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For this Discussion, you will practice the skill of identifying and summarizing information from scholarly resources. To prepare for this Discussion, identify a minimum of four articles related to the case study. These articles should be in addition to those noted in the Further Reading List for the case study. If you have not already done so, download the Research Article Organizer from the Toolkit to your computer. This tool will guide you in identifying key elements of research articles as well as key information.

Apply the tool to each of the four articles you found in order to identify key elements and key information in each article.

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Further Reading for Issues in K-12 Education Case Study

Existing Problems With The Roll Out Of The Common Core And High- Stakes Testing—Concerned Parents

Challenges in Implementing Common Core Standards 2011

Haycock, K. (2012). Implementation of Common Core State Standards: Roles for

advocates. Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.

Kober, N., & Rentner, D. (2011). States’ progress and challenges in implementing

Common Core State Standards. Center on Education Policy. Retrieved from

http://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:GOrM4hD4s_AJ:files.e

ric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED514598.pdf+&cd=1&hl=en&ct=clnk&gl=us

Wiener, R. (2013). Teaching to the core: Integrating implementation of Common Core

and teacher effectiveness policies. Aspen Institute. Retrieved from the Walden

Library databases.

Reports From The Common Core In Individual States

Belcher, E. (2012) Future shock. Thomas B. Fordham Institute. Retrieved from

http://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:S06oWwztvUAJ:ed.sc.

gov/agency/programs-services/190/ccss-support/documents/Future_Shock-

_Early_Common_Core_implementation_lessons_from_Ohio.pdf+&cd=5&hl=en&

ct=clnk&gl=us

History of Using Standards in Education

Consortium for Policy Research in Education. (1993). Developing content standards:

Creating a process for change. Retrieved from

http://www2.ed.gov/pubs/CPRE/rb10stan.html

© 2014 Laureate Education, Inc. Page 1 of 3http://www2.ed.gov/pubs/CPRE/rb10stan.htmlhttp://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:S06oWwztvUAJ:ed.schttp://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:GOrM4hD4s_AJ:files.e

EdSource. (2014). Standards-based education. Retrieved from

https://edsource.org/iss_sta.html

What Are The Standards? Why Are We Using Them Now? What Is The Function?

ACT, Inc. (2010). A first look at the Common Core and college and career readiness.

Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.

Common Core State Standards Initiative. (2014). Frequently asked questions. Retrieved

from http://www.corestandards.org/resources/frequently-asked-questions

Common Core State Standards Initiative. (2014). National Governors Association and

state education chiefs launch common state academic standards. Retrieved from

http://www.corestandards.org/articles/8-national-governors-association-and-

state-education-chiefs-launch-common-state-academic-standards

New Hampshire Department of Education. (2013). NH college- and career-ready

standards frequently asked questions. Retrieved from

http://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:3iZY1BICFgMJ:www.e

ducation.nh.gov/instruction/curriculum/documents/faq-

ccrs.pdf+&cd=1&hl=en&ct=clnk&gl=us

The Hunt Institute. (2012). Background information on common core standards.

Retrieved from http://www.hunt-institute.org/knowledge-library/articles/2010-4-

28/background-information-on-common-core-standards/

Common Core Implementation and Accommodation

Beals, K. (2014, February 21). The common core is tough on kids with special needs.

The Atlantic. Retrieved from

© 2014 Laureate Education, Inc. Page 2 of 3http://www.hunt-institute.org/knowledge-library/articles/2010-4http://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:3iZY1BICFgMJ:www.ehttp://www.corestandards.org/articles/8-national-governors-association-andhttp://www.corestandards.org/resources/frequently-asked-questionshttps://edsource.org/iss_sta.html

http://www.theatlantic.com/education/archive/2014/02/the-common-core-is-

tough-on-kids-with-special-needs/283973/

Constable, S., Grossi, B., Moniz, A., & Ryan, L. (2013). Meeting the Common Core

State Standards for students with autism. Council for Exceptional Children.

Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.

