analyzing behavior of interacting objects

 PHY-101-03: Draw basic connections between physics concepts and situations involving the interactions among objects and forces

 PHY-101-04: Distinguish the essential properties of different regions of the electromagnetic spectrum for selecting appropriate tools to analyze the structural and kinetic properties of objects

Prompt Select a step or stage in a Rube Goldberg device. You will examine that step in relation to the previous and subsequent steps, analyzing the behavior of the object in the selected step. In addition, you will perform energy, velocity, and force calculations. Finally, you will discuss the analytical tools that could be used to confirm your velocity calculations and their relationship to the electromagnetic spectrum.

I. Step Selection: Select a step or stage in the Rube Goldberg device. Provide a concise description of the step.

II. Previous Step A. Description: Analyze the behavior of the object in the interaction between the previous step and the selected step, qualitatively describing the

transfer of energy that occurs. Which principles of conservation of energy and momentum can you apply to this behavior? B. Equations: Provide the equations that can be used to describe the transfer of energy and the momentum of the object from the previous step to

the selected step. What is the connection between the basic physics concepts in the equations and the interaction of the object and force(s) from step to step?

C. Calculations: Using the applicable equations you identified, calculate the transfer of energy and the momentum from the previous step to the selected step. How do these calculations help you predict the object’s location and velocity from the previous step to the step you selected?

III. Selected Step

A. Initial Velocity: Calculate the initial velocity of the object in the selected step. What does the initial velocity of the object tell you about the behavior of the object?

B. Equations: Provide the equations that can be used to describe the change in type and amount of energy, if applicable, across the selected step. C. Energy Calculation: Calculate the amount of energy that is converted from one form to another form using the changes in mass and height. For

example, if appropriate for your selected step, you could calculate the transformation of potential energy to kinetic energy. D. Velocity and Force Calculations: Calculate the change in velocity that would be observed based on the changes in type of energy. Then, use

Newton’s second law to calculate the force acting on the object.

IV. Subsequent Step A. Description: Analyze the behavior of the object in the interaction between the selected step and the subsequent step, qualitatively describing

the transfer of energy that occurs. Which principles of conservation of energy and momentum can you apply to this behavior? B. Equations: Provide the equations that can be used to describe the transfer of energy and the momentum of the object. What is the connection

between the basic physics concepts in the equations and the interaction of the object and force(s) from step to step? C. Calculations: Using the applicable equations you identified, calculate the transfer of energy and the momentum from your selected step to the

subsequent step. How do these calculations help you predict the object’s location and velocity from the step you selected to the subsequent step?

V. Electromagnetic Spectrum A. Tool: Select an analytical tool that uses electromagnetic waves to measure velocity. Explain how this tool uses electromagnetic waves to

measure velocity. Examples of tools you could consider are LIDAR and RADAR. B. Properties: Describe the region of the electromagnetic spectrum that the tool you selected uses. What properties distinguish this region of the

spectrum from other regions? C. Configuration: Describe how you would configure your selected tool to measure the velocity of the object as it moves from step to step. Ensure

that your description of the tool configuration is complete and realistic. For example, in your description of the configuration, you could consider things like the placement of the tool and the number of measurements you would take.

Milestones Milestone One: Force and Motion Analysis of a Rube Goldberg Device Step In Module Three, you will submit the force and motion analysis of the Rube Goldberg device. This milestone will provide a basis for the development of the final project by describing in words and calculations (using concepts from the class) what is going on in the selected stage of your device. If you have not begun the design, provide a description of a device that you have found (in this case, provide a reference). The discussions from the first two modules of the course can be incorporated into this document. Your submission will describe quantitatively what is going on with respect to force and motion during the selected step. This milestone is graded with the Milestone One Rubric. Milestone Two: Energy and Momentum Analysis of Your Rube Goldberg Device Step In Module Five, you will submit the setup of the energy and momentum analysis. This milestone will provide an additional step toward the completion of the final project. This step should be fully analyzed in the final submission. Your submission will describe qualitatively what is going on and demonstrate your knowledge of how to calculate the values that give a quantitative description of what is going on during the selected step and at the transitions to/from the neighboring steps, using the quantitative description as a starting point. This milestone is graded with the Milestone Two Rubric. Milestone Three: Constructed Rube Goldberg Device In Module Six, you will submit your Rube Goldberg device. This assignment ensures that you have a workable device prior to the due date for the final project. This requirement is assessed by completion only, but is an important step to complete the final product submission. This milestone is graded with the Milestone Three Rubric. Final Submission: Analysis Report In Module Seven, you will submit the analysis report, which includes a full description of your Rube Goldberg device steps. Make sure to add Critical Element V, which was not part of the milestones. Your report should be a complete, polished artifact containing all of the critical elements of the final product. It should reflect the incorporation of feedback gained throughout the course. This submission will be graded using the Final Project Rubric.

