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Your company is thinking about going into one of the countries located in eight regions listed below and your company’s president has asked you to prepare a report for her.  After reading Chapter 2 in the text, she has asked you to prepare a one page (about 690 words, 12-point font – with a one-line header) professionally written executive summary regarding the overall economic environment of one of the countries in the region (hint: build off of the concepts introduced in chapter 2). 

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Label the Assignment: Region.Country

Scan https://libguides.du.edu/internationalbusiness

No header only the country is needed

Note your audience

Explain your country’s economic system

The stage of its market development

The marketing implications of this stage

The general economic health of the country

Cite your sources

One complete page

Panama

Panama

Panama is the southernmost country in Central America. The strategically important Panama Canal in the center of Panama, which connects the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, is the boundary between North and South America. On December 31, 1999, the United States returned to Panama all land, buildings, infrastructure, and all management rights for the canal. Given its important geographical location, the economy of Panama is centered on a highly developed services sector, which represents more than 75% of gross domestic product (GDP). The Panama Canal and use of the U.S. dollar have promoted the strengthening of a globally oriented services economy. The Panama Canal is essential to global trade and accounts for almost 10% of the country’s GDP. Other important components of the service economy are the Colon Free Trade Zone (CFZ), which is the second largest free port in the world, and the Trans-Panama Pipeline, which allows for the transport of crude oil between the Pacific and Atlantic coasts. Financial industry and entrepot trade developed and occupy an important position in the economy. Agriculture, forestry and fishery account for most people’s livelihood, but ship-related enterprises and some financial and insurance industries have international status, resulting in a small number of super-rich classes, with a large gap between the rich and the poor. Panama has extremes of wealth and poverty. Panama is rich in forest resources and has many tropical tree species. The timber such as mahogany, cedar and teak are abundant in the east and provide a few internationally competitive exports. The agricultural sector has lost importance over the years, accounting for less than 10% of GDP today. The farmers depend on bananas, pineapples, sugar cane, coffee and other tropical cash crops for their subsistence. Weak industrial base, no heavy industry, the manufacturing industry is mainly agricultural and animal husbandry products processing industry and people’s livelihood supplies industry and other light industry, part of the low technology home electric energy. The GNI per capita of Panama in 2019 is $14,950 which is higher than the requirement for High-Income country. Panama’s stage of market development is High-Income country. However, Panama’s overall economy is at a low level of development. The wealthiest around 20 percent of Panamanians control more than 50 percent of the country’s wealth, while the poorest 40 percent only control around 12 percent of the country’s wealth. To some extent, the general economic health of the country is bad. Except for the wealth gap between people and people, Panama’s urban and rural areas have a large wealth disparity. Around 32% of the entire population of Panama lived in rural areas in 2019. Around 27% of the rural population lives in extreme poverty in comparison to 4% in urban areas. Even tough, the national poverty rate is decreasing, but it is still high: In 2005, the national poverty rate of Panama was at 38.3%. In 2016, the rate decreased to 22.1%. Although the poverty rate is seeing a downward trend, there are still over one in five Panamanians is living in poverty. Panama’s poverty rate is going to rise due to the Covid-19 pandemic; the overall trend appears to be positive. From 2010 to 2018, the percentage of the population living on under $3.20 per day halved, dropping from 10.7% to 5.2%. There has also been an increase in secondary education among rural and indigenous communities. Panama’s $326 million portfolio oversees five active projects that push to improve social protection, governance, disaster risk management, wastewater management and support to the Indigenous Peoples Plan. With economic growth and government policies, Panama has made progress in reducing poverty in recent years. Overall, Panama is a great country to enter the market. It has a good potential.

Reference

FocusEconomics. (2014, January 02). Panama economy – GDP, inflation, CPI and interest rate. Retrieved April 14, 2021, from https://www.focus-economics.com/countries/panama

Project, B. (2020, October 06). 5 facts about poverty in Panama. Retrieved April 14, 2021, from https://borgenproject.org/poverty-in-panama/

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