+1 (208) 254-6996 [email protected]
  

Directions

Flexible Budget Performance Report Project   You and your partner will each work on this project on your own laptops, using each other for resources while completing the assignment. In the end, you will Turn in ONE project per team. If you or your partner feels you did not share equally in the work, email me for a possible grade adjustment. Otherwise, you will both receive the same grade. Upload your completed project to Canvas using “Flex Budget_Last Name ID#_Last name ID# “ as the file name. Kelsey’s Frozen Confectionaries buys and distributes single-serve ice cream treats to convenience stores, ballparks, and amusement parks. In this project, you will create 1) a master budget performance report, and 2) a flexible budget performance report for Kelsey’s Frozen Confectionaries. Your performance reports should be developed in such a way that any changes to the original assumptions will correctly ripple through the entire spreadsheet. After developing the performance reports, you will answer questions about the variances and determine whether the variances are consistent with management’s explanation about operational changes that took place during the period.  

Part 1) DIRECTIONS for Master Budget Performance Report:   1) Use the budget assumptions, along with Excel formulas, to populate the Master Budget column. Note: Your formulas must work such that if ANY of the budget assumptions change, the new assumptions ripple through the entire budget. Part of your grade will be based on whether you correctly formulate the cells. Do NOT TYPE A NUMBER IN ANY CELL!!!   2) Use a formula to calculate the “variance” in cell H7: (Actual – Budget). Copy and paste (or use the fill handle to drag) the formula to the rest of the cells in the column. Leave as positive or negative, rather than absolute values.   3) Use a formula to calculate the “Variance percentage”. NOTE: The percentage is the variance as a percent of the Master Budget. Copy and paste (or drag) the formula to the rest of the cells in the column   4) Format cells appropriately. Attention to detail makes a report look more professional. (For example, percentages shown as %, dollar signs using the accounting or currency format, underlines and double underlines where appropriate, zero decimal places for dollar amounts, etc.,).   5) Use the “If” statement function to show the variances as U or F. The “If” statement can be found under “Formulas, Logical”. Example: =IF(H7>=0,”F”,”U”). This formula means: If cell H7>0 or H7=0, then mark as “F”; If not greater than or equal to 0, mark as “U”. Be careful with revenues and expense variances since they should be opposite of one another. ALSO- The formula you use should mark any variance of “0” as an “F” since a zero variance means that budget expectations have been met. After using the function, check each line to make sure it is going in the direction you believe it should go.   6) Check your answers using the following check figures: Budgeted CM= $301,000; Budgeted Op Inc. = $211,000; Variance for Commissions = $8,685; Variance percentage for Commissions = 17.4 %, Unfavorable.   7) Use management by exception to determine which variances to investigate. HINT: In column K, use the “If function”, along with “Absolute value function” to find the variances that are larger than the decision rule. Also, since the decision rule is in B21 and you want Excel to always compare to B21, you need to make it an absolute reference: $B$21. For example, =IF(ABS(I7)>($B$21),”yes”,”no”). After using the function, check each line to see whether your formula worked properly. 8) Use the Conditional Formatting feature to automatically highlight any variance that says “yes” to investigate. First, select all of the answers in the “investigate?” column with your cursor. Next select “Conditional formatting” from the home tab on the ribbon. From the drop-down choices select “highlight cells rules” then “Text that contains….”. A dialogue box will open. Type in “yes” as the text you want. Leave the default highlight color, or choose a different color from the options listed. Then click OK. Notice how every cell containing “yes” is now highlighted! 9) Center the U/F and Yes/No in the middle of the columns for easier readability.   10) Now check to see if everything ripples through the budget if you change an assumption. Try changing the assumed sales volume to 20,500 and Shipping expense to $2.10 per case. You should have a new total variance for operating income of $21,287, 9.8% variance, F, No.   11) Change the sales volume assumption back to $20,000 and the shipping expense assumption back to $2.00 before continuing.

Don't use plagiarized sources. Get Your Custom Essay on
Flexible Budget Project
Just from $13/Page
Order Essay

Part 2) DIRECTIONS for Flexible Budget Performance Report:   1) Copy and Paste all of the line items (account names) from the master budget performance report into the Flexible Budget Performance report.   2) Copy and Paste all of the actual figures to the actual column of the Flexible Budget Performance report.   3) Formulate the Master Budget figures by referencing the appropriate cells in the master budget performance report (e.g.=B7). By doing so, if any assumptions change, they will ripple through BOTH performance reports.   4) Build the Flexible Budget by using the ACTUAL SALES VOLUME achieved along with the original budget assumptions. This is very similar to building a master budget, except you are using actual sales volume. Assume the actual sales volume achieved is in the same relevant range as the original budget assumptions. 5) Try using the “accounting” or “currency” settings to get dollar signs, commas, and brackets on negative numbers. Add underlines and double underlines as needed. Remove any decimals.   6) Head the appropriate column for the Volume Variance and then use Excel formulas to populate the cells in that column (e.g., +H33-J33). Once you get the first cell done, copy and paste (or drag) the formula to the other cells.   7) Head the appropriate column for the Flexible Budget Variance and then use Excel formulas to populate the cells in that column (e.g. +F33-H33). Again, copy and paste the formulas to the other cells.   8) Use the following check figures to check your formulas so far: Shipping Expense: $44,213 $1,293 $42,920 $2,920 $40,000 9) Format cells appropriately. Attention to detail makes a report look more professional. (For example, dollar signs using the accounting or currency format, underlines and double underlines where appropriate, zero decimal places for dollar amounts, etc.,). 10) To save time, we won’t add the U and F designations to the flexible budget performance report. However, you’ll need to mentally figure out which way they go. The interpretation of the volume variance is a little problematic because it compares two budgets, rather than budget vs. actual. HINT: Think of the MASTER BUDGET as the company’s target when determining whether the volume variance should be designated as a U or F. 11) Complete worksheet: Analysis- page 1. 12) Complete worksheet: Analysis- page 2. 13) Check report against grading rubric before submitting your project on Canvas.

