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Florida’s Postsecondary

Education Readiness Test

P.E.R.T.

October 18, 2013

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Table of Contents

Introduction to the P.E.R.T ………………………………………………………………………………………. 3 How the P.E.R.T. Works …………………………………………………………………………………………. 3

P.E.R.T Test-Taking Tips ………………………………………………………………………………………… 4 P.E.R.T. Subject Area Tests……………………………………………………………………………………… 4 What should you expect? …………………………………………………………………………………………. 5 Mathematics: ………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 5 Math Sample Questions: ………………………………………………………………………………………….. 6

Reading: ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 9

Reading Sample Questions: ……………………………………………………………………………………… 9 Writing: ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 14

Writing Sample Questions: …………………………………………………………………………………….. 14

Answer keys: ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 18 Math: …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 18

Reading: ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 19 Writing: ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 20http://www.mccanntesting.com/http://www.college.measuredsuccess.com/

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Introduction to the P.E.R.T

The purpose of Florida’s Postsecondary Education Readiness Test (P.E.R.T.) is to

adequately assess your academic skills in mathematics, reading and writing through the

delivery of three tests, one for each of these areas. The results of these tests are used to

determine your placement into appropriate courses at your college.

You cannot pass or fail the P.E.R.T. – it is only used to determine which courses are best

for you. While it doesn’t impact your grades, we encourage you to take the P.E.R.T.

seriously so that your course placement is accurate.

How the P.E.R.T. Works

The P.E.R.T. assessments are computer-adaptive, which means the questions are chosen

based on your answers to previous questions. You will not be permitted to change your

answer once you have moved on to the next question or leave a question unanswered.

However, all of the P.E.R.T. assessments are untimed so you have as much time as you

need to consider each question before submitting your answer. If you do not know the

answer to a specific question, you are encouraged to try and answer the question by

eliminating one or more of the answer options and then select from the remaining choices.

You will not be allowed to bring a calculator with you; however, for certain questions, a

calculator icon will be available in the bottom left corner of the test for your use. Once the

calculator icon has been clicked on, the electronic calculator will appear as a pop-up in the

middle of your screen. You must use the electronic calculator keyboard to input numbers.

It is a standard 4-function calculator and performs operations in the order you enter them.http://www.mccanntesting.com/http://www.college.measuredsuccess.com/

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Check with your college testing center for what to bring or not to bring with you on test

day.

Your scores on each assessment will be available immediately after you submit and your

college will provide you with the results.

P.E.R.T Test-Taking Tips

 Prepare Take practice exams and study areas of weakness.

 Read the directions carefully When you take the tests, make sure to take your time and carefully follow the

instructions for each question.

 Use reasoning when answering 1. Identify the key phrase in the question. 2. Try to find the correct answer before you read all the choices. 3. Eliminate the choices that you know are not correct. 4. Read all the choices and pick the best answer.

 Review Be sure to review each answer carefully before submitting. You will not be able to

go back to any questions.

P.E.R.T. Subject Area Tests

There are three P.E.R.T. tests, each with 30 questions. The content that is covered is listed

below by subject:

Mathematics:

 Equations–solving linear equations, linear inequalities, quadratic equations and literal equations

 Evaluating algebraic expressions

 Polynomials–factoring, simplifying, adding, subtracting, multiplying, and dividing

 Dividing by monomials and binomials

 Applying standard algorithms or concepts

 Coordinate planes–translate between lines and inspect equations

 Focusing on pairs of simultaneous linear equations in two variables

Reading:

 Discerning and summarizing the most important ideas, events, or information

 Supporting or challenging assertions about the text

 Determining the meaning of words and phrases in context

 Analyzing the meaning, word choices, tone, and organizational structure of the texthttp://www.mccanntesting.com/http://www.college.measuredsuccess.com/

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 Determining the author’s purpose, and the relation of events in the text to one another

 Recognizing relationships within and between sentences

 Analyzing the traits, motivations, and thoughts of individuals in fiction and nonfiction

 Analyzing how two or more texts with different styles, points of view, or arguments address similar topics or themes

 Distinguishing between facts and opinions

 Evaluating reasoning and rhetoric of an argument or explanation

Writing:

