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1.

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Question 1

10 Points

Macronutrients derives from the Greek prefix makro-, which means which of the following?

1.

Small

2.

Large

3.

Far

4.

Near

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2.

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Question 2

10 Points

The primary function of a macronutrient is to do which of the following?

1.

Support brain development

2.

Regulate blood sugar

3.

Provide energy

4.

Reduce cholesterol

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3.

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Question 3

10 Points

What is the name of the biomolecule comprised of amino acids?

1.

Protein

2.

Carbohydrate

3.

Lipid

4.

Vitamin

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4.

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Question 4

10 Points

Complex carbohydrates are comprised of which of the following?

1.

Disaccharides

2.

Oligosaccharides

3.

Polysaccharides

4.

All of the above

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5.

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Question 5

10 Points

For the average adult, the United States Department of Agriculture recommends how many grams of protein intake per day?

1.

20 grams

2.

60 grams

3.

100 grams

4.

75 grams

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Question 6

10 Points

Proteins provide an important dietary source of which mineral element?

1.

Phosphorous

2.

Nitrogen

3.

Potassium

4.

Calcium

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Question 7

10 Points

Which of the following fats are the most dangerous to the human body when present in excess?

1.

Saturated fats

2.

Polyunsaturated fats

3.

Trans fats

4.

Monounsaturated fats

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Question 8

10 Points

The mixture of food and digestive juices is referred to as which of the following?

1.

Chyme

2.

Digesta

3.

Both a and b

4.

Neither a nor b

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Question 9

10 Points

Digestion of macronutrients begins in which organ of the gastrointestinal tract?

1.

Mouth

2.

Esophagus

3.

Stomach

4.

Small intestine

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Question 10

10 Points

Microvilli of the small intestine play an important role in digestion by doing which of the following?

1.

Increasing absorptive surface area

2.

Improving blood circulation

3.

Filtering our impurities from the food

4.

Adding microbes to the chyme matter

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Question 11

10 Points

The majority of water and electrolytes are absorbed in which segment in the gastrointestinal tract?

1.

Mouth

2.

Stomach

3.

Large intestine

4.

Esophagus

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Question 12

10 Points

What is the process that makes the peptide bonds of proteins available to digestive enzymes?

1.

Digestion

2.

Denaturation

3.

Peptidase

4.

Hydrolyzing

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Question 13

10 Points

Non-digestible carbohydrates are most commonly referred to as which of the following?

1.

Glycogen

2.

Amylase

3.

Maltose

4.

Dietary fiber

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Question 14

10 Points

Because bile salts are important lipolytic enzymes, fat digestion relies on which of the following accessory organs?

1.

Small intestine

2.

Pancreas

3.

Liver

4.

Salivary glands

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Question 15

10 Points

The regulation of the gastrointestinal response is done via which of the following?

1.

Hormonal interactions

2.

Neural interactions

3.

Hormonal and neural interactions

4.

Neural and electrical interactions

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