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Write an essay draft about why should society accept same sex couple to adopt, and laws should stop preventing them from doing so?

Like I just need to do my draft essay, my professor grades our essay draft, the links below is my essay outline and my annotated bibliography, if possible to enter more sources of supporting paragraphs that will be great.

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Baldauf, Scott. “How Texas Wrestles with Gay Adoptions.” Christian Science Monitor, vol. 90, no. 6, 3 Dec. 1997, p. 3. EBSCOhost, search-ebscohost-com.dcccd.idm.oclc.org/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=9712050417&site=ehost-live.

Jane Mathews. “Adoption Bar for Couple Who Opposed Gay Parents.” Daily Telegraph (London), Nov. 2016, p. 12. EBSCOhost, search-ebscohost-com.dcccd.idm.oclc.org/login.aspx?direct=true&db=n5h&AN=8Q2118976144&site=ehost-live.

Naeger, Jennifer. “And Then There Were None: The Repeal of Sodomy Laws After Lawrence V. Texas and Its Effect on the Custody and Visitation Rights of Gay and Lesbian Parents.” St. John’s Law Review, vol. 78, no. 2, Spring 2004, pp. 397–425. EBSCOhost, search-ebscohost-com.dcccd.idm.oclc.org/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=13514543&site=ehost-live.

Ritter, Michael J. “Adoption by Same-Sex Couples: Public Policy Issues in Texas Law & Practice.” Texas Journal on Civil Liberties & Civil Rights, vol. 15, no. 2, Spring 2010, pp. 235–254. EBSCOhost, search-ebscohost-com.dcccd.idm.oclc.org/login.aspx?direct=true&db=lgh&AN=51700378&site=ehost-live.

Stack, Liam. “U.S Texas Bill Would Let Adoption Agencies Reject Families on Religious Grounds”, 11 May 2017, www.nytimes.com

Zauzmer, Julie, and Sarah Pulliam Bailey. “Trump promises to help religious adoption agencies that won’t work with gay parents.” Washington Post, 7 Feb. 2019. Gale In Context: Opposing Viewpoints, link.gale.com/apps/doc/A572999469/OVIC?u=txshracd2500&sid=OVIC&xid=687ecdc6. Accessed 2 May 2021.

Kristo 1

Nina Kristo

ENGL-1302-82449

Professor Henry

May 1, 2021

Annotated Bibliography

Baldauf, Scott. “How Texas Wrestles with Gay Adoptions.” Christian Science Monitor, vol. 90, no. 6, 3 Dec. 1997, p. 3. EBSCOhost, search-ebscohost-com.dcccd.idm.oclc.org/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=9712050417&site=ehost-live.

This article reposts on the debate in Texas over the right of gay couples to adopt children which began when a child welfare worker Rebecca Bledsoe tried to remove a child placed in a lesbian household. In Texas in order for homosexuals couples to adopt they need to be married, Bledsoe tried to attempt to change the Texas law to forbid gay adoptions, and her actions are views by her superiors and the civil libertarians as act of discrimination against homosexual people.

I think this article would be great, to mention on my research paper because it shows hoe the welfare workers on adaptation institution would rather make a judgment of the parents based on their sexuality orientation, and not do the right procedures on when it comes to adaptation on how the child is adapting to the household.

Jane Mathews. “Adoption Bar for Couple Who Opposed Gay Parents.” Daily Telegraph (London), Nov. 2016, p. 12. EBSCOhost, search-ebscohost-com.dcccd.idm.oclc.org/login.aspx?direct=true&db=n5h&AN=8Q2118976144&site=ehost-live.

This news article talks about a couple who lost their adoption bar and blocked from adopting their two foster children after expressing concerns about them being raised instead by a gay couple. When the heterosexual couple was told by the adopting agency that a gay couple were being put forward to adopt them, the pair stated, “expressed a degree of shock and asked if this was a ‘joke’.”

The news article is a good article, I can mention in my research paper because I can mention how same-sex parents are viewed by the society. In a way can be the opposing opinion on my essay. This news article expresses a homophobic and discriminating comment by many people out there who are concern more about parents of the same gender is a disadvantageous to children in any way. It has nothing to do with their parent’s gender and everything to do with society’s reactions to the family.