Council of Chief State School Officers. (2013). Common Core State Standards:

Implementation tools and resources. Retrieved from

http://eric.ed.gov/?id=ED542700

Maxwell, L., & Samuels, C. (2013, April 23). PARCC proposes Common-Core test

accommodations. Education Week. Retrieved from

http://www.edweek.org/ew/articles/2013/04/24/29parcc.h32.html?qs=ell+common

+core

Maxwell, L. (2014, February 6). Supporting Academic Discussions for ELLs in Common-

Core Classrooms. Education Week. Retrieved from

http://blogs.edweek.org/edweek/learning-the-

language/2014/02/supporting_academic_discourse_.html?qs=ell+common+core

Quay, L. (2010). Higher standards for all: Implications of the Common Core for equity in

education. Research Brief. Chief Justice Earl Warren Institute On Race, Ethnicity

And Diversity. Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.

Partnership for 21st Century Skills. (2011). P21 Common Core toolkit: A guide to

aligning the Common Core State Standards with the framework for 21st century

skills. Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.

© 2014 Laureate Education, Inc. Page 3 of 3http://blogs.edweek.org/edweek/learning-thehttp://www.edweek.org/ew/articles/2013/04/24/29parcc.h32.html?qs=ell+commonhttp://eric.ed.gov/?id=ED542700http://www.theatlantic.com/education/archive/2014/02/the-common-core-is

RA Organizer

Research Article Organizer
Article TitleAuthor(s)TopicProblemPurposeTheoryResearch DesignResearch MethodResearch QuestionsAnalysis MethodFindingsNotes about article
The Perceptions of K-12 Administrators’ Self-efficacy on the Usage of Skype as an Online Communication Software ToolKiriakidis, P.Online Communication ToolsNeed for online communication systems to support administratorsExamine whether or not a software program such as Skype can assist school administrators in professional development in providing support to administratorsSelf-determination Theory (SDT)Qualitative Case StudyOpen-ended interviews that were transcibed; Member checkingCase analyses conducted for each participantAll participants reported that they gain a more positive self-efficacy via interactive skype and insightful online communication experiecnces provided via Skype.
Implementing a “Circle of Friends” Peer-Mediated Intervention for High School Students with AutismSchlieder, M.“Circle of Friends” (CoF) Autism Intervention for Older StudentsThe problem is the need for effective social skills training for children with ASDThe purpose of this study was to understand individuals’ interpretations of the CoF phenomenonThe conceptual framework that guided the study was constructivism, which postulates that learners construct knowledge based on a combination of previous experiences and social interactionsA collective case study was used to investigate experiences of parents, teachers, and community agency leaders participating in this project.Qualitative1. What are the experiences of group facilitators, parents, and nonprofit community agency directors in three area high schools implementing “Circle of Friends” (CoF) PMI? 2. How do the contributions of the community organization providing professional development, funding, and ongoing support influence CoF implementation in three area high schoolsInductive analysis to code for themes: Hand analysis involved coding information from sources, the interviews, and partnering agency documents. In order to do a cross-case analysis, a comparison table was created organizing information generated from parent, facilitator, and partnering agency.Four main themes emerged from a cross-case analysis of the data. The research uncovered the influence a CoF partnership initiative has on inclusion, social skills improvement, empowerment, and sense of wellbeing. In addition to benefits, participants shared challenges and recommendations for future CoF implementation. Several unexpected findings also came to light.

Introduction to RA Organizer

The purpose of this template is:
1. Provide you with an organized way to take notes on the articles you collect. This enables the article notes to be substantive and usable in the future. You will find that you will want to keep track of all articles that you use throughout your program.
2. The components included in this template align with those found in research articles. This template helps you stay focused on those components while reading. You will find that you are very comfortable with these components when it comes time to write scholarly work yourself.
This is one example of an organizer that can be used. You may find any number of methods that may best suit your organizational style. The important thing is to create and use an organized system.

Issues in K-12 Education Case Study

Scenario

Your state is considering a required set of education standards that all schools must adopt. You have been nominated to serve on the statewide committee to inform the legislature as to which standards, if any, should be adopted. You will have the opportunity to take a stand on the following issue. Does a set of required standards improve or limit education for ALL students (e.g., general education students, special education, English language learners, gifted learners) in state schools?

