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Erich

QD1. If I were to conduct a statewide study of work plans the intentions of nonemployed registered nurses I would favor open-ended questions. Open-ended questions allow people to provide a free-form answer without limitations. Whereas closed-ended questions can be answered within a limited set of possible answers ( Polit & Beck, 2017).

When asking about intentions and work plans it would be difficult to set a limited amount of answers to choose from. Although most answers I would assume would be similar in categories such as change of careers, mental health, looking for a better work environment, etc. There could be circumstances that might require further explanation. Also, there could be options not listed under the close-ended questions (Nieswiadomy & Bailey, 2018)

Open-ended questions can provide more details that could influence the research. These details can help qualify the responses. Although this type of question can tend to be more tedious for responders it would fit the scope of this research (Polit & Beck, 2017). 

Erich

QD2. Quantitative research tends to be the framework most commonly used to analyze data of numeric patterns. Quantitative research uses either intrinsically or imposed data. This type of research allows the ability to find statistical analyses, show relationships, and also compare data. There are various methods used for quantitative research (Polit & Beck, 2017). 

Through this research, a level of measurement refers to the relationship among values that can be given to the attributes of variables. There are four levels of measurement defined as nominal, ordinal, interval, and ratio. These levels are important as they decide how to analyze data. This can tell you what is appropriate for the values that were assigned. These four levels are cumulative (Rutberg & Bouikidis, 2018).

The level of measurement I would prefer to use for quantitative research would be ratio. The ratio scale is numeric in which the number, order, and also the differences between values. This scale has an absolute zero and allows for a range of different statistics. Ratio scales can be calculated without being limited to only addition and subtraction (Rutberg & Bouikidis, 2018).

Yirlem

QD3. Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are prevalent illnesses in patients with indwelling catheters. Research findings indicate that urinary catheterization is one of the leading causes of hospital acquired UTIs because it tends to bypass the body’s protective mechanisms (Norris & Lalchandani, 2018). In such cases, bacteria form a biofilm on the catheter’s surface, thereby making treatment more challenging.

 Older adults with decreased immunologic functions are particularly vulnerable to these infections. In my opinion, healthcare organizations should adopt multidimensional interventions to prevent UTIs in patients with indwelling catheters. In recent years, various interventions have been proposed to address UTIs.

 The most popular strategies for curbing UTIs in patients with indwelling catheters revolve around good hygiene and early detection and treatment (Norris & Lalchandani, 2018). Another popular intervention involves daily assessments of the patient’s indwelling catheter in order to improve early detection and treatment of the condition (Yu et al., 2020). However, studies show that the best approach relies on the use of evidence-based clinical guidelines to improve catheter insertion, maintenance, and removal.

Yirlem

QD4. The patient’s symptoms elicit a classic case of pneumonia. However, other differential diagnoses include myocarditis, pleurisy, and pneumothorax. Therefore, the patient needs a comprehensive lung and thorax assessment to determine the most probable cause of the condition.

Patients with chest and breathing complications need auscultation as the basic chest exam. According to Proctor and Rickards (2020), auscultation entails listening to the audible sounds in the respiratory system during expiration and inspiration. The patient will need additional chest examinations, chest X-rays, and other blood investigations to confirm pneumonia as the accurate diagnosis.

I would enlighten the husband about his wife’s situation by explaining the pathophysiology of pneumonia and informing him that pneumonia is a collective term for syndromes that result in sequelae and inflammations. Norris (2018) defines pneumonia as the inflammation of the lung’s parenchymal structures. Pneumonia also has endogenous and external sources.

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