Deliverables Milestone Deliverable Module Due Grading

One Qualitative Description Of Rube Goldberg Device Step

3 Graded separately; Milestone One Rubric

Two Setup of Quantitative Description of Your Rube Goldberg Device Step

5 Graded separately; Milestone Two Rubric

Three Constructed Rube Goldberg Device 6 Graded separately; Milestone Three Rubric

Final Submission: Analysis Report 7 Graded separately; Final Project Rubric

Final Project Rubric Guidelines for Submission: Your report should be 3 to 5 pages in length with double spacing, 12-point Times New Roman font, and one-inch margins. Include at least two references cited in APA format.

Critical Elements Exemplary Proficient Needs Improvement Not Evident Value

Step Selection Meets “Proficient” criteria and description balances necessary detail with brevity (100%)

Selects and concisely describes step in Rube Goldberg device (85%)

Selects and describes step in Rube Goldberg device but description is wordy or vague (55%)

Does not select and describe step in Rube Goldberg device (0%)

5

Previous Step: Description

[PHY-101-02]

Meets “Proficient” criteria and description demonstrates deep understanding of relationship between principles of conservation and momentum and interaction between steps (100%)

Accurately analyzes behavior of object in the interaction between the previous step and the selected step, qualitatively describing the transfer of energy that occurs, and applies principles of conservation of energy and momentum to behavior (85%)

Analyzes behavior of object in the interaction between the previous step and the selected step and applies principles of conservation of energy and momentum to behavior but response lacks accuracy, detail, or qualitative description of transfer of energy (55%)

Does not analyze behavior of object in the interaction between the previous step and the selected step and does not apply principles of conservation of energy and momentum to behavior (0%)

7.5

Previous Step: Equations

[PHY-101-03]

Meets “Proficient” criteria and explanation demonstrates keen insight into connection between physics laws and principles found in equations and interactions among objects and forces (100%)

Provides correct equations for describing the transfer of energy and momentum of the object from the previous step to the selected step and clearly explains the connection between laws and principles in the equations and the interaction of the object and force(s) (85%)

Provides equations for describing the transfer of energy and momentum of the object from the previous step to the selected step and explains the connection between laws and principles in the equations and the interaction of the object and force(s), but not all equations are correct or explanation lacks clarity or detail (55%)

Does not provide equations for describing the transfer of energy and momentum of the object from the previous step to the selected step (0%)

7.5

Previous Step: Calculations [PHY-101-01]

Meets “Proficient” criteria and explanation demonstrates nuanced understanding of relationship between calculations and predictions (100%)

Accurately calculates the transfer of energy and momentum from the previous step to the selected step and clearly explains how the calculations can be used to predict the object’s location and velocity (85%)

Calculates the transfer of energy and momentum from the previous step to the selected step and explains how the calculations can be used to predict the object’s location and velocity, but calculations contain inaccuracies or explanation lacks clarity or detail (55%)

Does not calculate the transfer of energy and momentum from the previous step to the selected step (0%)

5.63

Selected Step: Initial Velocity

[PHY-101-02]

Meets “Proficient” criteria and explanation demonstrates deep understanding of relationship between velocity and object’s behavior (100%)

Accurately calculates the initial velocity of the object in the selected step and clearly explains how the initial velocity can be used to analyze the behavior of the object (85%)

Calculates the initial velocity of the object in the selected step and explains how the initial velocity can be used to analyze the behavior of the object but calculation contains inaccuracies or explanation lacks detail or clarity (55%)

Does not calculate the initial velocity of the object in the selected step (0%)

7.5

Selected Step: Equations

[PHY-101-03]

Provides correct, applicable, equations for describing the change in type and amount of energy across the selected step (100%)

Provides equations for describing the change in type and amount of energy across the selected step but not all equations are correct or applicable to energy changes (55%)

Does not provide equations for describing the change in type and amount of energy across the selected step (0%)

7.5

Selected Step: Energy Calculation

[PHY-101-01]