Consider the following questions: How can standards be implemented to improve the quality of education for ALL students in all levels and types of classroom (e.g., general education, special education, vocational)? Is it more effective to adopt district standards, state-specific standards, or national standards? Once you decide which standards to adopt, what materials, supports and training will be needed to implement them? How do different stakeholders (e.g., policy makers, government leaders, principals, teachers with various specialties and points of view, students, parents) feel about the issue of standards adoption and implementation?

Stakeholders

The State Department of Education, school administrators, teachers, students, parents, educational specialists, politicians, business leaders, employers, advocacy groups, and the community at large.

Document Set 1

• Document 1: A brief overview of the standards-based movement with information synthesized from multiple authentic sources

• Document 2: Statistics and quantitative data that demonstrates inequality and falling international performance; the data focuses on literacy, science, and math scores, as well as the importance of education on lifetime earnings

This document is pieced together from a variety of authentic documents

• Document 3: An authentic document that explores the function of technology in education, and non-traditional settings for K-12 education

© 2014 Laureate Education, Inc. Page 1 of 2

• Document 4: An authentic document that introduces new guidelines for education reform that will prepare all public school students for college or a career

Document Set 2

• Document 5: A simulated editorial from a school administrator detailing concerns and issues with implementation of the Common Core State Standards

• Document 6: A simulated magazine article that illustrates some the issues regarding a set of uniform standards and expectations for English Language Learners

• Document 7: A simulated blog post with relevant comments about the concern that a common set of standards might exclude such disciplines as art and music

• Document 8: Simulated blog posts about the Common Core State Standards and special education

NOTES: Common Core is arguably one of the most pressing and controversial issues in K-12 education. The goal of this case study is to have students consider the various stakeholders involved, and take a position on both the broad issue of standards-based education and one or more subtopics that fall under this umbrella.

© 2014 Laureate Education, Inc. Page 2 of 2

Specialization Resources List

Assessment, Evaluation, and Accountability (AEA) …………………………………………………1

Curriculum, Instruction, and Assessment (CIA)……………………………………………………….1

Early Childhood Education (ECE)………………………………………………………………………….2

Educational Technology ………………………………………………………………………………………3

Global and Comparative Education (GCE)……………………………………………………………..4

General and Self-Designed …………………………………………………………………………………4

Higher Education ………………………………………………………………………………………………..5

K-12 Leadership …………………………………………………………………………………………………6

Learning, Instruction, and Innovation (LII) ………………………………………………………………6

Reading and Literacy Leadership (RLL) …………………………………………………………………7

Special Education ………………………………………………………………………………………………8

Teacher Leadership (TL) ……………………………………………………………………………………..8

Methodology (All Students)…………………………………………………………………………………..9

Tips for Doctoral Learners (All Students)……………………………………………………………….9

Specialization: Assessment, Evaluation, and Accountability (AEA)

Name of Primary Professional Organization in the field: American Evaluation Association – http://www.eval.org/

Primary Research Journal in the field: Educational Assessment, Evaluation & Accountability Assessment and Evaluation in Higher Education

Primary Application Journal in the field: Evaluation: The International Journal of Theory, Research and Practice

Additional recommended resources: • http://aalhe.org/ • http://www.iaea.info/ • http://www.aacu.org/resources/assessment • http://www.nwea.org/ • http://www.assessmentconferences.com/

Specialization: Curriculum, Instruction, and Assessment (CIA)

Name of Primary Professional Organization in the field: • Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development • National Council of Teachers of English • American Educational Research Association • International Association for K-12 Online Learning • American Association of School Administrators • Association for Supervision of Curriculum Development

Primary Research Journal in the field: • Journal of Curriculum and Supervision • Journal of Teacher Education • Review of Research in Education • Review of Educational Research • Research in the Teaching of English • Educational Researcher • AASA Journal (American Association of School Administrators)

Primary Application Journal in the field: • Educational Leadership • EduCore Tools for Teaching Common Core • NCTE Voices From the Middle • The Superintendent

