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Philosophy 11

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Assignment 2

Okay essays, but the description of the various ethical approaches  is muddled at times and misstated. 

Ethics Moral Theories

Considering the above case whereby the innocent man is arrested for murder, it’s worth saying that the police chief has to be wise while deciding on whether to save the innocent man or follow the majority’s findings within the community. Similarly, the decisions that the chief will make will significantly impact other innocents in the locality. (the chief police should resolve this problem from the different ethical perspective)Identically, the police chief should make decisions that will save the majority of innocents by following the local citizens’ findings of lynching the man immediately because failing to do so will make many innocents lose their lives.

The ethical relativist moral theory acts on holding the morality of the people’s decisions and working according to the people’s norms. Therefore, the ethical relativist would approach the situation by choosing the local citizens’ action since it will make the majority happy and save the innocent citizens who are the majority (Mizzoni, 2017). Although the ethical relativist’s action may seem morally wrong because the man been murdered is innocent. The measure would be taken to save a large number of innocents. This sounds more like a utilitarian point of view.

In contrast, the ethical egoism approach would solve the problem by acting to save the innocent man and his family’s lives. Notably, ethical egoism would not favor the majority of local citizens because it does not support people’s interests but follows the truth (???) without looking at its consequences. Besides, the divine command theory will solve the problem following the actions that appear excellent and acceptable before God. In essence, the approach prefers that the commands of God determine moral actions. Therefore, saving the innocent man who is arrested would be their best action.

The utilitarian theory will approach the problem by making sure that the most innocent (what do you mean by “most innocent”? How is this related to utilitarianism? )group is happy. Thus, in this case, it will choose to let the innocent arrested man get murdered and save the majority of local citizens who are innocent as well. According to utilitarian theory, one innocent person’s death does not appear worse than the death of many other innocents.

The deontologist theory will approach the case according to the police chief’s decisions and the set rules of the locality on solving such cases (Crane et al., 2019). The actions would not consider the consequences of the case but would follow the rules set on solving such murder issues. However, the virtual ethicist theory would consider the innocence of the arrested man and save his life because he does not deserve to be murdered while innocent. Also, the approach follows the rights and wrongs of a person and acts accordingly without favoring any consequences. But the issue here are the virtues of the sherrif, the one who has to make the decision.

In my view, I would solve the case by defining moral ethics and saving the arrested innocent man. As a leader, I should lead by moral ethics and have a firm decision whereby all my actions should follow the proper morals (Crisp, 2019). Regardless of the innocent local citizens who will lose their lives after saving the arrested man’s life, it’s worth noting that I would prefer to save the life of the innocent man because he does not have to suffer while innocent. Thus, I would like to use the divine command theory.

References

Crane, A., Matten, D., Glozer, S., & Spence, L. (2019). Business ethics: Managing corporate citizenship and sustainability in the age of globalization. Oxford University Press, USA.

Crisp, R. (2019). Sacrifice regained: Morality and self-interest in British moral philosophy from Hobbes to Bentham.

Mizzoni, J. (2017). Ethics: The basics (2nd ed.). John Wiley & Sons.

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