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Thesis statement and all 5 mainpoint and topic sentences for each paragraph has been provided in the attached file.

Thesis statement and all 5 mainpoint and topic sentences for each paragraph has been provided in the attached file.

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ENG 102

Spr2021

Term Paper Assignment

Genre: Persuasive (with sources)

Purpose: A persuasive essay is intended to persuade readers to do certain things, or not to do certain things. It is the sole aim of the writer to coax or tempt readers and convince him to do/ not do certain things or to take/ not take certain actions. Consequently, the persuasive essay presents a situation, and takes a stand, either in its favor, or against it in order to prove to readers that it is beneficial or harmful for them.

Audience: Your audience is comprised of members of the academia i.e. professors, scholars, researchers, and fellow classmates.

Assignment: Select a topic and write a 1250-1400 word persuasive, research essay. The Thesis statement must include the words “should” or “should not”. See a list of Topics on page 4-7. You may 1) select one of these topics, 2) select one of the topics listed and tweak it, or 3) come up with one of your own.

Example:

Topic (one sentence): Baltimore City Community College (BCCC) should require students to take English 101.

Thesis Statement (one sentence): All students attending Baltimore City Community College (BCCC) should be required to take English 101.

Next, list five reasons that support the notion “All students attending Baltimore City Community College (BCCC) should be required to take English 101”.

**Each reason will become the basis for one of the five Support/ Body paragraphs.

Main point 1 (one sentence) – All students attending Baltimore City Community College (BCCC) should be required to take English 101 to develop critical thinking skills.

Topic sentence 1 EX: First, all students attending Baltimore City Community College (BCCC) should be required to take English 101 to develop critical thinking skills.

Main point 2 (one sentence) – All students attending Baltimore City Community College (BCCC) should be required to take English 101 to improve writing skills.

Topic sentence 2 EX: Moreover, all students attending Baltimore City Community College (BCCC) should be required to take English 101 to improve writing skills.

Main point 3 (one sentence) – All students attending Baltimore City Community College (BCCC) should be required to take English 101 to expand vocabulary.

Topic sentence 3 EX: Additionally, all students attending Baltimore City Community

College (BCCC) should be required to take English 101 to expand vocabulary.

Main point 4 (one sentence) – All students attending Baltimore City Community College (BCCC) should be required to take English 101 to expose students to the different genres of writing.

Topic sentence 4 EX: Furthermore, all students attending Baltimore City Community

College (BCCC) should be to expose students to the different genres of writing.

Main point 5 (one sentence) – All students attending Baltimore City Community College (BCCC) should be required to take English 101 to ensure they can transfer to any other accredited college/university.

Topic sentence 5 EX: Lastly, all students attending Baltimore City Community

College (BCCC) should be to ensure they can transfer to any other accredited

college/university

.

Sources:

Your essay should contain the following elements:

1. An Abstract (5-8 sentences) that summarizes your essay;

2. A clear thesis statement (one sentence).

3. An Introduction paragraph (5-6 sentences);

4. Five Supporting paragraphs (7-8 sentences) that clearly state and discuss the main points;

5. A Concluding paragraph (4-5 sentences) that summarizes and brings the essay to a close without adding any new information;

6. Five sources (four sources must be from the BCCC database).

7. Each source must be used in the essay in the form of a paraphrase, quote, and/ or summarization at least two times. In the end, you should have a minimum of ten in-text citations;

8. and a separate Reference page with five correct, full citations.

1. Do not use encyclopedia articles, Wikipedia, or sources dated prior to 2011 (without my permission).

2. Use one source from the Internet (Use caution when selecting material from the Internet. Remember what you read in the text regarding selecting reputable sources.) MOST – .org sites are reputable, and any – .gov, and .edu sites are reputable sources.Contact me to discuss any sources you are not sure about using.

Problems you want to avoid:

· Using another person’s work without giving them credit for it (plagiarism).