© 2014 Laureate Education, Inc. Page 1 of 11http:http://www.assessmentconferences.comhttp:http://www.nwea.orghttp://www.aacu.org/resources/assessmenthttp://www.iaea.infohttp:http://aalhe.orghttp:http://www.eval.org

Additional recommended resources: • Eric Jensen’s works on teaching with the Brain in Mind including his works on

teaching children living in poverty and the impact of arts education • Howard Gardner’s works on multiple intelligences • Charlotte Danielson’s Framework for Teaching • Ruby Payne – Understanding Poverty • Kouzes and Posner’s work on Effective Leadership Traits • Not an academician, but Ingrid Bens has a wonderful set of texts, videos, etc. on

mastering group facilitation skills that is a must for anyone working towards a leadership role.

• www.youtube.com/watch?v=dNlkHtMgcPQ this is humorous but a great writing resource presented in an accessible way (TED Ed)

• School Science and Mathematics (journal) • Review of Educational Research (good place to start looking for lit) • Educational Leadership • The Journal of Curriculum And Supervision • Journal of School Principals • The Journal of Educational Administration • ASCD Briefs • Dissertations abstracts in the Walden Library for other Walden projects as

examples • Research Gate or Academia.edu for finding papers that are not in the library

because of embargo • International Reading Association • Florida Center for Reading Research • What Works Clearing House • Education Atlas

Specialization: Early Childhood Education (ECE)

Name of Primary Professional Organization in the field: National Association for the Education of Young Children (NAEYC) www.naeyc.org

Primary Research Journal in the field: Early Childhood Research Quarterly http://www.naeyc.org/publications/ecrq

Primary Application Journal in the field: Young Children http://www.naeyc.org/yc/ Teaching Young Children http://www.naeyc.org/tyc/

Additional recommended resources: • Association for Childhood Education International (ACEI) www.acei.org

o Journal of Research in Childhood Education http://www.acei.org/jrce.html o Childhood Education http://www.acei.org/childhood-education

© 2014 Laureate Education, Inc. Page 2 of 11http://www.acei.org/childhood-educationhttp://www.acei.org/jrce.htmlhttp:www.acei.orghttp://www.naeyc.org/tychttp://www.naeyc.org/ychttp://www.naeyc.org/publications/ecrqhttp:www.naeyc.orghttp:Academia.eduwww.youtube.com/watch?v=dNlkHtMgcPQ

o Early Years Bulletin http://www.acei.org/early-years-bulletin

• Zero to Three www.zerotothree.org o Zero to Three Journal

http://www.zerotothree.org/about-us/areas-of-expertise/zero-to-three-journal/

• Society for Research in Child Development (SRCD) www.srcd.org o Child Development (research journal) http://www.srcd.org/publications/child-

development

Specialization: Educational Technology

Name of Primary Professional Organization in the field: • Association for Educational Communications and Technology (AECT)

http://www.aect.org/ • International Society for Technology in Education (ISTE) – https://www.iste.org/

Primary Research Journal in the field: • Educational Technology Research and Development (ETR&D) http://aect.site-

ym.com/?page=ed_technology_r_d • Journal of Research on Technology in Education –

http://www.iste.org/learn/publications/journals/jrte

• Association for Educational Communications and Technology (AECT) – all publications that are free to AECT members, including multiple books and journals: http://aect.site-ym.com/?publications_landing

Primary Application Journal in the field: • Tech Trends – http://aect.site-ym.com/?page=techtrends • Learning & Leading – http://www.iste.org/learn/publications/learning-leading

Additional recommended resources: • Consortium for School Networking (CoSN) – http://www.cosn.org/ • Multimedia Educational Resource for Learning and Online Teaching (Merlot) –

http://www.merlot.org/ • Sloan-C – http://sloanconsortium.org/ • United States Distance Learning Association (USDLA):

http://www.usdla.org/research-center/ • Conference on Distance Teaching & Learning!

