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Must use textbook provided to answer questions

Week 1 Chapter Questions

Preface

1. Explain the scientific difference between theory (i.e. Scientific theory) and Hypothesis. Why has the author “declined to struggle over the distinction”?

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Part I: The Beginnings

Chapter 1: Hippocrates (BC 420)

1. Explain the significance of Thale’s Leap.

2. Explain the significance of the Hippocratic Corpus.

3. What are the ‘4 humors’ and explain how Hippocrates thought they were related to disease.

4. How were the temples of Aesculapius used to treat illness and injury in ancient Greece?

Chapter 2: Plato (BC 360)

1. Find the definitions of monist, plurist, and atomist as they pertain to the scientists in this chapter. What is one example of each from the text?

2. What was the significance of Plato’s Timaeus to science?

3. Describe Plato’s theory on the origin of the universe (physical and corporeal).

Chapter 3: Aristotle (BC 330)

1. How did Aristotle’s vision of the world differ from Plato’s? Why was this vision important at the time?

2. Describe Aristotle’s Scale of Nature. This eventually lead to the Great Chain of Being in the 1500s- describe this as well.

3. Explain why Aristotle can be called the 1st taxonomist, and explain how he classified life.

Chapter 6: Ptolemy (AD 150)

1. By Ptolemy’s time, a completely erroneous model of the universe had been pieced together. Describe a few of these erroneous elements.

2. What did Ptolemy’s Almagest contribute to the knowledge of the day? Why was this important?

3. During this time, there were “no innovations, no paradigm shifts”. Define paradigm (as in a scientific paradigm) and explain what the author means by this statement.

4. In particular, why did European scholars (up to the 1500s) fail to dispute Ptolemy?

5. For a time, the Almagest was ‘lost’ to scholars. Why and how was it resurrected?

6. Why is Chapter 6 of the text subtitled “The most influential science book in history”?

Chapter 7: Copernicus (1514)

1. What assumptions did Copernicus lay out in his Commentariolus?

2. Copernicus wasn’t the first to propose his theories- why did his work make such an impact?

3. What were the major controversies regarding his On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres?

Tutorial

How to Add a Highlight

and

Insert a Note in Your eText

to

Answer Chapter Questions

1. Find the eText on your bookshelf. In D2L, look for the ‘eText Access tab’ at the top of the home page- click this.

1. Find the eText on your bookshelf. In D2L, look for the ‘eText Access tab’ at the top of the home page- click this.

2. The eText for this course should be shown – click the link:

2. The eText for this course should be shown – click the link:

3. Practice navigating around your eText. Useful tabs include:

3. Practice navigating around your eText. Useful tabs include:

The Table of Contents icon – navigate to different chapters

Magnifying Glass icon – search for key words

Notebook icon – you’ll track your highlights and note here

Lab icon – many settings can be found here including adding a new highlighter

4. Review the question(s) you will be looking to answer. In this case, the question is: (1) Explain the scientific difference between theory (i.e. Scientific theory) and Hypothesis. Why has the author “declined to struggle over the distinction”?

4. Review the question(s) you will be looking to answer. In this case, the question is: (1) Explain the scientific difference between theory (i.e. Scientific theory) and Hypothesis. Why has the author “declined to struggle over the distinction”?

5. Begin reading the eText, keeping in mind the question you’ll be answering. When you reach the part in the text where you think you’ve found the answer, you will highlight A FEW WORDS just to indicate the location, and then add a highlight with a note, in which you’ll number and answer the questions.

a. Click on the ‘Fast Highlighters’ icon in the bottom toolbar and then pick your color.

5. Begin reading the eText, keeping in mind the question you’ll be answering. When you reach the part in the text where you think you’ve found the answer, you will highlight A FEW WORDS just to indicate the location, and then add a highlight with a note, in which you’ll number and answer the questions.

a. Click on the ‘Fast Highlighters’ icon in the bottom toolbar and then pick your color.

b. You might need to refresh the page to get you new highlighter to appear. Turn on the ‘Fast Highlight’ at the bottom of the page.

b. You might need to refresh the page to get you new highlighter to appear. Turn on the ‘Fast Highlight’ at the bottom of the page.

6. Here I’ve found the section where I see the answer I need. I’ve highlighted just a few words, and because the ‘Fast Highlight’ icon is turned on it automatically highlights in the color I’ve chosen (i.e. red).

6. Here I’ve found the section where I see the answer I need. I’ve highlighted just a few words, and because the ‘Fast Highlight’ icon is turned on it automatically highlights in the color I’ve chosen (i.e. red).

7. Right click on your highlight, and a task screen opens in which you can attached a note to your highlight.

7. Right click on your highlight, and a task screen opens in which you can attached a note to your highlight.

8. Include the question #1 first, then answer the question:

8. Include the question #1 first, then answer the question:

9. Click anywhere outside of this box to save your answer. Double check that it has been saved by opening your ‘notebook’- you should see the highlight and your answer there.

9. Click anywhere outside of this box to save your answer. Double check that it has been saved by opening your ‘notebook’- you should see the highlight and your answer there.

10. For each Chapter Questions assignment in a given week, you will read the eText and answer the questions in the way described above. Once you start adding notes to your notebook, you will see a ‘print’ icon appear at the bottom left (you can see it above). Once you finish all questions, you’ll click that icon, and ‘print’ the set of highlights and notes to a PDF, which you will then submit to the dropbox.

A note on using the eText highlighting feature: turn the sharing OFF so that your work is protected from copying by others.

10. For each Chapter Questions assignment in a given week, you will read the eText and answer the questions in the way described above. Once you start adding notes to your notebook, you will see a ‘print’ icon appear at the bottom left (you can see it above). Once you finish all questions, you’ll click that icon, and ‘print’ the set of highlights and notes to a pdf, which you will then submit to the dropbox.

A note on using the eText highlighting feature: turn the sharing OFF so that your work is protected from copying by others.

a. While in the Notebook, click on the ‘settings’ icon (the cog) and choose ‘Manage Highlights’.

a. While in the Notebook, click on the ‘settings’ icon (the cog) and choose ‘Manage Highlights’.

b. Click on the highlight, in the example the Rad Red, and a task menu appears. Make sure the

‘Public’ box is NOT checked. Otherwise, you are sharing your highlights and work with others.

b. Click on the highlight, in the example the Rad Red, and a task menu appears. Make sure the

‘Public’ box is NOT checked. Otherwise, you are sharing your highlights and work with others.

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