- Read Chapters 13 and 14 and make entries in your Reading Journal including your thoughts and reflections. This lesson connects to FLVS because it focuses on symbolism.
- Complete a T-Chart for describing ALL moments of symbolism found in these chapters. Copy or create a chart like the one below:
- Chapter Examples of Symbolism (include page and paragraph to share)
- Examples of symbols – something that represents something else.
- The fence that marks the boundary of Out-With (Auschwitz) Camp is a powerful symbol of division. The nature of this division is at once material and metaphorical. Materially, the fence functions to imprison European Jews, physically separating them from the non-Jewish population.
- Striped Pajamas – The people on the other side of the fence from Bruno all wear striped pajamas, a uniform that at once symbolizes their difference from Bruno’s family and sparks Bruno’s curiosity about them. As Shmuel informs Bruno during their first conversation, everyone on his side of the fence is forced to change into the striped pajamas upon their arrival at Out-With (Auschwitz).
- “Out-With” (Auschwitz) – Placed in concentration camps such as Auschwitz–Out-With, as Bruno thinks it is called, prisoners were contained behind barbed-wire fences that were topped with concertina wire. They were separated from the others. It shows the limited understanding of a small child of what is really going on.