 Sustaining focus on a specific topic or argument

 Establishing a topic or thesis

 Demonstrating use of the conventions of standard written English, including grammar, usage, and mechanics

 Supporting and illustrating arguments and explanations

 Developing and maintaining a style and tone

 Synthesizing information from multiple relevant sources

 Conveying complex information clearly and coherently

 Representing and accurately citing data, conclusions, and opinions of others

 Establishing a substantive claim and acknowledging competing arguments or information

 Conceptual and Organizational Skills – recognizing effective transitional devices within the context of a passage

 Word Choice Skills – recognizing commonly confused or misused words and phrases

 Sentence Structure Skills – using modifiers correctly, using coordination and subordination effectively, recognizing parallel structure

 Grammar, Spelling, Capitalization, Punctuation Skills – avoiding inappropriate shifts in verb tense and pronouns; maintaining agreement between pronoun and

antecedent; and using proper case forms, adjectives, and adverbs

What should you expect?

The following section provides an overview of the type of information you will need to

know to perform well on the subject area tests but it is not intended to be a comprehensive

listing of all content to be covered.

Mathematics:

You should review your basic math rules such as, the order of operations, exponents, prime

numbers and percents. Here are a few of the rules to review:http://www.mccanntesting.com/http://www.college.measuredsuccess.com/

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Order of Operations

 work within parentheses

 simplify exponents

 multiplication and division

 addition and subtraction

Exponents

The mathematical notation that notates a variable is multiplied by itself the number of

times indicated by the exponent.

 x 3 = x × x × x

 x 5 = x × x × x × x × x

Prime Numbers

A prime number is defined as an integer that is greater than 1, and has only two positive

factors, 1 and itself. The first ten prime numbers are 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19, 23, and

29.

Percents

The word percent means “hundredths” or a number which is divided by 100.

Converting a number into a percentage involves multiplying the number by 100.

A percent can be determined by performing the division of the part by the total and

multiplying it by 100:

Percent = Part x 100

Total

Math Sample Questions:

1. Which of the following is a solution to the equation c + (4 – 3c) – 2 = 0?

A. -1 B. 0 C. 1 D. 2http://www.mccanntesting.com/http://www.college.measuredsuccess.com/

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0-5-10 105

0-5-10 105

0-5-10 105

0-5-10 105

2. Graph the solution of y – 2 > 1 on a number line.

A.

B.

C.

D.

3. Which of the following is a solution to the equation x 2 – 6x + 5 = 0?

A. x = -5 B. x = -1 C. x =

D. x = 5

4. What is the value of the algebraic expression if x = , y = -1, and z = 2?

6x(y 2 z)

A. -12 B. -6 C. 1 D. 6

5. Which of the following is equivalent to (8 – 5) ÷ 2 3 ?

A.

B.

C.

D.http://www.mccanntesting.com/http://www.college.measuredsuccess.com/

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6. Factor completely:

x 2 – x – 6?

A. (x – 2)(x + 3) B. (x – 1)(x – 6) C. (x + 2)(x – 3) D. (x + 1)(x – 6)

7. Simplify the following expression:

3x 4 y

2

xy 2

A.

B.

C.

D.

8. Which of the following is equivalent to the expression (3ab)(-5ab)?

A. -2ab B. -2a

2 b

2

C. -15ab D. -15a

2 b

2http://www.mccanntesting.com/http://www.college.measuredsuccess.com/

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9. What percent of the grid is shaded?

A. 35% B. 40% C. 45% D. 55%

10. Which of the following is the equation of a line that passes through (-2, -1) and (-4, -3)?

A. y = x + 1

B. y = x + 1 C. y = x – 1

D. y = x – 1

Reading:

Read each passage carefully. Since the test is not timed, take as much time as you need to

read each passage. Each passage may have one or more than questions associated with it. It

is also important to focus on the opening and ending sentences of each paragraph to help

with capturing the main idea of each paragraph. Another strategy is to look for keywords or

key phrases within the passage to help find the answer to questions regarding the author’s

feelings or meaning of the passage.

Reading Sample Questions:

Read the selection and answer the questions that follow.

A Born Artist

Benjamin West was born in a small town near Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in 1738.