Naeger, Jennifer. “And Then There Were None: The Repeal of Sodomy Laws After Lawrence V. Texas and Its Effect on the Custody and Visitation Rights of Gay and Lesbian Parents.” St. John’s Law Review, vol. 78, no. 2, Spring 2004, pp. 397–425. EBSCOhost, search-ebscohost-com.dcccd.idm.oclc.org/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=13514543&site=ehost-live.

The article analyzes the effect of Lawrence v. Texas U.S. Supreme Court case and the repeal of sodomy laws on child custody disputes involving gay and lesbian parents. The case of Lawrence v. Texas (2003) was a landmark decision of the U.S. Supreme Court in which the Court rules that U.S. laws prohibiting private homosexual activity, and sodomy between adults are unconstitutional. The Court reaffirmed the concept of a “right to privacy”. Rationale employed to justify the denial of custody or restriction of visitation rights of gay and lesbian parents, Implications of the Lawrence decision and the repeal of sodomy laws on the custody rights of gay and lesbian parents.

I think the article would be a great example to talk on my paper on the relations of how Texas laws discriminated the same-sex parents when it came to adoption. The article analyzes the effect of same-sex parents gay and lesbians, fighting for custody of their children or if they were on the process of adaptation, of when the case repeal of sodomy laws.

Ritter, Michael J. “Adoption by Same-Sex Couples: Public Policy Issues in Texas Law & Practice.” Texas Journal on Civil Liberties & Civil Rights, vol. 15, no. 2, Spring 2010, pp. 235–254. EBSCOhost, search-ebscohost-com.dcccd.idm.oclc.org/login.aspx?direct=true&db=lgh&AN=51700378&site=ehost-live.

The article focuses on Texas laws and practice in relation to adoption by same sex couples. Additionally, it presents the federal law that creates additional burden on same sex couple. It contains the legal procedures practice in Texas for adoption and the public policy objectives of promoting adoption that serves the best interest to the child.

The article gives good examples and quotes that are fact checked when I mention that how difficult it is for same-sex couples to go on the procedures of adopting a kid. In some cases, is even harder to be able to be put in the list, unlike many heterosexual couples. Texas laws are written in a way that it “does not expressly prohibit or allow adoption by the same-sex” so it does not have a clear answer.

Stack, Liam. “U.S Texas Bill Would Let Adoption Agencies Reject Families on Religious Grounds”, 11 May 2017, www.nytimes.com

In this online newspaper, the article talks about how Texas lawmakers are poised to vote on a bill that would allow foster care and adoption agencies that receive state funding to refuse to place children with families they disapprove on religious grounds, including families headed by gay or transgender people.

This newspaper article would be added to my paper for a support that shows how over the years Texas allows a new bill that is important and a critical element of the foster care system reform. The bill allows organizations to follow “faith based” policies without having to worry about potential discrimination lawsuits.

Zauzmer, Julie, and Sarah Pulliam Bailey. “Trump promises to help religious adoption agencies that won’t work with gay parents.” Washington Post, 7 Feb. 2019. Gale In Context: Opposing Viewpoints, link.gale.com/apps/doc/A572999469/OVIC?u=txshracd2500&sid=OVIC&xid=687ecdc6. Accessed 2 May 2021.

The article talks about how former president Donald Trump promoted his administration on helping the religious leaders, especially the conservative Christians, to ensure that faith-based adoption agencies to be helped while following their deeply held beliefs. These type of adoption agencies, refuse the enlistment of same-sex couple they believe on conservative and Christian belief. Trump administration is prioritizing the interests of providers instead of the interests of children.

The article would be a good opposing view to my paper, even though the federal government made it mandate that if the adoption agencies disapprove same-sex couple, they will not receive funding. However, with the emerge of Donald Trump administrative, religious based agencies are becoming more involved on his campaign and might revoke the bill entirely.

Kristo 1

Nina Kristo

Professor Henry

ENGL-1302-82449

May 6, 2021

A. Introduction

i. Attention grabber: For many people, the lesbian and gay adoption is still a new concept, and image of traditional family includes a mother and a father of opposite sex.

ii. Roadmap: While some argue that children need a mother and a father figure in order to be raise “perfect”, others believe this concept is just a stereotype.

iii. Working thesis: There is no evidence that proves that there are negative effects to letting homosexual couple to raise a family, however there are still laws that prevent them from adopting.

