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What is the healthy community framework according to Health in All Policies? How are evidence and ethics used in this process? Explain the application of the five key elements of this process to an environmental health issue and how collaboration with the community achieves the process.


Explain the role of the U.S. Department of Labor’s Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA). Provide examples of improvements that have been made in occupational settings as a result of OSHA. What are some of the factors that limit the effectiveness of these regulations? Are similar regulatory agencies found in other developed and developing countries? 


Discuss the importance of resource conservation and renewable energy. What environmental stewardship approaches can be used at the community, national, and international level to promote environmental sustainability and alternative energy. What practices can you adopt to reduce your ecological footprint?


What spiritual or religious values and traditions underscore concern for environmental health? Discuss the role of spiritual or faith-based institutions in environmental stewardship. How have these spiritual or ministerial efforts supported local public health initiatives? What collaborative efforts have been made in environmental health, both locally and globally, with regard to spiritual or faith-based collaboration?

Hussam Abu Hilal

EGR 4050

January 29, 2021

Lesson #1 Home Work

1.Using Greenwood’s definition, prove or disprove your chosen profession (upon graduation) qualifies as a profession. You must evaluate against all of Greenwood’s attributes and clearly state if your chosen profession meets that attribute as well as why or why not.

Engineering, pure and basic, is problem solving. How you solve the problem, though, needs evidence, research, and the ability to see where the problem lies. For engineers who offer their services directly to the public, all states require certification. Registered engineers are referred to as Professional Engineers (PE). To get a decent Engineering job worth your degree, you are required to have a PE license. In both the process of earning an engineering degree and a PE license, you would have to go through so much practice, training, and tests. Therefore, I am very confident in saying my profession qualifies as a profession. Based on Attributes of a Profession, “a profession as an organized group which is constantly interacting with the society that forms its matrix”.

My profession is Civil engineering, civil engineers are an integral part of the society, without them, there would be no airports, dams, buildings, roads and ports. It is fair to assume that, because of its diversity, a degree in civil engineering provides you the best of all worlds. Civil engineering profession absolutely meets the attribute of Systematic Body theory since it involves a series of complicated operations that requires a lot of skills taught over a long period of time. Professional

Authority is another attribute in Greenwood’s article. I worked as a manager in a fast-food restaurant, customers are always on the right side. However, in the case of being a professional engineer, you get to make all the calls. As a matter of fact, you got hired to make the calls because you are more knowledgeable about it. The professional decides what is good or bad for the client, who has no choice but to cede power to professional opinion in a professional relationship. Civil Engineering absolutely passes the attribute of Professional authority.

Before becoming a Professional Engineer, you must be approved through a lot of processes. The profession persuades the society to set up a licensing system on its behalf to screen those eligible to practice professional skills. As a civil engineer, I would be certified with a degree from a good school of civil engineering, so it passes the Community Sanction in Greenwoods.

In his job, a civil engineer must be ethical because all that a skilled engineer creates, and signs is built upon his request. Also, the written code of ethics for civil engineers allows the employee to be conscientious and have an understanding of the code. There is a section of the code that is formal and informal. No one would ever be biased against by a civil engineer. Many engineers need to have a great understanding of the code in which they do not take the side of someone of the same religion of color or any other element. Every client has to be handled in the same fashion by an engineer. With that being said, engineering as a profession passes Greenwood’s attribute of Sanction of the Community.

Community often has a formal feature and an informal one. It is concluded after reading Greenwoods concept that it agrees to be a profession with the feature of civil engineering. Whenever a client visits an engineer in the engineering company to discuss some project being processed, the engineer creates a good impression in the way he handles the client. Informal subgroups are when a person in the office or a client has something in common with an entity. The engineer needs to treat that person and any other person with the same kind of respect and without any prejudice whether a client speaks the same language or the same religion or even from the same country.

1. Again, using Greenwood’s definition, prove or disprove one of the following vocations (see list to determine which one you are REQUIRED to answer) qualify as a profession. Use the same methodology required in question 1.

According to Greenwoods attributes, a chef at a Michelin-rated restaurant is not considered. A chef does not have to have the understanding and context of what is required to be cooked in the Systematic Theory attribute. If the chef has been cooking for a lifetime and can make any nice recipes that people enjoy and get business going, he can work in a restaurant valued by Michelin and make a lot of money with just the skills he gained from the meals the chef gives to the customers over the years. Some chefs may go to school and have an educational history, but they may not be as good as a cook who has not obtained an education. It does not meet the attributer of systematic theory.

Restaurants have clients and this corresponds with the attribute of Authority to the chef irrespective of what was presented in the article by Greenwood. A chef may have experience in the dishes that are cooked but working in a recognized restaurant does not entail a degree. Working in a Michelin-rated restaurant does not need professional judgement. The attribute of Authority is not met.

Community Sanction is the third case, due to the two conditions of this case. The chef will work without a formal title and without being an approved college graduate. Consequently, the first example is not presented. If the first case is not satisfied after getting a degree and training, the second case has a legal license, so the second case is not satisfied since the first case is not satisfied. It does not meet the Community Sanction due to Greenwood.

A chef in a fancy restaurant is not considered to be a professional since three of the five Greenwood’s attributes are not met.

2.  State the degree you’re pursuing and the occupation you plan to practice upon graduation (example: Civil Engineering Degree / Geotechnical Engineer). Write no more than two paragraphs about what shaped your decision to pursue a career in this field.

I have a degree in Geospatial Civil Engineering. I enjoy solving challenges and discovering new ideas and using new technologies to work to make the world a better place. Geospatial engineering requires being involved in the field and being active. I want to remain busy, and for me, surveying on the field sounds like a good time.  Surveying trains us to become Professional Surveyors with State Licenses. The central emphasis is related to the exact position of real estate borders, data collection on the surface of the earth’s natural/man-made artifacts, and computer imaging for construction or planning use. I want to earn this degree and be able to inspire and make a difference in whatever company I decide to eventually work for or even start my own company.

4. Using the information from (3) how would you define/describe the responsibility that goes with it? I.e. as a Professional __________, what are my responsibilities? (Helpful Tip: To assist you with his question, review the Modern Hippocratic Oath for Doctors).

 Geospatial engineers help with the processing of geographic data. My responsibility is to gather, interpret, and distribute geospatial knowledge. The job, however, has other uses for military or civilian disaster relief as well. Our responsibility is to also extract and use geographical details from satellite imaging and field reconnaissance to create maps. Most notably, since that’s one of the many reasons that an engineer is really unique, my duty is to always be as professional as possible.

5. Answer the following two questions about professional ethics after reading the ASCE Code of Ethics.

A) Which canon (and sub-canon) do you believe is easiest to meet?

Canon 8 is definitely the simplest to meet. It is not much to expect of a professional engineer to be polite and highly mannered. Professionals should understand their code of ethics.

B) Which canon (and sub-canon) do you believe may be too restrictive / difficult to govern / unrealistic to meet? (Note: You will revisit your responses later in the course)

 I didn’t feel like any of them would be hard to perform. However, I selected Canon 7 sub-canon A as being the most restrictive canon and sub-canon A.   I choose this one because it allows the engineer to remain involved in technical activities without taking into account the timetable or life condition of the person. Where the client may have any family concerns, the time available to attend conferences and lectures may slow down.

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