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Postpartum Depression

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Postpartum depression (PPD) consists of minor and major depressive episodes that affect mothers after delivery (Bobo & Yawn, 2014). PPD commonly occurs within the first year after giving birth, but early symptoms can be identified within the first three weeks of delivery. There are various medication and psychological interventions for treating and preventing PPD. Based on the meta-analysis, various authors compared the effectiveness of self-help and control conditions interventions. It is clear that self-help interventions effectively prevent and treat PPD than the control conditions.

Through self-help interventions, healthcare workers can offer consistent assessments by developing follow-up measures. The analysis done by Lin, 2018 indicates that self-help intervention measures effective in identifying the early symptoms of PPD. Self-help interventions are psychological measures that influence how a mother can surprise negative personality characteristics and mental activities through psychological theories’ guidance. Control conditions are using the treatment method in healthcare to prevent and treat PPD (Lin, Xue, Yang & Cao, 2018).

Women exposed to interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT), through guidance on how to relate productively with each member of the society while enhancing interpersonal relationship is an effective method of ensuring recovery among PPD patients. Relatives play a critical role in ensuring quick recovery under IPT interventions (Mario, Antonio & Simona, 2014). Marriage partners, on the other hand, offer psychological support that influences responses. Partners and relatives need to be educated on identifying and managing PPD among mothers through minimum medications.

Based on (Alhasel, Abdelgadir & Alshehri, 2018), psychological interventions are the most effective measure to identify and monitor PPD conditions. The main cause of PPD among women is poor and stressful relationships between married couples and the entire community. Through the research, the authors indicate that measures that emphasize relationships effectively decrease the effect of PPD. Psychological intervention based on the authors includes creating awareness of the PPD and general improvement of a person’s psychological prevention and health.

Currently, healthcare workers emphasize curative measures to treat PPD, but based on the various literature reviews. These interpersonal psychotherapy interventions are monitored under the psychological offer preventive measures that are more effective than curative methods. Education-based programs will enable families and marriage partners to emphasize good relationships that reduce the effect of PPD. The main gap to reduce and manage PPD lack of enough psychologists in the healthcare sector. The future study should focus on why few psychologist personnel in the healthcare sector cater to PPD patients. Future researchers should also focus on the development of program-based education to create PPD awareness.


Alhasel, H. M. B., Abdelgadir, H. S., & Alshehri, A. A. A. (2018). Effectiveness of Psychological Interventions in Management of Postpartum Depression. The Egyptian Journal of Hospital Medicine70(12), 2157-2161.

Bobo, W. V., & Yawn, B. P. (2014, June). Concise review for physicians and other clinicians: postpartum depression. In Mayo Clinic Proceedings (Vol. 89, No. 6, pp. 835-844). Elsevier.

Lin, P. Z., Xue, J. M., Yang, B., Li, M., & Cao, F. L. (2018). Effectiveness of self-help psychological interventions for treating and preventing postpartum depression: a meta-analysis. Archives of women’s mental health21(5), 491-503.

Mario, Antonio & Simona, (2014). Interpersonal psychotherapy for postpartum depression.

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