http://www.uwex.edu/disted/conference/

© 2014 Laureate Education, Inc. Page 3 of 11http://www.uwex.edu/disted/conferencehttp://www.usdla.org/research-centerhttp:http://sloanconsortium.orghttp:http://www.merlot.orghttp:http://www.cosn.orghttp://www.iste.org/learn/publications/learning-leadinghttp://aect.site-ym.com/?page=techtrendshttp://aect.site-ym.com/?publications_landinghttp://www.iste.org/learn/publications/journals/jrtehttp://aect.sitehttp:https://www.iste.orghttp:http://www.aect.org

Specialization: Global and Comparative Education (GCE)

Name of Primary Professional Organization in the field: • Comparative and International Education Society http://www.cies.us/

Primary Research Journal in the field: • Comparative Education Review • Comparative Education • Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education

Primary Application Journal in the field: • The International Education Journal: Comparative Perspectives

Additional recommended resources: • Stanford’s International and Comparative Education Research Guide –

http://www.stanford.edu/group/cubberley/research_guides/International%20and% 20Comparative%20Education

• World Council of Comparative Education Societies – http://www.wcces.com//index.html

• Comparative Education Research Centre – http://cerc.comparativist.org/ • INSTEAD International – http://insteadinternational.com/ • Gulf Comparative Education Society – http://gulfcomped.ning.com/

Specialization: General and Self-Designed Specialization

Name of Primary Professional Organization in the field: • Refer to journals listed for other Specializations • National Education Association • K-College

Primary Research Journal in the field: • Refer to journals listed for other Specializations • Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory and Practice

Primary Application Journal in the field: • Refer to journals listed for other Specializations

Additional recommended resources: • Walden writing center webinar especially on writing and research. • Turnitin tutorial • APA manual review • Library tutorial for finding information • Demystifying working with your mentor and faculty member; it is ok to contact us

for information and help.

© 2014 Laureate Education, Inc. Page 4 of 11http:http://gulfcomped.ning.comhttp:http://insteadinternational.comhttp://cerc.comparativist.orghttp://www.wcces.com//index.htmlhttp://www.stanford.edu/group/cubberley/research_guides/International%20andhttp:http://www.cies.us

Specialization: Higher Education

Name of Primary Professional Organization in the field: • Association of American Colleges and Universities http://www.aacu.org/ • American Association of Community Colleges

http://www.aacc.nche.edu/Pages/default.aspx

Primary Research Journal in the field: • Educational Researcher http://www.aera.net/publications/?id=317 • Research in Higher Education http://www.springerlink.com/content/101599/ • International Journal of Special Education

http://www.internationaljournalofspecialeducation.com/

Primary Application Journal in the field: • The Journal of Higher Education

https://ohiostatepress.org/index.htm?journals/jhe/jhemain.htm • Women in Higher Education http://www.wihe.com/ • The Teaching Professor http://www.teachingprofessor.com/ • Diverse Issues in Higher Education http://www.diverseeducation.com • Teaching in Higher Education http://www.tandfonline.com/toc/cthe20/current • Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education • http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals/titles/02602938.asp • Teaching Exceptional Children http://journals.cec.sped.org/tec/

Additional recommended resources: • Studies in Higher Education http://www.tandfonline.com/toc/cshe20/current • Review of Higher Education

http://www.press.jhu.edu/journals/review_of_higher_education/ • Planning for Higher Education http://www1.scup.org/PHE/FMPro?-db=PHE.fp5&-

lay=Home&-format=home.htm&-FindAny • Journal of Higher Education Policy and Management

http://www.tandfonline.com/toc/cjhe20/current • Innovative Higher Education http://ihe.uga.edu/publications/innovative-higher-

education • Journal of College Teaching and Learning http://www.cluteinstitute.com/ • Learning Disabilities: A Multidisciplinary Journal

http://www.ldanatl.org/journal.asp • Journal of Emotional and Behavior Disorders http://ebx.sagepub.com/ • Journal of Secondary Gifted Education

http://pendientedemigracion.ucm.es/info/sees/web/LINKS/Journal%20of%20Sec ondary%20Gifted%20Education.htm

• Journal of Intellectual Disability Research http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1111/(ISSN)1365-2788

• Journal of Mental Health Research in Intellectual Disabilities http://www.tandfonline.com/toc/umid20/current