· Not making the purpose of your essay clear by including a clear and concise thesis statement.

· Not supporting your thesis statement with main points that are well developed and add value to the reader’s understanding.

· Presenting a list of facts rather than organizing material into a coherent essay.

· Dealing with too many facts rather than limiting the scope of the paper.

Format:

· Length – 1250 – 1400 words (approximately 5 typed pages)

· Bold the thesis statement and the Support paragraph topic sentences and

concluding sentences.

· Use APA Style

· Include a separate Cover page (1st page)

· Include a separate Abstract page (2nd page)

· Include separate Reference page (last page)

· Indent all paragraphs

· Double space the entire document

· Include a Running Head and page number atop of each page.

Evaluation: You must have a clearly stated and identifiable thesis statement and supporting evidence/ examples in you supporting paragraphs. In addition, an introduction, body (supporting paragraphs), and a conclusion are mandatory. Keep in mind that evidence, facts, examples, observations, and details strengthen your essay.

A good response will demonstrate an ability to articulate a clear position on the assigned topic, organize information, sustain a discussion for several paragraphs, develop your premises, support claims with evidence, and express ideas clearly. In the end, having written at least two drafts, you should submit a well written and polished essay.

Rubric:

The student:

–(0-10 points) follows directions (submitted on-time, meets word requirement, bolds the thesis statement and Support paragraph topic sentences and concluding sentences, etc.)

–(0-10 points) includes a correct Abstract (5-8) sentences, summarizes the essay

–(0-15 points) includes a correct Introduction paragraph (5-6 sentences, introduces the topic, includes a clear, correct, and easily identifiable thesis statement of one sentence)

–(0-15 points) correctness, content, and organization of the 5 Support paragraphs (7-8 sentences, supports the thesis statement, includes a Topic sentence and a Concluding sentence with the correct transition words, etc.)

· Each Support paragraph begins with a correct transition word (First, In addition, Moreover, Additionally, Also, Furthermore, Lastly)

· Each concluding sentence begins with a correct transition word (All in all, Therefore, Consequently, To that end, Thus, Subsequently, Undoubtedly, Hence)

–(0-10 points) Concluding paragraph (4-5 sentences, summarizes, does not introduce any new information, etc., and begins with a correct transition word such as (In summary, To summarize, In conclusion, To conclude)

–(0-10 points) uses correct writing conventions (Grammar, punctuation, spelling, capitalization, etc.)

–(0-10 points) uses appropriate style and expression – does not use you, your, we, our, us, I, my, or me, contractions, use varying sentence structures (uses an academic language and tone)/

–(0-15 points) uses correct APA Style format (i.e. cover page, abstract, Running head, citation format, double-space, indent paragraphs, etc.)

–(0-15 points) includes at least 10 correct in-text citations (cites all paraphrases, quotes, and summarization, and they are well integrated into the text)

–(0-10 points) includes a separate reference page with correct full citations (5 or more sources)

–(0-10 points) Overall essay (includes exhibiting coherence and flow with the use of varied sentence structure and transitional words & phrases (such as however, for example, nevertheless, consequently, etc.)

4

Informal Versus Formal Academic Writing

There are several different academic genres (types) of writing: The genre and the audience determine the formality of the text. For example, genres such as summarization, argumentative, analysis, informative, division/ classification, persuasive, and comparison/ contrast are formal whereas reflective, expository, expressive, opinion, descriptive, journaling, and narrative writing are informal.

· Unless you are writing an informal genre of essay, do not use Imemyyouyourweourus (see #1).

· Do not use abbreviations (see #2).

· Follow the rule when using acronyms (see #3).

· Do not write as you speak (see #4).

· Do not to use clichés and trite expressions (see #5).

· Do not use the numeric number (1, 2, 3, …) for numbers under 1 – 9 (see #6).

· Do not make an announcement (see #7).

· Do not ask questions (see #8).