Accurately calculates the amount of energy converted from one form to another using changes in mass and height (100%)

Calculates the amount of energy converted from one form to another using changes in mass and height but with gaps in accuracy (55%)

Does not calculate the amount of energy converted from one form to another using changes in mass and height (0%)

5.62

Selected Step: Velocity and Force

Calculations [PHY-101-01]

Accurately calculates change in velocity and force acting on object (100%)

Calculates change in velocity and force acting on object but with gaps in accuracy (55%)

Does not calculate change in velocity or force acting on object (0%)

5.62

Subsequent Step: Description

[PHY-101-02]

Meets “Proficient” criteria and description demonstrates deep understanding of relationship between principles of conservation and momentum and interaction between steps (100%)

Accurately analyzes behavior of object in the interaction between the selected step and the subsequent step, qualitatively describing the transfer of energy that occurs, and applies principles of conservation of energy and momentum to behavior (85%)

Analyzes behavior of object in the interaction between the selected step and the subsequent step and applies principles of conservation of energy and momentum to behavior but response lacks accuracy, detail, or qualitative description of transfer of energy (55%)

Does not analyze behavior of object in the interaction between the selected step and the subsequent step and does not apply principles of conservation of energy and momentum to behavior (0%)

7.5

Subsequent Step: Equations

[PHY-101-03]

Meets “Proficient” criteria and explanation demonstrates keen insight into connection between physics laws and principles found in equations and interactions among objects and forces (100%)

Provides correct equations for describing the transfer of energy and momentum of the object from the selected step to the subsequent step and clearly explains the connection between laws and principles in the equations and the interaction of the object and force(s) (85%)

Provides equations for describing the transfer of energy and momentum of the object from the selected step to the subsequent step and explains the connection between laws and principles in the equations and the interaction of the object and force(s), but not all equations are correct or explanation lacks clarity or detail (55%)

Does not provide equations for describing the transfer of energy and momentum of the object from the selected step to the subsequent step (0%)

7.5

Subsequent Step: Calculations [PHY-101-01]

Meets “Proficient” criteria and explanation demonstrates nuanced understanding of relationship between calculations and predictions (100%)

Accurately calculates the transfer of energy and momentum from the selected step to the subsequent step and clearly explains how the calculations can be used to predict the object’s location and velocity (85%)

Calculates the transfer of energy and momentum from the selected step to the subsequent step and explains how the calculations can be used to predict the object’s location and velocity, but calculations contain inaccuracies or explanation lacks clarity or detail (55%)

Does not calculate the transfer of energy and momentum from the selected step to the subsequent step (0%)

5.63

Electromagnetic Spectrum: Tool [PHY-101-04]

Meets “Proficient” criteria and tool selection demonstrates nuanced understanding of properties of different regions of the electromagnetic spectrum (100%)

Selects and clearly explains analytical tool that uses electromagnetic waves to measure velocity (85%)

Selects and explains analytical tool but tool does not use electromagnetic waves to measure velocity or explanation lacks detail or clarity (55%)

Does not select and explain analytical tool (0%)

7.5

Electromagnetic Spectrum: Properties

[PHY-101-04]

Meets “Proficient” criteria and description of properties addresses the suitability of selected region relative to other regions (100%)

Comprehensively describes the region of the electromagnetic spectrum that the selected tool uses, including properties that distinguish it from other regions (85%)

Describes the region of the electromagnetic spectrum that the selected tool uses, including properties that distinguish it from other regions, but description is cursory or inaccurate (55%)

Does not describe the region of the electromagnetic spectrum that the selected tool uses (0%)

7.5

Electromagnetic Spectrum:

Configuration [PHY-101-04]

Meets “Proficient” criteria and description demonstrates nuanced understanding of relationship between properties of different regions of the electromagnetic spectrum and tool configuration (100%)

Clearly describes a complete and realistic configuration of the selected tool for measuring the velocity of the object as it moves from step to step (85%)

Describes configuration of the selected tool for measuring the velocity of the object as it moves from step to step but description lacks clarity or is incomplete or unrealistic (55%)

Does not describe configuration of the selected tool for measuring the velocity of the object as it moves from step to step (0%)

7.5

Articulation of Response

Submission is free of errors related to citations, grammar, spelling, syntax, and organization and is presented in a professional and easy-to-read format (100%)

Submission has no major errors related to citations, grammar, spelling, syntax, or organization (85%)

