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From an analysis of the data you researched in Topics 5-7, create a 12-15-slide research plan presentation on the research you have done.

 Include the following:

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  • Literature Review- Summarize the literature you researched on Police and Community Relations.
  • Statement of the problem- State your research question.
  • Methodology- Describe the research instrument that will be used to answer the research question.
  • Response- Outline the plan to create policy to enhance police-community relations.
  • Assessment – Explain how you can evaluate if the plan worked.

Title slide and reference slide are not included in the slide count. Include speaker notes below each content-related slide that represent what would be said if giving the presentation in person. Expand upon the information included in the slide and do not simply restate it. Please ensure the speaker notes include 35-50 words each.  

Include graphs, charts and other visuals in your presentation that will enhance your analysis.

Running head: PROPERTY CRIMES LITERATURE REVIEW 1

PROPERTY CRIMES LITERATURE REVIEW 8

Property Crime Literature Review

Paula Umutoni

Grand Canyon University: JUS-481

Professor Amanda Lindsay

Property Crime Literature Review

Property crimes include various crimes that are related to theft or destruction of any property of another person, as we have discussed previously in the other Justice Studies classes. These crimes can range from lower-level crimes such as shoplifting or vandalism to high-level crimes like armed robbery and arson. Most property crimes have a range of degrees dependent on variables such as the amount taken and the use of force or firearms in burglary related cases, In property damage offenses such as arson and real or possible bodily injury (FindLaw, n.d.). The aim of this paper is to look at the different articles to be discussed and include a brief summary of their discussion, consider the methodology implemented and the results from both a positive lens and a negative lens.

Summarize Each Article: Overview of the Topic. What Methodology was used? What were the Implications/conclusions?

In this article, the authors concentrated on completing an analysis to examine the effects of therapy and legal oversight on narcotic use and criminal activities… The current study analyzed with the use of long-term multivariate time series modeling to understand one of the most urgent problems of modern society: Abuse of opioids and related property crime and how social intervention practices may be affected. The article shares the link between opioid use and illegal activity, as drug use is one of the most popular attributes for the increase in addicts’ high crime rates. They reviewed the research on a community basis to get a broader range, but there was a theory formed to examine how the relationship between the usage of opioids and property crime affects and is affected by the maintenance and legal oversight of methadone. It was concluded at the end of the study that for the use of methadone maintenance and legal pressure in pressuring people into treatment for chronic narcotic addicts convicted of crimes, compulsory care should be considered (Powers, et al, 1991).

The next article was titled “What kind of joblessness affects crime? A National Case-Control Study of Serious Property Crimes.” This article basically talks about how people with different jobs all go through different stages in different times and these stages will affect their decisions to commit certain property crimes. There is a study that was discussed and in this study there were different labor force statuses: underemployed, unemployed, out of the labor force for widely socially accepted reasons, out of the labor force for reasons not widely accepted and the fully employed. The people who are able to keep one job are less likely to be involved with any property crimes (Kleck and Jackson, 2016). The research conducted in this piece was important due to the fact that it enabled law enforcement department to focus on the pool offenders specifically as oppose to generally talking about property crimes.

The next article to be discussed is titled “An Empirical Characterization of the Dynamic Effects of Police Spending on Violent and Property Crime.” This article there was some information that was gathered to portray the way that an increased in spending when it comes to the police departments has seen to decrease property crimes as week as violent crimes. The article refers to the statistics of when the crime levels were high as well as the years they occurred and the actual numbers of the crime. According to the article it also shows that when the funds to the police department increased there was a significant decrease in the numbers of the property crimes. So, in a nutshell, the article shows the importance or the advantages in increasing on the police department funds as this leads to less crime in the community due to the fact that the police officers have better resources to help fight crime or handle it (Atems, 2020).

The fourth Article that was read was titled “The Impact of inflation on property crime.”

The article starts off by discussing the rates of property crime of four different categories and these are: burglary, motor vehicle theft, larceny, and robbery. The article then moves on to show how the rate of these crimes have significantly dropped from the early 1990s. the researchers concluded that this was partly due to the low inflation. However, the article also clearly shows how the increase in inflation led to an increase in the property crimes at some point. There was a theory that was later developed in the article that suggested a link between the increase in property crimes and inflation. In conclusion of the article, it was stated that there is indeed a relationship between property crimes and inflation and that in order to decrease the levels of crime, those in charge of creating policy need to figure out the flooding consequences on property crime that come from the inflation (Nunley et al, 2016).