Soon after Benjamin’s birth, the family minister paid a visit. “This boy will do greathttp://www.mccanntesting.com/http://www.college.measuredsuccess.com/

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things someday,” the minister said. The minister’s words left the Wests wondering what

might be in store for their son. Then, when Benjamin was seven years old, he drew a

picture of his baby niece. Benjamin’s parents were stunned to see how skilled his

drawing was. Perhaps it is a sign, they thought.

As he grew up, Benjamin drew whenever he could. He especially liked drawing

animals he saw in the fields and woods near his house. One day, as Benjamin was

drawing a robin, three Lenape Indians passed by. They looked at the drawing and, in

their own language, discussed what was wrong with it. Finally, one of the Lenape told

Benjamin in English that the robin’s breast should be red. When Benjamin explained

that he didn’t have any paint, the Lenapes dug some red and yellow clay from the

riverbank and showed him how to make paint from the clay.

Benjamin ran home with his red and yellow paints. When his mother saw how

excited he was, she gave him some blue indigo, which she used to dye wool. Now

Benjamin had the three primary colors, which he could mix to make other paint colors.

But Benjamin still needed a brush. There was no place around to buy one, so Benjamin

decided to make his own. When his parents weren’t looking, he snipped some hair from

his cat’s tail. Then he pressed the hairs to the tip of a goose quill and wound yarn

around the tip to secure the hairs.

The brush worked, but not for long. After it fell apart, Benjamin made more. Soon

Mr. and Mrs. West saw that the family cat was missing great patches of fur. At first

they were furious, but then they softened. They knew that a boy who would go to such

lengths to paint must be special. So they bought Benjamin paints, brushes, and some

canvas.

From these beginnings, Benjamin West became a great and famous painter. In 1763

he moved to England and never returned to America. Although he taught himself to

paint, he was happy to teach younger artists, especially ones who traveled from the

United States to study with him. For this reason, West is often called the father of

American art.

1. Which of the following statements is the best summary of this selection?

A. Benjamin West drew pictures of his niece and a robin. Then he became interested in painting instead.

B. As a young child, Benjamin West loved to draw and paint. He grew up to become a great and famous painter.

C. Benjamin West taught himself to draw. Then some Indian friends and his parents gave him painting supplies.

D. A minister predicted that Benjamin West would do great things someday. His parents soon discovered that Benjamin was special.http://www.mccanntesting.com/http://www.college.measuredsuccess.com/

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2. How is the information in this selection organized?

A. In chronological order B. As a list of problems and solutions C. In a series of questions and answers D. From least important to most important

3. As it is used in this selection, the word secure means —

A. free from danger. B. to take or get. C. sure or certain. D. to fasten or hold tight.

4. The author’s main purpose in writing this selection was to —

A. persuade young artists to keep drawing. B. show that art supplies can be made from everyday things. C. entertain with a story about a young artist. D. inform readers about art long ago.

Read the selection and answer the questions that follow.

King of the Sea

Thor Heyerdahl, a famous adventurer from Norway, could not swim. He nearly

drowned more than once when he was a teenager. For a long time he was afraid of

water. It’s surprising, then, to learn that he spent much of his life sailing delicate boats

on the world’s oceans.

In 1947, Heyerdahl set off on his first great adventure. He hoped to cross the Pacific

Ocean from South America to Polynesia. Heyerdahl thought that early people might

have migrated to Polynesia thousands of years ago by sea. He reasoned that if he could

follow this route in a simple raft, he would show it was possible.

Heyerdahl constructed a raft of balsa wood and set out to cross the Pacific Ocean.

This wood is so light that today it is used for model airplanes. Critics thought the raft

would get waterlogged and sink, but they were wrong. The raft, called the Kon-Tiki,

landed in Polynesia after about 100 days at sea.

On another trip, in 1969, Heyerdahl tried to sail across the Atlantic Ocean from

North Africa to the Caribbean. His first boat for this trip was the Ra; it was made of

reeds. The design was based on ancient drawings found on a wall in Egypt. After thehttp://www.mccanntesting.com/http://www.college.measuredsuccess.com/

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Ra broke apart, Heyerdahl did not give up. A year later, he set off in a new boat, called

the Ra II, and made the 3200-mile trip successfully.

The Norwegian explorer became well known through the books he wrote about his

adventures at sea. His book about the voyage in the Kon-Tiki sold 25 million copies.