B. Body paragraphs

i. Explain: In most cases gay adoption was legalized by case-by-case basis by a judge.

ii. Introduce: Jennifer Naeger, article “And Then Were None: The Repeal of Sodomy Laws After Lawrence V. Texas and Its Effect on the Custody and Visitation Rights of Gay and Lesbian Parents”

iii. Define: The case repeal of sodomy laws on child custody disputes involving gay and lesbian parents.

C. Counterargument

i. Tell: Even though many cases have supported homosexual couples to be able to create a family and adopt, many agencies and public policies make it an issue for them to be able to.

ii. Show: “Adoption by Same-Sex Couples: Public Policy Issues in Texas Law & Practice”, states “The chapter places three limitations on an individual filing an adoption petition: the adopting party (1) must be “an adult,” who (2) seeks to adopt “a child who may be adopted,” and (3) has standing to sue in state court… appears to permit a same-sex couple to adopt children only through the first and third requirements. The first requirement is a possible route if courts have terminated—or are in the process of terminating—the rights of a child’s living parent… the court finds that such an adoption will be in the child’s best interests.”

iii. Share: How does the court know what is best for the child, where there is no data of negative affect of a child being adopted by same sex?

D. Refutation

i. Tell: In many gay couple, those who offer themselves as adoptive parents, are more stable that many heterosexual marriages.

ii. Show: “It’s About the Children”, Bill Keller argues that “gay marriage does not harm or disadvantage gay children. He cites numerous studies that show that socially, children of gay parents are at no significant disadvantage, and the children of same-sex couples are at an advantage compared with children raised by single parents.”

iii. Share: In modern times, many children are raised by single parent, which have proven disadvantages, like lower educational achievement and poor behavior.

E. Supporting paragraph 1

i. Tell: Millions of children in the U.S. have lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender parents. Furthermore, some children of LGBT parents were conceived from heterosexual marriages or relationships.

ii. Show: “American Academy of Child& Adolescent Psychiatry”, in their health website called “Lesbian, gay, and Transgender Parents”, they state “It is important for parents to understand that it is the quality of the parent/child relationship and not the parent’s sexual orientation that has an effect on a child’s development. Research has shown that in contrast to common beliefs, children of lesbian, gay, or transgender parents: Are not more likely to be gay than children with heterosexual parents, are not more likely to be sexually abused, do not show differences in whether they think of themselves as male or female (gender identity), and do not show differences in their male and female behaviors (gender role behavior)”

iii. Share: Sexuality of the parents is not the reason for child behavior, is the quality time and effort of the parent that puts on a child that matters.

F. Supporting paragraph 2

i. Tell: Furthermore, sometime the agencies of adoptive center are the reason for devastating a perfect and stable child

ii. Show: Scott Baldauf states in his article called “How Texas Wrestles with Gay Adoptions”, “child welfare worker Rebecca Bledsoe tried to remove a child placed in a lesbian household.”

iii. Share: Is not the same-sex parent influence that can cause a child development, is the welfare workers on adoption institution that can cause trauma to the child, by making a judgment of the parent’s sexuality orientation.

G. Supporting paragraph 3

i. Tell: Is not like these religion-based adoption agencies really care about the well-being of child, they only care if the child needs to be in a Christian household.

ii. Show: Zauzmer, Julie, and Sarah Pulliam Bailey. “Trump promises to help religious adoption agencies that won’t work with gay parents.”, states “When Catholic adoption agencies once stopped operating in locations including the District of Columbia and Massachusetts because of their opposition to gay parents, Cooper said, “other agencies seamlessly took over that work, including faith-based agencies. . . . The problem isn’t a shortage of agencies. The problem is a shortage of families. And allowing agencies . . . to turn away lovely families – that only makes the shortage of families a bigger problem.”

iii. Tell: These adoption agencies only prompt Christian values and moral, and they make their choices only on sexuality orientation of the parents and their Christian morals and values.

H. Conclusion: Overall, the same-sex parent should be accepted in our society and be able to adopt without any discriminations.

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