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Special educators have the important task of creating and implementing lesson plans that effectively differentiate instruction, meet student needs, and are aligned to appropriate state standards. Planning effective language arts lessons includes accommodating all students, incorporating interesting materials, and meeting standards and student IEP objectives. It is essential to model pre-reading, during reading, and after reading metacognitive strategies and to incorporate cross-curricular content areas in reading and language arts lessons.

Using the “COE Lesson Plan Template,” create a cross-curricular lesson plan that incorporates a picture walk and is specific to the needs of students in the “Class Profile.” Select a K-3 grade level and align your lesson to the Arizona or other state academic content standards. Using an appropriate non-fiction picture book, incorporate the following into your lesson plan:

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  • Pre-reading strategies and activities
  • During reading strategies and activities
  • Vocabulary development
  • Interactive differentiation activities
  • After reading activities and strategies
  • Written language and oral language activities

In addition, rationalize your instructional choices in a 250-500 word reflection, citing appropriateness for students detailed in the “Class Profile.” Explain how you will use your findings in your future professional practice.

Class Profile for Resource or Self-Contained Special Education

Student NameSocioeconomicStatusEthnicityGenderIEP IdentificationReadingPerformance LevelMath PerformanceLevelResource: Reading, Math, or BothInternet Availableat Home
ArturoMid SESHispanicMaleASD high functioning: Developmentally delayed in verbal communication, written expression, and social interactions.One year below grade levelAt grade levelReadingNo
BertieLow SESAsianFemaleOther health impairment (OHI) ADHD: Difficulty with task completion, focus, and multi-step assignments.One year below grade levelOne year below grade levelBothYes
DeniseMid SESWhiteFemaleEmotional disturbance severe anxiety disorder: Difficulty with initiating tasks, multi-step problems, test-taking, speaking, and social interactions.One year below grade levelOne year below grade levelBoth (Math mostly for multi-step problems)Yes
SophiaLow SESWhiteFemaleVisual impairment (partial sight loss): Difficulty following teacher instruction by reading whiteboard, expressing tasks for assessment, difficulty with reading comprehension, and requires use of assistive devices such as Braille.One year below grade levelOne year below grade levelBothNo
VictoriaMid SESAsianFemaleOther health impairment (OHI) ADHD: Difficulty with task completion, executive functioning, working memory, and managing emotions.At grade levelOne year below grade levelBoth (Reading mostly for task completion and focus)Yes
WilliamLow SESWhiteMaleOther health impairment (OHI) ADHD, dyslexia, and speech impairment: Difficulty organizing thoughts for communication (fluency), verbal stutter, task completion, reversing letters, difficulty with reading comprehension, and hyper focuses.Two years below grade levelOne year below grade levelBothNo

Self-Contained Special Education (Mild to Moderate)

Student NameSocioeconomicStatusEthnicityGenderIEP IdentificationReadingPerformance LevelMath PerformanceLevelInternet Availableat Home
EduardoLow SESHispanicMaleASD: Difficulty with daily routines and self-help, verbal communication, social interactions, social-emotional reciprocity, and exhibits repetitive actions.One year below grade levelTwo years below grade levelNo
JadeMid SESAfrican AmericanFemaleLanguage processing disorder: Moderate difficulty gaining meaning from spoken language as well as frustration with speaking, poor reading comprehension, and difficulty with memory retention.Two years below grade levelTwo years below grade levelYes
KendylMid SESWhiteFemaleASD and moderate multiple disabilities (sensory impairment and cognition and adaptive skills delays): Difficulty with expression. Difficulty with fine and gross motor skills and communications and social interactions.Two years below grade levelOne year below grade levelYes
ParkerLow SESWhiteMaleEmotional disturbance oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) and dyscalculia: Aggressive towards others, defies and refuses to comply with many tasks, difficulty with task completion and social interactions. Difficulty with memory of math facts, visual memory, and visual-spatial discrimination and processing.Two years below grade levelTwo years below grade levelNo
RandyMid SESNative AmericanMaleScoliosis and asymmetrical tonic neck reflex (ATNR): Difficulty with verbal communication, hand-eye coordination, visual tracking, and balance.Two years below grade levelTwo years below grade levelYes
SheilaLow SESWhiteFemaleCerebral palsy and mild intellectual disability: In a wheelchair for most of the day; other times uses crutches/braces. Somewhat limited fine and gross motor skills that affect her ability to keep up with the pace of a general education classroom. Difficulty with reading comprehension and processing information to solve multi-step math problems.One year below grade levelOne year below grade levelNo