Article number five was titled “Does Poverty Lead to Crime? Evidence from the United States of America.” This article Specifically addresses and portrays the connections between poverty and property crime. When you read a bit further in the article there is a section that talks about using robust advanced techniques, cointegration techniques and autoregressive distributed lag. It points out the relationship between poverty and property crimes. These two are directly correlated because the more the poverty the more the property crimes

The last article is called “Fear of Poverty Crime: Examining the Effects of Victimization, Vicarious Victimization, and Perceived Risk.” The article talks about the fear that comes with the types of property crimes there is for example, when we leave our houses there can be a fear of burglars invading your home or when you park your car at the store that is not located in a safe area there is always that fear of vehicle theft. There is a survey that was done on many criminology classes with the students. The students were asked questions that related to their fear of crime or if they have any witnessed or experienced crime victimization. The students were also asked to rate how scared they felt for the different crimes. The study indicated that the students either experienced the property crimes or know someone that was a victim. The study also showed that the students were more scared at night than during the day.

Construct a Comparative Analysis of Property Crimes by: Discussing the Positive and Negative of the Approaches taken in the six articles. Delineate the Approaches You Would Have Taken in Each of the Six Situations.

Referring to all the six articles that have been evaluated above, there was an analysis in each of them that focused on different ways of how to combat property crime or even the different factors that influence property crime. From inflation rates, to increase in police department funds to the use of drugs to the rates of poverty and lastly the fear within the society. As we have seen previously each of these articled all come to conclusions of how to best help the government to reduce property crime in this nation. It is safe to say that some of the articles had methods or strategies that are not that easy for the government to pull off due to so many factors. In my opinion, the article that had the best solution to combat the property crimes was the one that discussed the increment in the funds for the police department in order to help decrease the rates of property crime. If the police department is being funded this means there will be more availability of the police officers which acts as a deterrent for property crime. However, this could be an issue because in order for the government to really pour money into the police departments this will mean they are getting the money from another field which will most likely impact them negatively. It is really hard to determine what field they would have to extract this money from in so that they can invest in the police departments which could greatly improve on the country’s security. One negative aspect that I have observed in the articles is the lack of further detailed plans for their reasoning behind why the police department truly deserves the government support. The last article discusses the fear in the communities for the law enforcement however does not go into much detail of how this fear can be annihilated. I think one of the ways is by making every officer wear camera when they are on clock, this way they can be held accountable for their actions and the civilians know that they are also being recorded.

I think all the other articles had a good strategy and my approach would have been the same except for the fear-based article. I also think that one of the harder things is actually putting into practice all the discussed strategies due to the financial burdens that come with it. Most of the strategies discussed above need financial enhancement which needs a lot of critical thinking.

References

Atems, B. (2020). An Empirical Characterization of the Dynamic Effects of Police Spending on Violent and Property Crime. Economic Inquiry58(2), 717–744. https://doi-org.lopes.idm.oclc.org/10.1111/ecin.12866

Cook, C. L., PhD., & Fox, K. A., PhD. (2011). Fear of property crime: Examining the effects of victimization, vicarious victimization, and perceived risk. Violence and Victims, 26(5), 684-700. doi:http://dx.doi.org.lopes.idm.oclc.org/10.1891/0886-6708.26.5.684

Kleck, G., & Jackson, D. (2016). What Kind of Joblessness Affects Crime? A National Case-Control Study of Serious Property Crime. Journal of Quantitative Criminology32(4), 489–513. https://doi-org.lopes.idm.oclc.org/10.1007/s10940-016-9282-0

Mohammed, I., Hosen, M., & Mohammad Ashraful, F. C. (2018). Does poverty lead to crime? evidence from the united states of america. International Journal of Social Economics, 45(10), 1424-1438. doi:http://dx.doi.org.lopes.idm.oclc.org/10.1108/IJSE-04-2017-0167

Powers, K., Hanssens, D. M., Hser, Y.-I., & Anglin, M. D. (1991). Measuring the long-term effects of public policy: the case of narcotics use and property crime. Management Science6, 627.

Nunley, J. M., Stern, M. L., Seals, R. A., & Zietz, J. (2016). The Impact of Inflation on Property Crime. Contemporary Economic Policy34(3), 483–499. https://doi-org.lopes.idm.oclc.org/10.1111/coep.12156

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