1st person – I, my, me (acceptable to use in writing reflectiveexpositoryexpressive,

opiniondescriptivejournaling, and narrative essays)

2nd person – you, your (not used in academic writing)

3rd person – we, our, us (used in journaling and narrative essays)

it, her, him, his, hers, them, they, their, the students, citizens, and other specific nouns (used in summarizationargumentativeanalysisinformativedivision/classificationpersuasive, and comparison/contrast reflectiveexpositoryexpressiveopinion, and descriptive writing)

Example: Genre = Argumentative

Incorrect – The age to consume alcohol should be lowered to 18 years of age because, by law, we automatically enter adult status at 18 years of age. At age 18, we can be drafted by the military, marry without parental consent, be tried as an adult for a crime, and be held accountable for signing a legal document. Therefore, you should make the legal drinking age 18 years of age in order to be fair to us.

Correct – The age to consume alcohol should be lowered to 18 years of age because, by law, people who are 18 years old automatically enter adult status at 18 years of age. At age 18, people can be drafted by the military, marry without parental consent, be tried as an adult for a crime, and be held accountable for signing a legal document. Therefore, the Maryland legislature should make the legal drinking age 18 years of age in order to be fair to people under age 21.

1. Do not use most abbreviations in your writing.

· use television, not t.v.

· use abbreviation, not abbrev.

· Use Maryland, not MD

· Use versus, not vs.

· Use street, not st.

However, abbreviations such as Dr. for doctor, Mr. for mister, and etc. for etcetera are acceptable.

Sometimes the use of abbreviations is more of a style issue. For example, whether or not to use telephone or phone, or cellular phone, as opposed to cell phone.

2. Using acronyms in your writing – An acronym is the 1st letter of all/ most of the words in a title being put together to create a new shortened title.

For example, Stevenson University (SU)

University of Baltimore (UB)

Community College Baltimore County (CCBC)

New York Police Department (NYPD)

United States Department of Education (USDE)

World Wide Web (WWW)

Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU)

Turner Classic Movies (TCM)

BASIC RULE: Write the title out (long hand) the first time you write it, and then

write the acronym in parenthesis immediately following the title.

For example, Carroll Community College (CCC) is located in Westminster,

Maryland. CCC services approximately 5,000 students from Carroll and

surrounding counties such as Frederick County, Maryland.”

3. When writing, do not necessarily write as you speak. This usually goes hand-in-hand with the use of slang, colloquialisms, regionalisms, and jargon, in your writing.

Slang – A type of language (an informal, non standard language) that consists of words, and phrases, that are regarded as very informal, are more common in speech than writing, and usually peculiar to a particular group.

Colloquialism – An informal expression that is more often used in casual conversation than in formal speech or writing.

Regionalism – A linguistic term for a word, expression, or pronunciation favored by speakers in a particular geographic area.

Jargon – The specialized language of a professional, occupational, or other group, often meaningless to outsiders.

Examples:

Spoken – Every chance I get, I go to the Y to shoot some hoop with my boys. (slang)

Written – I usually spend my free evenings playing basketball with my friends at the

YMCA .

Spoken – I have a lot to do at night before I put the kids down. (colloquialism)

Written – I have many tasks to accomplish at night before I put the children to bed.

Spoken – Do you do the speed limit in residential areas? (colloquialism)

Written – Do you drive the speed limit in residential areas?

Spoken – For the most part, I do the speed limit in residential areas. (colloquialism)

Written – For the most part, I drive the speed limit in residential areas.

Spoken – Man, I paid $3.29 for gas in D.C. yesterday (regionalism)

Written – I paid $3.29 for regular unleaded gas in Washington, D.C. yesterday.

Spoken – The people in my family are just not built for doing a lot of heavy lifting

because they’re small-framed. (regionalism)

Written – Many of my family members do not have the physical make-up to endure

lifting heavy items because they have smaller frames.

Spoken – I do not plan to pull an all-nighter to get my homework done!