Performance Report

Budget assumptions:Kelsey’s Frozen Confectionaries
Master Budget Performance Report
Volume20,000casesFor the month ended June 30
Sales Revenue$ 50.00per case
Percent sold on credit90%percent of salesACTUALMASTER BUDGETVARIANCEVAR. %F or UInvestigate?
Volume (in cases)21,460
Variable Expenses:
CGS$ 30.00per caseSales Revenue$ 1,131,020
Sales Commission$ 2.50per caseLess Variable Expenses:
Shipping Expense$ 2.00per caseCost of Goods Sold$ 682,880
Bad Debt Expense1.00%percent of credit salesSales Commissions$ 58,685
Shipping Expense$ 44,213
Fixed Monthly Expenses:Bad debt expense$ 16,930
Salaries$ 40,000Contribution Margin$ 328,312
Lease on Distribution center$ 17,000Less Fixed Expenses:
Depreciation on fleet & Equip$ 12,000Salaries$ 43,000
Advertising$ 10,000Lease on Distn center$ 15,500
Office rent, phone, internet$ 11,000Deprec. on fleet/equip$ 12,000
Advertising$ 7,750
Management by exception15%Investigation ruleOffice rent, phone, net$ 12,300
Operating Income$ 237,762
Kelsey’s Frozen Confectionaries
Fexible Budget Performance Report
For the month ended June 30
ACTUALFLEXIBLE BUDGETMASTER BUDGET

HINTS on EXCEL: 1) If you get a series of hashmarks (######) it just means your column width is not wide enough to accomodate the number. Increase column width and/or delete extra decimal places. 2. To add numbers, put your cursor on the cell where you want the answer to be. Then keystroke the addition sign (+) and then click on the cell you want add, then keystroke the addition sign again (+) and click on the second cell you want to add. Continue in the same fashion for multiple cells. Use the subtraction sign (-) for subtracting cells. If you have an array of cells to add, you can use the AutoSum button. 3. To multiply, use the * symbol. To divide, use the / symbol. 4. Make use of copy/paste commands (or the fill handle) when you want similar forumulas in different cells. 5. Always check the logic of your results after entering formulas to make sure the spreadsheet is doing what you really want it to do.

NOTE: The most common mistake in this project involves the F/U formulas (Step 5 of the directions). Remember, revenues and expenses go in opposite directions, so your formula needs to be adjusted for that fact. Also, be sure any variance of $0 would be would end up being shown as a favorable variance. . Finally, think about which direction CM and Operating income should go: the same direction as revenue, or the same direction as expenses?

Analysis- page 1

Answer the following questions (dollar amount; F or U?; Reason, when asked)Dollar amountF or UYes or No
What is the flex budget variance for operating income?
What is the volume variance for operating income?
What do the flex budget variance and volume variance for operating income sum to?
Does this equal the total master budget variance Yes or No?
Should it always sum (or net) to the total master budget variance, even if one is U and one is F? Yes or No?
How much of the master budget variance for Sales was caused by an UNANTICIPATED increase in volume?
How much of the master budget variance for Commission Expense was caused by an UNANTICIPATED increase in volume?
How much of the master budget variance for Advertising Expense was caused by an UNANTICIPATED increase in volume?
How much of the master budget variance for CGS was caused by some factor OTHER THAN volume?Possible reason
What could account for this variance?
How much of the master budget variance for Sales Revenue was caused by some factor OTHER THAN volume?
What could account for this variance?
How much of the master budget variance for Advertising Expense was caused by some factor OTHER THAN volume?
What could account for this variance?

Your answers to each question should be shown in the shaded cells.

Analysis- page 2

Income Statement line itemConsistentInconsistentUnexplained
All sales volume variances
Flexible budget variances:
Sales Revenue
Cost of Goods sold
Commission expense
Shipping Expenses
Bad debt expense
Salaries expense
Lease of distribution center
Depreciation of fleet & Equip.
Advertising expense
Ofice rent, phone, internet

Managers and auditors always analyze the variances between actual and budget. Say you were auditing this client and they gave you the following story (below). Is the story consistent with the overall pattern of variances? Which elements of the story are consistent with the explanations? Which variances are inconsistent, or left unexplained? Be sure to analyze every line item on the budget. Client Story: In order to motivate our sales force to increase sales, we decided to increase our commissions and salaries and increase marketing. At the same time, our supplier increased its prices, and we felt we could pass that cost increase on to our customers in the form of price increase. However, with the additional pressure to make sales, coupled with the increased sales price, we had to loosen credit terms on sales (extend more credit to more customers). We also had to lease a little more distribution space and acquire another truck to handle the volume increase. Our shipping expense relates to gasoline used for deliveries. Luckily, gas prices went down from what we originally expected this year. In the table below, classify each account on the budget according to whether the variances in the performance report are consistent, inconsistent, or left unexplained by the client’s story. Place an “X” in the appropriate column.

Grading Rubric

Grading rubricPoints
Master budget performance Report
Correct numbers using only formulas5
Correct percentages using only formulas5
Correct U/F using only formulas5
Correct Yes/No using only formulas5
Correct conditional formatting automatically highlights all “yes” answers2
Clean formatting ($, %, underlines/double underlines only where appropriate, no decimals, etc)5
Flexible budget performance report
Correct numbers using only formulas10
Correct titles4
Clean formatting5
Analysis- page 123
Analysis- page 211
Total Points

Order your essay today and save 10% with the discount code ESSAYHELP