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 GCU College of Education

LESSON PLAN TEMPLATE

Section 1: Lesson Preparation

Teacher Candidate Name:
Grade Level:
Date:
Unit/Subject:
Instructional Plan Title:
Lesson Summary and Focus:In 2-3 sentences, summarize the lesson, identifying the central focus based on the content and skills you are teaching.
Classroom and Student Factors/Grouping:Describe the important classroom factors (demographics and environment) and student factors (IEPs, 504s, ELLs, students with behavior concerns, gifted learners), and the effect of those factors on planning, teaching, and assessing students to facilitate learning for all students. This should be limited to 2-3 sentences and the information should inform the differentiation components of the lesson.
National/State Learning Standards:Review national and state standards to become familiar with the standards you will be working with in the classroom environment.Your goal in this section is to identify the standards that are the focus of the lesson being presented. Standards must address learning initiatives from one or more content areas, as well as align with the lesson’s learning targets/objectives and assessments.Include the standards with the performance indicators and the standard language in its entirety.
Specific Learning Target(s)/Objectives:Learning objectives are designed to identify what the teacher intends to measure in learning. These must be aligned with the standards. When creating objectives, a learner must consider the following:· Who is the audience· What action verb will be measured during instruction/assessment· What tools or conditions are being used to meet the learningWhat is being assessed in the lesson must align directly to the objective created. This should not be a summary of the lesson, but a measurable statement demonstrating what the student will be assessed on at the completion of the lesson. For instance, “understand” is not measureable, but “describe” and “identify” are.For example:Given an unlabeled map outlining the 50 states, students will accurately label all state names.
Academic LanguageIn this section, include a bulleted list of the general academic vocabulary and content-specific vocabulary you need to teach. In a few sentences, describe how you will teach students those terms in the lesson.
Resources, Materials, Equipment, and Technology:List all resources, materials, equipment, and technology you and the students will use during the lesson. As required by your instructor, add or attach copies of ALL printed and online materials at the end of this template. Include links needed for online resources.

Section 2: Instructional Planning

Anticipatory SetYour goal in this section is to open the lesson by activating students’ prior knowledge, linking previous learning with what they will be learning in this lesson and gaining student interest for the lesson. Consider various learning preferences (movement, music, visuals) as a tool to engage interest and motivate learners for the lesson.In a bulleted list, describe the materials and activities you will use to open the lesson. Bold any materials you will need to prepare for the lesson.For example:· I will use a visual of the planet Earth and ask students to describe what Earth looks like.· I will record their ideas on the white board and ask more questions about the amount of water they think is on planet Earth and where the water is located.Time Needed
Multiple Means of RepresentationLearners perceive and comprehend information differently. Your goal in this section is to explain how you would present content in various ways to meet the needs of different learners. For example, you may present the material using guided notes, graphic organizers, video or other visual media, annotation tools, anchor charts, hands-on manipulatives, adaptive technologies, etc.In a bulleted list, describe the materials you will use to differentiate instruction and how you will use these materials throughout the lesson to support learning. Bold any materials you will need to prepare for the lesson.For example:· I will use a Venn diagram graphic organizer to teach students how to compare and contrast the two main characters in the read-aloud story.· I will model one example on the white board before allowing students to work on the Venn diagram graphic organizer with their elbow partner.Explain how you will differentiate materials for each of the following groups:· English language learners (ELL):· Students with special needs:· Students with gifted abilities:· Early finishers (those students who finish early and may need additional resources/support):Time Needed
Multiple Means of EngagementYour goal for this section is to outline how you will engage students in interacting with the content and academic language. How will students explore, practice, and apply the content? For example, you may engage students through collaborative group work, Kagan cooperative learning structures, hands-on activities, structured discussions, reading and writing activities, experiments, problem solving, etc.In a bulleted list, describe the activities you will engage students in to allow them to explore, practice, and apply the content and academic language. Bold any activities you will use in the lesson. Also, include formative questioning strategies and higher order thinking questions you might pose.For example:· I will use a matching card activity where students will need to find a partner with a card that has an answer that matches their number sentence.· I will model one example of solving a number sentence on the white board before having students search for the matching card.· I will then have the partner who has the number sentence explain to their partner how they got the answer.Explain how you will differentiate activities for each of the following groups:· English language learners (ELL):· Students with special needs:· Students with gifted abilities:· Early finishers (those students who finish early and may need additional resources/support):Time Needed
Multiple Means of ExpressionLearners differ in the ways they navigate a learning environment and express what they know. Your goal in this section is to explain the various ways in which your students will demonstrate what they have learned. Explain how you will provide alternative means for response, selection, and composition to accommodate all learners. Will you tier any of these products? Will you offer students choices to demonstrate mastery? This section is essentially differentiated assessment.In a bulleted list, explain the options you will provide for your students to express their knowledge about the topic. For example, students may demonstrate their knowledge in more summative ways through a short answer or multiple-choice test, multimedia presentation, video, speech to text, website, written sentence, paragraph, essay, poster, portfolio, hands-on project, experiment, reflection, blog post, or skit. Bold the names of any summative assessments.Students may also demonstrate their knowledge in ways that are more formative. For example, students may take part in thumbs up-thumbs middle-thumbs down, a short essay or drawing, an entrance slip or exit ticket, mini-whiteboard answers, fist to five, electronic quiz games, running records, four corners, or hand raising.Underline the names of any formative assessments.For example:Students will complete a one-paragraph reflection on the in-class simulation they experienced. They will be expected to write the reflection using complete sentences, proper capitalization and punctuation, and utilize an example from the simulation to demonstrate their understanding. Students will also take part in formative assessments throughout the lesson, such as thumbs up-thumbs middle-thumbs down and pair-share discussions, where you will determine if you need to re-teach or re-direct learning.Explain how you will differentiate assessments for each of the following groups:· English language learners (ELL):· Students with special needs:· Students with gifted abilities:· Early finishers (those students who finish early and may need additional resources/support):Time Needed
Extension Activity and/or HomeworkIdentify and describe any extension activities or homework tasks as appropriate. Explain how the extension activity or homework assignment supports the learning targets/objectives. As required by your instructor, attach any copies of homework at the end of this template.Time Needed

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