Submission has major errors related to citations, grammar, spelling, syntax, or organization that negatively impact readability and articulation of main ideas (55%)

Submission has critical errors related to citations, grammar, spelling, syntax, or organization that prevent understanding of ideas (0%)

5

Earned Total 100%

PHY 101 Milestone Two Guidelines and Rubric The final project for this course is the creation of an analysis report. For Milestone Three, you will submit Energy and Momentum Analysis of Your Rube Goldberg Device Step. This milestone is due in Module Five. It will provide an additional step towards the completion of the final project. This step should be fully analyzed in the final submission. Your submission will describe qualitatively what is going on and demonstrate the knowledge of how to calculate the values that give a quantitative description of what is going on during the selected step and at the transitions to/from the neighboring steps, using the qualitative description as a starting point. Specifically, the following critical elements must be addressed:

I. Step Selection: Select a step or stage in the Rube Goldberg device. Provide a concise description of the step.

II. Previous Step

A. Description: Analyze the behavior of the object in the interaction between the previous step and the selected step, qualitatively describing the transfer of energy that occurs. Which principles of conservation of energy and momentum can you apply to this behavior?

B. Equations: Provide the equations that can be used to describe the transfer of energy and the momentum of the object from the previous step to the selected step. What is the connection between the basic physics concepts in the equations and the interaction of the object and force(s) from step to step?

C. Calculations: Using the applicable equations you identified, calculate the transfer of energy and the momentum from the previous step to the selected step. How do these calculations help you predict the object’s location and velocity from the previous step to the step you selected?

III. Selected Step

B. Equations: If applicable, provide the equations that can be used to describe the change in type and amount of energy across the selected step. C. Energy Calculation: Calculate the amount of energy that is converted from one form to another form using the changes in mass and height. For

example, if appropriate for your selected step, you could calculate the transformation of potential energy to kinetic energy.

IV. Subsequent Step A. Description: Analyze the behavior of the object in the interaction between the selected step and the subsequent step, qualitatively describing

the transfer of energy that occurs. Which principles of conservation of energy and momentum can you apply to this behavior? B. Equations: Provide the equations that can be used to describe the transfer of energy and the momentum of the object. What is the connection

between the basic physics concepts in the equations and the interaction of the object and force(s) from step to step? C. Calculations: Using the applicable equations you identified, calculate the transfer of energy and the momentum from your selected step to the

subsequent step. How do these calculations help you predict the object’s location and velocity from the step you selected to the subsequent step?

Guidelines for Submission: Submit assignment as a Word document with double spacing, 12-point Times New Roman font, and one-inch margins. Your paper should be 2- to 3-pages.

Rubric

Critical Elements Proficient (100%) Needs Improvement (75%) Not Evident (0%) Value

Step Selection Selects and concisely describes step in Rube Goldberg device

Selects and describes step in Rube Goldberg device but description is wordy or vague

Does not select and describe step in Rube Goldberg device

10

Previous Step: Description

Accurately analyzes behavior of object in the interaction between the previous step and the selected step, qualitatively describing the transfer of energy that occurs, and applies principles of conservation of energy and momentum to behavior

Analyzes behavior of object in the interaction between the previous step and the selected step and applies principles of conservation of energy and momentum to behavior but response lacks accuracy, detail, or qualitative description of transfer of energy

Does not analyze behavior of object in the interaction between the previous step and the selected step and does not apply principles of conservation of energy and momentum to behavior

10

Previous Step: Equations

Provides correct equations for describing the transfer of energy and momentum of the object from the previous step to the selected step and clearly explains the connection between laws and principles in the equations and the interaction of the object and force(s)

Provides equations for describing the transfer of energy and momentum of the object from the previous step to the selected step and explains the connection between laws and principles in the equations and the interaction of the object and force(s), but not all equations are correct or explanation lacks clarity or detail

Does not provide equations for describing the transfer of energy and momentum of the object from the previous step to the selected step

10

Previous Step: Calculations

Accurately calculates the transfer of energy and momentum from the previous step to the selected step and clearly explains how the calculations can be used to predict the object’s location and velocity

Calculates the transfer of energy and momentum from the previous step to the selected step and explains how the calculations can be used to predict the object’s location and velocity, but calculations contain inaccuracies or explanation lacks clarity or detail

Does not calculate the transfer of energy and momentum from the previous step to the selected step