© 2014 Laureate Education, Inc. Page 5 of 11http://www.tandfonline.com/toc/umid20/currenthttp://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1111/(ISSN)1365-2788http://pendientedemigracion.ucm.es/info/sees/web/LINKS/Journal%20of%20Sechttp:http://ebx.sagepub.comhttp://www.ldanatl.org/journal.asphttp:http://www.cluteinstitute.comhttp://ihe.uga.edu/publications/innovative-higherhttp://www.tandfonline.com/toc/cjhe20/currenthttp://www1.scup.org/PHE/FMPro?-db=PHE.fp5http://www.press.jhu.edu/journals/review_of_higher_educationhttp://www.tandfonline.com/toc/cshe20/currenthttp://journals.cec.sped.org/techttp://www.tandf.co.uk/journals/titles/02602938.asphttp://www.tandfonline.com/toc/cthe20/currenthttp:http://www.diverseeducation.comhttp:http://www.teachingprofessor.comhttp:http://www.wihe.comhttps://ohiostatepress.org/index.htm?journals/jhe/jhemain.htmhttp:http://www.internationaljournalofspecialeducation.comhttp://www.springerlink.com/content/101599http://www.aera.net/publications/?id=317http://www.aacc.nche.edu/Pages/default.aspxhttp:http://www.aacu.org

Specialization: K-12 Leadership

Name of Primary Professional Organization in the field: • K-12 Leadership: American Association of School Administrators (AASA) • LPCE: American Educational Research Association (AERA)

Primary Research Journal in the field: • K-12 Leadership: Educational Researcher • LPCE: American Educational Research Journal

Primary Application Journal in the field: • K-12 Leadership: Education Administration Quarterly • LPCE: Journal of Education Policy

Additional recommended resources: K-12 Leadership

• NASSP – National Association of Secondary School Principals • NAESP – National Association of Elementary School Principals • ASCD – Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development • NABSE – National Alliance for Black School Educators • NEA – National Education Association

LPCE • UCEA – University Council on Educational Administration • CCSSO – Council of Chief State School Officers • NCES – National Center on Educational Statistics http://nces.ed.gov/ • ERIC – Education Resources Information Center • SREB – Southern Region Education Board • Chronicle of Higher Education

Specialization: Learning, Instruction, and Innovation (LII)

Name of Primary Professional Organization in the field: • International Society for Technology in Education (ISTE) – https://www.iste.org/ • Association for Educational Communications and Technology (AECT) –

http://www.aect.org/ • Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD) –

http://www.ascd.org • American Society for Training and Development (ASTD) – http://www.astd.org/

Primary Research Journal in the field: • Technology, Instruction, Cognition and Learning –

http://www.oldcitypublishing.com/TICL/TICL.html

© 2014 Laureate Education, Inc. Page 6 of 11http://www.oldcitypublishing.com/TICL/TICL.htmlhttp:http://www.astd.orghttp:http://www.ascd.orghttp:http://www.aect.orghttp:https://www.iste.orghttp:http://nces.ed.gov

• Journal of Research on Technology in Education – http://www.iste.org/learn/publications/journals/jrte

• Tech Trends – http://aect.site-ym.com/?page=techtrends

Primary Application Journal in the field: • ISTE: Learning & Leading – http://www.iste.org/learn/publications/learning-

leading • ASTD: T&D – http://www.astd.org/Publications/Magazines/TD

Additional recommended resources: • Consortium for School Networking (CoSN) – http://www.cosn.org/ • Multimedia Educational Resource for Learning and Online Teaching (Merlot) –

http://www.merlot.org/ • Sloan-C – http://sloanconsortium.org/

Specialization: Reading and Literacy Leadership

Name of Primary Professional Organization in the field: • International Reading Association (IRA) • Literacy Research Association

Primary Research Journal in the field: • AERA Journal (American Education Research Association) • Reading Teacher • Reading Research Quarterly • Education Researcher • Phi Delta Kappan • Journal of Literacy Research

Primary Application Journal in the field: • Educational Leadership • Journal of Adolescent and Adult Literacy

Additional recommended resources: American Journal of Evaluation (see www.eval.org) New Directions for Evaluation (see www.eval.org) American Evaluation Association Guiding Principles for Evaluators (see www.eval.org)