Heyerdahl believed that his voyages proved his theory that peoples of long ago

sailed to distant places. This could explain why similar cultures have shown up in

places that were far removed from each other. For example, it could explain why

pyramids are found both in Egypt and in Mexico, even though these countries are on

opposite sides of the world.

Today, experts don’t generally accept Heyerdahl’s voyages as proof of his theories.

Still, he is viewed as a remarkable sea-going explorer, and that’s not bad for a boy who

was once afraid of the water.

5. Which evidence in this selection best supports the theory that people migrated across

the Atlantic Ocean thousands of years ago?

A. Heyerdahl made a raft of balsa wood found in South America. B. The Ra was based on a design from a drawing found in Egypt.

C. Heyerdahl made a boat of reeds, but it broke apart. D. Ancient pyramids have been found in both Mexico and Egypt.

6. In what way were the two voyages described in this selection alike?

A. Heyerdahl used the same boat for both voyages. B. Heyerdahl was trying to prove the same theory on both voyages. C. Both voyages followed the same route. D. Both voyages succeeded on the first attempt.

7. According to this passage, the purpose of Heyerdahl’s first voyage in 1947 was to —

A. sail across the Atlantic Ocean in a reed boat. B. prove you can become famous by sailing long distances. C. learn how to build a simple raft of balsa wood. D. show that the Polynesians could have crossed the Pacific Ocean.http://www.mccanntesting.com/http://www.college.measuredsuccess.com/

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Read the selection and answer the questions that follow.

Sacajawea Saves the Day

The baby squirmed in his basket, and Sacajawea hummed quietly to soothe him. At

three months old, he was a strong, healthy child and was already used to life in the

wilderness. The young mother knew the little boy would soon fall into a peaceful sleep,

lulled by the rocking motion of the river. Sacajawea closed her eyes and rested. She

carried little Pompy on her back night and day, yet she never failed to keep up with her

companions. Under the leadership of Lewis and Clark, she and a large band of men

were on a great journey to explore the western wilderness.

For now, things were going well. Just that morning Sacajawea had found an

abundant supply of edible roots—enough to satisfy the hunger of all the men in the

group. Captain Clark had praised her warmly and recorded the event in his journal. The

men, at first suspicious of the Shoshone woman with the child, now welcomed her as an

important member of the group.

Sacajawea dozed quietly until a sudden clap of thunder awakened her. Rain began

to fall, and a sudden strong wind nearly knocked her over. The boat tipped. Bundles of

supplies slid toward the water. Suddenly the boat overturned, and Sacajawea fell into

the river. She struggled to keep Pompy’s head above the rushing water. Captain Clark

shouted; another man screamed. Sacajawea reached for her son, strapped in the basket

on her back. A wail told her that he was fine, though cold and wet.

The water was not deep, but the current was strong. The men worked frantically to

right the overturned boat. No one but Sacajawea noticed the bundles bobbing in the

water. As they spun farther away from the boat, Sacajawea grabbed an overhanging

branch, and quickly lowered the branch to trap the bundles. When the boat was finally

right-side up, Sacajawea quietly placed the precious bundles inside.

8. Where does this story take place?

A. In Sacajawea’s village B. On a river in the wilderness C. In a mountain pass D. At a fort on the frontier

9. The writer of this selection seems to view Sacajawea with a feeling of —

A. admiration. B. amusement. C. dislike. D. confusion.http://www.mccanntesting.com/http://www.college.measuredsuccess.com/

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10. Which of the following is the best description of the theme of this selection?

A. Only the strong survive. B. A penny saved is a penny earned. C. One person can make a difference. D. Practice makes perfect.

Writing:

Review basic writing rules such as errors in word choice, punctuation and capitalization.

You may want to look over materials on when and how apostrophes and commas should be

used as well as reviewing common sentence structure errors.

Writing Sample Questions:

Read the selection about American astronaut Sally Ride and answer the question.

(1) Some of the greatest success stories in American history began with failure. (2) Take

the case of Sally Ride. (3) When Ride was a young girl in Encino, California, her goal

was to become a professional tennis player. (4) She dropped out of college and practiced

hard to become a tennis pro. (5) In time, she realized that she would never be good

enough to compete with the best tennis players. (6) She returned to college and studied

astrophysics.

