- 1: Niara Sudarkasa- “The Status of Women” in Indigenous African Societies” PDF
- O. W. Ogbomo and Q. O. Ogbomo – “Women and Society in Pre-colonial Iyede” PDF
- Emmanuelle Bouilly, Ophélie Rillon & Hannah Cross- “African women’s struggles in a gender perspective” PDF
Write down a half-page summary of what you have learnt
2: Women’s Rights and Identities in Pre-colonial Africa
- The Manden Charter
- Florence Ebila – ‘A proper woman, in the African tradition’: The construction of gender and nationalism in Wangari Maathai’s autobiography Unbowed”
Identify how pre colonial African societies protected women’s rights, and discuss the powers women had in some of the societies in the article.