10

Selected Step: Equations

Provides correct, applicable equations for describing the change in type and amount of energy across the selected step

Provides equations for describing the change in type and amount of energy across the selected step but not all equations are correct or applicable to energy changes

Does not provide equations for describing the change in type and amount of energy across the selected step

10

Selected Step: Energy Calculation

Accurately calculates the amount of energy converted from one form to another using changes in mass and height

Calculates the amount of energy converted from one form to another using changes in mass and height but with gaps in accuracy

Does not calculate the amount of energy converted from one form to another using changes in mass and height

10

Subsequent Step: Description

Accurately analyzes behavior of object in the interaction between the selected step and the subsequent step, qualitatively describing the transfer of energy that occurs, and applies principles of conservation of energy and momentum to behavior

Analyzes behavior of object in the interaction between the selected step and the subsequent step and applies principles of conservation of energy and momentum to behavior, but response lacks accuracy, detail, or qualitative description of transfer of energy

Does not analyze behavior of object in the interaction between the selected step and the subsequent step and does not apply principles of conservation of energy and momentum to behavior

10

Subsequent Step: Equations

Provides correct equations for describing the transfer of energy and momentum of the object from the selected step to the subsequent step and clearly explains the connection between laws and principles in the equations and the interaction of the object and force(s)

Provides equations for describing the transfer of energy and momentum of the object from the selected step to the subsequent step and explains the connection between laws and principles in the equations and the interaction of the object and force(s), but not all equations are correct or explanation lacks clarity or detail

Does not provide equations for describing the transfer of energy and momentum of the object from the selected step to the subsequent step

10

Subsequent Step: Calculations

Accurately calculates the transfer of energy and momentum from the selected step to the subsequent step and clearly explains how the calculations can be used to predict the object’s location and velocity

Calculates the transfer of energy and momentum from the selected step to the subsequent step and explains how the calculations can be used to predict the object’s location and velocity, but calculations contain inaccuracies or explanation lacks clarity or detail

Does not calculate the transfer of energy and momentum from the selected step to the subsequent step

10

Articulation of Response

Submission has no major errors related to citations, grammar, spelling, syntax, or organization

Submission has major errors related to citations, grammar, spelling, syntax, or organization that negatively impact readability and articulation of main ideas

Submission has critical errors related to citations, grammar, spelling, syntax, or organization that prevent understanding of ideas

10

Earned Total 100%

2

Rube Goldberg Device

Michael Priebe

Southern New Hampshire Univerasity

PHY-101

Prof Taylor

9/19/2021

Link to the referenced device: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TJEERMFyJLI

In this device, I have selected the motion manifested in the 0.26 – 0.28 second of the illustrated machine. In this motion, the marble is implicated to manifested an initial velocity of 0 m/s before it was triggered to roll along the track (Questacon, 2013, 0.26-0.28). Before this stage, a mutual series of reactions that cause each subsequent step is evident in a concept commonly referred to as the domino effect; the marble’s motion tends to have been caused by the same effect. This step comes into reality as a result of the concept of conservation of momentum and energy, which are fundamental principles that define the operation of this device (Hongting, 2020). The energy and momentum evident in the previous motion is the actual cause of the stationary marble’s motion; the respective energies are transmitted to the next stage that causes the marble to topple; hence it’s rolling.

Since the marble was at rest in the beginning, its initial motion proves to be 0 meters per second; the displacement of the marble was 0 m initially. The marble manifested potential energy initially before it assumed kinetic energy.

Velocity= displacement/ time taken

= 0 m/ 0.26 s

= 0 m/s

The selected track of motion manifests a displacement of 1.2 m and 0.02 seconds. This implies that the final velocity of the marble in the chosen motion is;

Velocity= displacement/ time taken

= 1.2 m / 0.02 s

= 60 m/s

Therefore, the acceleration of the motion is;

= change in velocity/ time taken

= (60 m/s -0 m/s) / 0.02 s

= 3000 m s−2

As provided by Newton’s second law, the force acting on the object is determined as;

F= mass x acceleration

= 0.05 Kg x 3000 m s−2

= 150 N

References

Hongting, N. (2020). Rube Goldberg Machine Report. The Frontiers of Society, Science and Technology2(15).

Questacon. (2013, Sep 20). Rube Goldberg Machine. [Video]. YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TJEERMFyJLI

Order your essay today and save 10% with the discount code ESSAYHELP