(7) One day in 1977, while working on her Ph.D. at Stanford University, Ride read that

NASA was looking for astronauts. (8) She applied and was one of six women accepted

into the space program. (9) Ride trained to be an astronaut longer and harder than she

had ever done anything in her life. (10) By the early 1980s, she was part of the space

shuttle program. (11) In 1983, as a member of the crew of the space shuttle Challenger,

Sally Ride became the first American woman to journey into space.

(12) Ride was getting ready for another mission when the Challenger exploded in 1986,

killing the whole crew. (13) One of them was a New Hampshire high school teacher

named Christa McAuliffe. (14) Ride was appointed to a special commission that

investigated the tragic accident. (15) A year later she retired from NASA and returned to

California, where she taught college. (16) Since then, she has been involved in several

organizations that encourage girls who are interested in science and math.http://www.mccanntesting.com/http://www.college.measuredsuccess.com/

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1. Which sentence does NOT belong in the selection?

A. Sentence 4 B. Sentence 6 C. Sentence 13 D. Sentence 15

2. Choose the word that best completes the sentence.

Harold’s grandmother entertained the families with stories ______ growing up in

Africa, explaining the many differences between her life now and her life back then.

A. about B. within C. between D. throughout

3. Choose the sentences that best support the following topic sentence:

Hay fever is the common name for an allergic reaction to pollen.

A. In my father’s family, allergies are quite common. His sister Jane is allergic to dust, pollen, and mold, as well as foods such as tomatoes and eggplant.

B. It seems that allergic reactions to peanuts and tree nuts are becoming more and more common, too. Many schools have recently banned peanuts and peanut butter

altogether.

C. People who suffer from allergies can check the weather report in our newspaper for the allergen counts. The weather page also includes interesting information about

the phases of the moon and the times of sunrise and sunset.

D. The worst offender is ragweed pollen, which causes many people to suffer from sneezing, runny nose, and itchy eyes from late summer to late fall. Dust and animal

dander may also bring on the symptoms of hay fever.http://www.mccanntesting.com/http://www.college.measuredsuccess.com/

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4. Choose the best order of the sentences in the paragraph.

A. Before long, the storm moved on, and all was quiet again. From my window, I watched bright lightning bolts streak across the sky. After each lightning flash, the

thunder boomed loudly. Last night a powerful thunderstorm rolled through our

town.

B. From my window, I watched bright lightning bolts streak across the sky. Last night a powerful thunderstorm rolled through our town. Before long, the storm moved on,

and all was quiet again. After each lightning flash, the thunder boomed loudly.

C. Last night a powerful thunderstorm rolled through our town. From my window, I watched bright lightning bolts streak across the sky. After each lightning flash, the

thunder boomed loudly. Before long, the storm moved on, and all was quiet again.

D. After each lightning flash, the thunder boomed loudly. Before long, the storm moved on, and all was quiet again. Last night a powerful thunderstorm rolled

through our town. From my window, I watched bright lightning bolts streak across

the sky.

5. Choose the sentence that is written correctly.

A. Roasted with garlic, Abby decided to order the potatoes with dinner. B. Abby decided to order the roasted garlic potatoes with dinner. C. Deciding to order with dinner, the roasted garlic potatoes were what Abby decided

on.

D. Ordered with dinner, Abby decided on the roasted garlic potatoes.

6. In researching granite, a research paper is located that includes the following

information:

Granite is a hard, coarse rock. It is formed by the slow cooling of magma under the

earth’s surface. The main minerals in granite are quartz and feldspar. It contains smaller

amounts of mica and hornblende.

Granite’s hardness makes it a popular building stone. It can be polished to a shiny finish

and will stand up to centuries of weathering.

Which of the following notes should be taken to reference what granite is made of?

A. Granite is hard and coarse. B. Granite forms under the surface of the earth. C. Granite can be polished and is a popular building stone. D. Granite contains quartz, feldspar, mica, and hornblende.http://www.mccanntesting.com/http://www.college.measuredsuccess.com/

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7. Choose the word or words that best complete the sentence.

Until it was actually mapped, only a few people ________ the true location of the

tunnel.

A. knew B. had known C. have known D. will know

8. Choose the word that best completes the sentence.

Janine claims that Gary and ______ saw the meteorite while camping in the mountains

last night.