© 2014 Laureate Education, Inc. Page 7 of 11http:www.eval.orghttp:www.eval.orghttp:www.eval.orghttp:http://sloanconsortium.orghttp:http://www.merlot.orghttp:http://www.cosn.orghttp://www.astd.org/Publications/Magazines/TDhttp://www.iste.org/learn/publications/learninghttp://aect.site-ym.com/?page=techtrendshttp://www.iste.org/learn/publications/journals/jrte

Specialization: Special Education

Name of Primary Professional Organization in the field: • Council for Exceptional Children (http://www.cec.sped.org/)

Primary Research Journal in the field: Exceptional Children (journals.cec.sped.org/ec)

Primary Application Journal in the field: Teaching Exceptional Children (journals.cec.sped.org/tec)

Additional recommended resources:

• Learning Disabilities: A Multidisciplinary Journal www.ldanatl.org/journal.asp

• Journal of Emotional and Behavior Disorders (http://ebx.sagepub.com/) • Journal of Secondary Gifted Education

pendientedemigracion.ucm.es/…/Journal%20of%20Secondary%20Gifted

• Journal of Intellectual Disability Research onlinelibrary.wiley.com › … › Journal of Intellectual Disability Research

• Journal of Mental Health Research in Intellectual Disabilities www.tandfonline.com

Specialization: Teacher Leadership

Name of Primary Professional Organization in the field: • American Educational Research Association • National Association for Multicultural Education • National Council of Teachers of English • Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development

Primary Research Journal in the field: • Harvard Educational Review • Educational Researcher • Review of Educational Research • American Educational Research • Review of Research in Education

Primary Application Journal in the field: • Educational Leadership • Language Arts

© 2014 Laureate Education, Inc. Page 8 of 11http:www.tandfonline.comhttp:onlinelibrary.wiley.comhttp:pendientedemigracion.ucm.eshttp:http://ebx.sagepub.comwww.ldanatl.org/journal.asphttp:http://www.cec.sped.org

Additional recommended resources: • National Center for Education Statistics http://nces.ed.gov/ • SAGE Research Methods http://srmo.sagepub.com • Education Arena Bulletin http://www.educationarena.com/ • Research Methods Knowledge Base http://www.socialresearchmethods.net/kb/ • Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education

http://www.aace.org/ • International Society for Technology in Education https://www.iste.org/ • International Association for K-12 Online Learning http://www.inacol.org/

Specialization: Methodology (ALL STUDENTS)

Name of Primary Professional Organization in the field:

Primary Research Journal in the field: Specialization specific; see individual Specializations

Primary Application Journal in the field: Specialization specific; see individual Specializations

Additional recommended resources: American Journal of Evaluation (see www.eval.org ) New Directions for Evaluation (see www.eval.org ) American Evaluation Association Guiding Principles for Evaluators (see www.eval.org)

• All of the AERA Journals: o American Educational Research Journal o Review of Educational Research o Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis o Educational Researcher, Review of Research in Education o Journal of Educational and Behavioral Statistics

• Educational Administration Quarterly, Learning Environments Research

If you could give doctoral candidates one tip, what may it be?

The Walden Specialization directors were asked to give you some advice as you start your journey. The following is their counsel for you.

• Get involved in the professional associations within your field and subscribe to a few of the top journals to stay abreast of current news and research in the field.

• The “D” in the degree is for Determination. No matter what happens, keep moving forward! Every step moves you closer to the degree.

• Keep your eye on the diploma—do whatever is necessary to get from here to there.

© 2014 Laureate Education, Inc. Page 9 of 11http:www.eval.orghttp:www.eval.orghttp:www.eval.orghttp:http://www.inacol.orghttp:https://www.iste.orghttp:http://www.aace.orghttp://www.socialresearchmethods.net/kbhttp:http://www.educationarena.comhttp:http://srmo.sagepub.comhttp:http://nces.ed.gov

• I have 2 search strings running on Google Scholar for about 4 years now: • what is an evaluative case study • what is a qualitative Specialization evaluation

These have been goldmines for probably hundreds of articles that I have read — and I saved many.