(colloquialism)

Written – I do not plan to stay up all night to complete my homework.

Spoken – My co-worker called in a 10-13, and all of the officers rushed out of the

building to help. (jargon)

Written – My co-worker, a fellow police officer, called the on her radio for help

because she need assistance with an arrest.

4. Try not to use clichés and trite expressions.

Trite expressions, sometimes called clichés, are expressions which have grown stale through too frequent use. Originally fresh and effective, they have been used so much that they have lost any freshness and originality they once had. Clichés suggest laziness and a lack of originality in the writer who uses them. They come to mind so easily when you are writing that unless you consciously guard against them, they will seriously weaken your style. The simple, straightforward statement of an idea is preferable to the use of a worn-out expression.

Examples:

Stay on the straight and narrow, and you won’t get into any trouble.

I don’t know which route is shorter; it’s pretty much six in one hand, half dozen in the other.

She’s not old, but she’s certainly not a Spring chicken.

Since he lost weight and continues to exercise, he’s fit as a fiddle.

More clichés:

bury the hatchet – stop fighting, make peace at loose ends – disorganized on speaking terms – friendly fair and square – completely honest at death’s door – near death busy as a bee – very busy

fair and square – to be fair

5. Write out the number for nine and under i.e. one, two … five, six … eight, nine, 10, 11 … 15, 16, etc.

6. Do not make an announcement about what you are going to say, prove, discuss, etc. For example, it is not necessary to state, “I think”, “I believe,” “I am going to tell you,” “I disagree with Dr. Kenneth Cottrell’s statement because…”, “In my paper I will…”, etc.

INCORRECT: I believe the drinking age in Maryland should be lowered to 18 because a person is considered to be an adult at age 18.

CORRECT: The drinking age in Maryland should be lowered to 18 because a person is considered to be an adult at age 18.

7. Do not ask questions. Asking questions is much to informal.

EX: There are many different reasons people should travel, for traveling exposes a person to other cultures. This can indirectly provide a person with a better understanding of their own culture and existence. Is not traveling fun? Most people enjoy visiting other places.

8. Be mindful when using exclusive language. Use words such as all, everyone, always, never, etc. It is better to use language such as for the most part, most, mostly, some, etc.

INCORRECT: Everyone enjoys visiting the zoo.

CORRECT: Most people enjoy visiting the zoo.

INCORRECT: All babies cry when they are hungry.

CORRECT: For the most part, babies cry when they are hungry.

CORRECT: When purchasing a vehicle, one should always check Internet prices.

CORRECT: Everyone who is able should vote in the 2020 Presidential election.

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L. Pope (created Summer 2016, updated 10/5/19, 5/30/20)

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OUTLINE

Topic Sentence: Parents should be required to vaccinate their children.

Thesis Statement: All parents should be required to vaccinate their children according to approved state immunization schedule.

Main point1: Vaccination protects the children from infectious and communicable viral diseases.

Topic Sentence1: First, vaccines are developed to work in the body as artificial immunity which reduces the risk of infection in a safe manner.

Main point2: To minimize the risk of common viral disease, children are required to vaccinate.

Topic Sentences2: Furthermore, receiving vaccinations according to the state approved vaccination has played a significant role in minimizing the risk of viral infection.

Main point3: Children are prone to be immune-comprised if they were not vaccinate as immunization schedule.

Topic sentence3: Similarly, another reason parents should be required to vaccinate their children is to prevent them from becoming immune-compromised.

Main point4: It is a responsibility of parents to vaccinate children to make the family and community safer.

Topic Sentence4: Additionally, parents are responsible for taking care of their family’s well-being, which includes preventing disease and illness.

Main point5: Vaccinating the children as immunization schedules prevents the parents from major financial cost as viral infectious disease treatment are expensive.

Topic Sentence5: Lastly, vaccinating children according to the immunization schedule decrease the risk of parents incurring the cost of medical bills if the child were to become ill with a preventable virus or disease.

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