A. she B. he C. her D. him

9. Which of the following sentences is written correctly?

A. Each member of the jury is permitted to talk about the case, but it must do so only in the company of the other jurors.

B. Each member of the jury is permitted to talk about the case, but they must do so only in the company of the other jurors.

C. Each member of the jury is permitted to talk about the case, but we must do so only in the company of the other jurors.

D. Each member of the jury is permitted to talk about the case, but he or she must do so only in the company of the other jurors.

10. Choose the word or words that best complete the sentence.

Due to library policy, patrons must set cell phones to vibrate and speak ________ in

conversation.

A. quieter B. more quiet C. quietly D. more quieterhttp://www.mccanntesting.com/http://www.college.measuredsuccess.com/

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Answer keys:

Math:

Sequence Competency Description Key

1 Solve linear equations in one variable using

manipulations guided by the rules of arithmetic and the

properties of equality.

C

2 Solve linear inequalities in one variable and graph the

solution set on a number line.

B

3 Solve quadratic equations in one variable by factoring. D

4 Evaluates algebraic expressions. D

5 Applies the order-of-operations to evaluate algebraic

expressions, including those with parentheses and

exponents.

A

6 Factor polynomial expressions. C

7 Simplifies an expression with integer exponents. A

8 Add, subtract, multiply, and divide polynomials.

Division by monomials and binomials.

D

9 Know when and how to apply standard algorithms or

concepts, and perform them flexibly, accurately and

efficiently.

C

10 Translate fluently between lines in the coordinate plane

and their equations. Include predicting visual features

of lines by inspection of their equations, determining

the equation of the line through two given points, and

determining the equation of the line with a given slope

passing through a given point.

Bhttp://www.mccanntesting.com/http://www.college.measuredsuccess.com/

800 Township Line Road, Suite 300, Yardley, PA 19067 Toll Free: 866.933.0508

Fax: 267.756.1440 www.mccanntesting.com

college.measuredsuccess.com

© Copyright McCann Associates 2011. All Rights Reserved

19

Reading:

Sequence Competency Description Key

1 Discern the most important ideas, events, or

information, and summarize them accurately and

concisely.

B

2 Analyze how the text’s organizational structure

presents the argument, explanation, or narrative.

A

3 Determine what is meant by words and phrases in

context, including connotative meanings and figurative

language.

D

4 Determines the author’s purpose. C

5 Support or challenge assertions about the text by citing

evidence in the text explicitly and determine what can

be inferred logically from the text.

D

6 Analyze how specific details and larger portions of the

text contribute to the meaning of the text.

B

7 Determine what the text says explicitly. D

8 Determine when, where, and why events unfold in the

text, and explain how they relate to one another.

B

9 Recognizes tone. A

10 Delineate the main ideas or themes in the text and the

details that elaborate and support them.

Chttp://www.mccanntesting.com/http://www.college.measuredsuccess.com/

800 Township Line Road, Suite 300, Yardley, PA 19067 Toll Free: 866.933.0508

Fax: 267.756.1440 www.mccanntesting.com

college.measuredsuccess.com

© Copyright McCann Associates 2011. All Rights Reserved

20

Writing:

Sequence Competency Description Key

1 Sustain focus on a specific topic or argument. C

2 Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard

written English, including grammar, usage, and

mechanics.

A

3 Support and illustrate arguments and explanations with

relevant details, examples, and evidence.

D

4 Create a logical progression of ideas or events, and

convey the relationships among them.

C

5 Sentence Structure Skills: Places modifiers correctly. B

6 Use varied sentence structures to engage the reader and

achieve cohesion between sentences.

D

7 Grammar, Spelling, Capitalization, Punctuation Skills:

Avoids inappropriate shifts in verb tense.

B

8 Grammar, Spelling, Capitalization, Punctuation Skills:

Maintains agreement between pronoun and antecedent.

A

9 Grammar, Spelling, Capitalization, Punctuation Skills:

Avoids inappropriate pronoun shifts.

D

10 Grammar, Spelling, Capitalization, Punctuation Skills:

Uses adjectives and adverbs correctly.

Chttp://www.mccanntesting.com/http://www.college.measuredsuccess.com/

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