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BCO114 ACCOUNTING I Task brief & rubrics

Task: Final Assessment

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• This is an assignment to be done individually.

• You must answer all the questions in the proposed problem.

• Submission file format: Word document with all the answers, clearly identifying all steps, results, journals, ledger accounts and including comments

when requested.

Submission: Week 8– Via Moodle (Turnitin). Deadline: 18 July 2021 at 23:59.

Weight: This task is a 60% of your total grade for this subject.

This task assesses the following learning outcomes:

• Understand how merchandising companies operate and the basic difference between the two systems of keeping inventory: perpetual and periodic.

• Understand how to apply cash discounts.

• Learn the different types of financial assets and their accounting treatment.

• Understand the different cost flow assumptions for evaluating the COGS and be able to determine which system is adequate for the business.

Problem 1 (30 points) Kitchen Delight, Inc. sells kitchen cabinets. On December 31, 2020, Harris’ inventory amounted to $900,000. During the first week of January 2020, the company made the following transactions: Jan. 5 Purchased 100 cabinets from Kitchen Empire. The total cost of this purchase was $82,000, terms 3/10, n/60. Jan. 10 Sold 70 cabinets on account to Harold’s, Inc. The total sales price was $70,400, terms 5/10, n/90. The total cost of these 70 units to Kitchen Delight was $30,000 (net of the purchase discount). Jan. 12 Kitchen Delight, Inc. paid the amount due to Kitchen Empire in order not to lose the discount. March 2 Harold’s Inc. returned 15 of the 70 cabinets it had purchased from Kitchen Delight, Inc. on January 10. March 3 Harold’s pays the full amount due to Kitchen Delight, Inc. .

Kitchen Delight, Inc. has a full-time accountant and a computer-based accounting system. The business records sales at the gross sales price (does not apply discount) and purchases at net cost (discount included). Instructions

a. Briefly describe the operating cycle of a merchandising company. (5 points) b. Prepare journal entries to record these transactions, assuming Kitchen Delight, Inc. uses a perpetual inventory system. (10 points) c. Prepare journal entries to record the transactions, assuming Kitchen Delight, Inc. uses a periodic inventory system. (10 points) d. Which type of inventory system do you think Kitchen Delight, Inc. would most likely use? Explain your reasoning. (5 points)

Problem 2 (15 points)

Accounts receivable turnover rate

During 2019, Larsen Company’s accounts receivable averaged $750,000. Larsen’s 2019 income statement reported net sales of $6,780,000, and

net income of $768,000. (Assume 365 days in a year.)

Using the information, compute the following for Larsen Company:

1. Accounts receivable turnover: (Round to the nearest two decimals.) (5 points)

2. Average number of days to collect accounts receivable (round to nearest day, if necessary) (5 points)

3. What does the accounts receivable turnover rate and the number of days to collect receivables indicate in terms of company liquidity? (5 points)

Problem 3 (25 points)

On March 31, the balance of the Cash account according to the records of Fisher Company was $7,261. The March 31 bank statement showed

a balance of $8,798. You are to prepare the bank reconciliation of Fisher Company at March 31, using the following supplementary information:

(a.) Deposit in transit at March 31, $6,772.

(b.) Outstanding checks: no. 120, $140; no. 121, $932; no. 127, $307; no. 134, $2,200.

(c.) Service charge by bank, $50.

(d.) A note receivable for $5,050 left by Fisher Company with bank for collection that had been collected and credited to company’s account. No

interest involved.

(e.) A check for $90 drawn by a customer, Stuart Sands, but deducted from Fisher’s account by the bank and returned with the notation “NSF.”

(f.) Fisher’s check no. 480, issued in payment of $970 worth of office equipment, correctly written in the amount of $970 but erroneously recorded in

Fisher’s accounting records as $790.

Problem 4 (30 points)

Canfield uses a perpetual inventory system. The company’s beginning inventory of a particular product and its purchases during the month of January

were as follows:

Quantity Unit Cost Total Cost

Beginning inventory (Jan. 1) …………………………………….. 50 $6 $300

Purchase (Jan. 10) ………………………………………………….. 25 $7 $175

Purchase (Jan. 22) ………………………………………………….. 25 $8 $200

Total ……………………………………………………………… 100 $675

On January 25, Canfield sells 55 units of this product. The other 45 units remain in inventory at January 31.

a Determine the cost of goods sold using each of the following flow assumptions:(5 points each)

(1) LIFO $_____________

(2) FIFO $_____________

(3) Average cost $_____________

b Determine the cost of the 45 units in inventory at January 31 using each of the following flow assumptions (5 points each)

(1) LIFO $_____________

(2) FIFO $_____________

(3) Average cost $_____________


Exceptional 90-100 Good 80-89 Fair 70-79 Marginal fail 60-69

Knowledge & Understanding


Student demonstrates excellent understanding of key concepts and technical vocabulary used.

Student demonstrates good understanding of the task and mentions some relevant concepts and demonstrates use of the relevant vocabulary.

Student understands the task and provides minimum theory and/or some use of vocabulary.

Student understands the task and attempts to answer the question but does not mention key concepts or uses minimum amount of relevant vocabulary. Shows lack of study.

Application (30%) Student applies fully relevant knowledge from the topics delivered in class.

Student applies mostly relevant knowledge from the topics delivered in class.

Student applies some relevant knowledge from the topics delivered in class. Misunderstanding may be evident.

Student applies little relevant knowledge from the topics delivered in class. Misunderstandings are evident.

Critical Thinking (30%)

Student critically assesses in excellent ways, drawing outstanding conclusions from material learned.

Student critically assesses in good ways, drawing conclusions from relevant topics learned in class.

Student provides some insights but stays on the surface of the topic. References may not be relevant.

Student makes little or no critical thinking insights and is unable to show having assimilated the concepts dealt with in class.

Communication (20%)

Student communicates their ideas extremely clearly and concisely, providing accurate and clear explanations required.

Student communicates their ideas clearly and concisely.

Student communicates their ideas with some clarity and concision.

Student communicates their ideas in a somewhat unclear and unconcise way. Conceptual and numeric errors are evident.

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