• Focus on time management. • You need to understand that the pursuit of a doctoral degree requires

dedicated time and discipline. • Get involved. Begin to develop your professional identity with your chosen

field from the very start of your Specialization. Join at least one professional organization and become active in your state and/or local chapter. Find opportunities for service in your chosen field. Attend conferences. Read journals. Start to think about how you can contribute to the field and how you can grow as a scholar practitioner. These activities will add richness, depth, and context to your studies and will help you decide whether the field is right for you.

• We are preparing you for positions that don’t exist today. Technology is changing the way people learn and do business. Be prepared to be challenged in your thinking!

• A major part of the doctoral Specialization is the dissertation or doctoral study. As early as possible (maybe the second quarter) start reading recent dissertations or doctoral studies on topics of interest. Pay attention to the organization, writing style, and content. One a quarter, or every other quarter, will do. The Walden librarian can help locate appropriate documents. Doing this will help to demystify the process and reduce anxiety.

• Start reading about your area of interest right from the beginning of your Specialization. If you don’t have an area of interest, you need to explore immediately what local problems you might want to address.

• Decide on a dissertation topic you are passionate about. • Be excited and invest in your research. • Join the International Reading Association and try to attend a conference. • Watch for conferences of the American Education Research Association. • Stay current with topics in literacy education. • Focus on one aspect of literacy that is your passion and then learn about the

“movers and shakers” in that area. • Do not be wed to every word that you write. • Whatever your interest area, read, read, read, and read some more on the

topic/area of interest. • “Get ready to think outside the box … and be willing to throw the box away.”

Dr Cheri Toledo, Specialization coordinator, LII

© 2014 Laureate Education, Inc. Page 10 of 11

4 Articles related to specialization: Early Childhood Education

TOPIC: “ THE BENEFITS OF HANDS ON LEARNING IN EARLY CHILDHOOD “

https://www.canr.msu.edu/news/hands-on_learning_for_young_children#:~:text=Using%20hands%2Don%20activities%20in,ideas%20that%20children%20already%20understand.&text=Children%20are%20more%20likely%20to,skills%20have%20meaning%20for%20them.
https://www.funearlylearning.com/importance-pre-k-learning/

4 Articles related to specialization: Early Childhood Education

TOPIC: “ THE BENEFITS OF THE EARLY CHILDHOOD CLASSROOM “

https://www.startearly.org/why-early-childhood/
https://www.naeyc.org/our-work/families/what-does-high-quality-primary-classroom-look

4 Articles related to specialization: Early Childhood Education

TOPIC: “ THE BENEFITS / ISSUES OF THE EARLY CHILDHOOD CLASSROOM “

Benefits and a look into Early Childhood Classroom:

https://www.naeyc.org/our-work/families/what-does-high-quality-primary-classroom-look

3 Issues related to educational field in Early Childhood:

· Lack of Time for Planning (links below to gather information)

· https://kappanonline.org/time-teacher-learning-planning-critical-school-reform/

· https://www.21stcenturyschools.com/planning-time.html

· Parent engagement: (links below to gather information)

· https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&source=web&rct=j&url=https://www.prevention.psu.edu/uploads/files/rwjf432769.pdf&ved=2ahUKEwihzMDhwMHvAhXOLc0KHRzEDDkQFjAKegQIHhAC&usg=AOvVaw1-AzVC2MxdPK21Vp0MPUjZ

· https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&source=web&rct=j&url=https://childcareta.acf.hhs.gov/sites/default/files/public/parent_involvement_and_family_engagement_final_508_1.pdf&ved=2ahUKEwihzMDhwMHvAhXOLc0KHRzEDDkQFjAMegQICxAC&usg=AOvVaw0uK3iKxz-rfqYgMAZ6o62T

· Program standards: (links below to gather information)

· https://www.naeyc.org/our-work/families/value-naeyc-accredited-program

· https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&source=web&rct=j&url=https://www.naeyc.org/our-work/families/10-naeyc-program-standards%23:~:text%3DIt%2520helps%2520them%2520work%2520together,and%2520materials%2520to%2

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