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I have posted the ESOL questions IN THE UPLOAD FILE. This is an important assignment. Please follow the instruction provided. Your job is to complete Activity No 1, 2, and 3. Activity No. 1 is based on several websites provided in the text. Activity No. 2 is based on the textbook, several websites provided, and your cumulative global knowledge. Finally, Activity No. 3 is based on your personal history and cultural experiences. 

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You will have several examples of the ESOL project included in this module.

Most students struggle with questions 3 and 4. You have to customize question 3. For example, in Florida, a 15 credit hours are required for elementary education teachers.


These are the courses:

1) Methods of Teaching ESOL

2) ESOL Curriculum and Materials Development

3) Cross-Cultural Communication and Understanding

4) Applied Linguistics

5) Testing and Evaluation of ESOL




Activity 1 Standard #3.1. (c)

Domain 3: Methods of Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages (ESOL)

Standard 1: ESL/ESOL Research and History: Teachers will demonstrate knowledge of history, public policy, research and current practices in the field of ESL/ESOL teaching and apply this knowledge to improve teaching and learning for ELLs.

3.1.c. Demonstrate knowledge of the evolution of laws and policy in the ESL profession, including program models for ELL instruction.

Activity 2 Standard #1.1 (a,b,d)

Domain 1: Culture (Cross-Cultural Communications)

Standard 1: Culture as a Factor in ELLs’ Learning Teachers will know and apply understanding of theories related to the effect of culture in language learning and school achievement for ELLs from diverse backgrounds. Teachers will identify and understand the nature and role of culture, cultural groups, and individual cultural identities. 1.1. a. Understand and apply knowledge about cultural values and beliefs in the context of teaching and learning of ELLs, from diverse backgrounds and at varying English proficiency levels. 1.1.b. Understand and apply knowledge of concepts of cultural competence, particularly knowledge about how cultural identities affect learning and academic progress for students from diverse backgrounds and at varying English proficiency levels. 1.1. d. Understand and apply knowledge about the effects of racism, stereotyping, and discrimination in teaching and learning of ELLs from diverse backgrounds and at varying English proficiency levels.

Activity 3 Standard #2.2. (b,c)

Domain 2: Language and Literacy Standard 2: Language Acquisition and Development: Teachers will understand and apply theories and research on second language acquisition and development to support ELLs’ learning. 2.2.b. Recognize the importance of ELLs’ home languages and language varieties, and build on these skills as a foundation for learning English. 2.2.c. Understand and apply knowledge of sociocultural, sociopolitical, and psychological variables to facilitate ELLs’ learning of English.


The Consent Decree and ESOL Competencies

As a new student in the College of Education, you will face many challenging situations in your profession. To help

prepare you for many of these challenges, certain competencies are being instilled throughout your coursework. Of

immediate concern is a court action known as the Florida Consent Degree that deals with ESOL (English for Speakers of

Other Languages). As this will have application throughout your career, learn what the court has decreed.

Visit the following online resources to complete this activity.

Site # 1: Consult the College of Education ESOL site and review the ESOL Infusion Model used in courses:


Site # 2: Consent Decree http://www.fldoe.org/aala/cdpage2.asp

Site # 3: Timelines for Completion of the ESOL Training Requirements: http://www.fldoe.org/aala/rules.asphttp://education.ucf.edu/esolhttp://www.firn.edu/doe/omsle/cdpage2.htmhttp://www.fldoe.org/aala/cdpage2.asphttp://www.firn.edu/doe/omsle/timeline.htmhttp://www.fldoe.org/aala/rules.asp

Site # 4: Performance Standards for Teachers of English for Speakers of Other Languages:


Note: if the links are not working, you can start at the Florida Department of Education, Bureau of Student Achievement

Through Language Acquisition (SALA) website, and click on Consent Decree and In-service Training.

Answer these questions:

1) What court case brought about the Consent Decree? What was the basis of the lawsuit? Why is it known as

the Consent Decree? What impact has it had on teacher competencies?

2) How is this action by LULAC an example of what advocacy can achieve for supporting the needs and rights of

diverse learners? How is this related to multicultural education objectives?

3) How many hours of ESOL training are required of teachers in your subject area in Florida?

4) What are the basic training/course requirements for ESOL endorsement?

5) What is the ESOL Infusion Model used in the UCF College of Education? What end product is required to

demonstrate these competencies?


Criteria Poor Fair Good Excellent Florida Consent Decree reviewed, purpose and necessity explained

Understanding shown of multicultural education as comprehensive process involving all that educators think and do

Understanding shown of pluralistic policies and practices in regard to languages and cultural issueshttp://www.firn.edu/doe/omsle/perstand.htmhttp://www.fldoe.org/aala/pdf/ApprovedTeacherStandards.pdf

Training category and amount of training given, question about equal training answered with reasons

Understanding of the ESOL infusion model Mechanics: spelling, grammar, style professional Own words are used or phrases quoted and cited in APA style

Grade and Comments:


Individual Learning Activity: Impact of Discrimination and Prejudice on Language Learning

This course examines stereotypes and prejudices about diverse learners and develops intercultural awareness. Our own

experiences and the reactions of others to us are often determined by our membership in certain micro-cultures, such as

socio-economic status, culture and ethnicity, language, religion, and gender. These questions are aimed at increasing

your awareness of these issues and how these impact the experiences of the ELL learner. They address how teachers

can develop strategies to support ELL learners.

1) Describe the characteristics of the “dominant culture” in the U.S.A. What does the term “dominant” tell us about its

power and access to resources? How is language related to dominant culture?

2) Describe the characteristics of a Micro-culture. How have these microcultures been impacted by inequity and


3) Why is language a core diversity issue? How have cultural and linguistic groups been impacted by racism and

prejudice? Choose ONE major linguistic micro-culture (any non-English linguistic group) and briefly describe any

incidents of prejudice or discrimination or how they have been overcome. You may use examples from current

events or your own experience.

4) Why is bilingual education controversial? What are the stereotypes and challenges that face ELL students?

5) What is “Cultural Competence”? Consult the following websites to complete your answer. Quote one recognized

definition (List the reference in APA format) then describe “cultural competence” in your own words. List 5 major

ways that teachers of ELL students should develop “cultural competence”.

Visit the following online resources to complete this activity.

Site # 1: National Association for Bilingual Education


Site # 2: Consult the National Center for Cultural Competence


Site # 3: Consult the Center for Effective Collaboration and Practice site:


Site # 4: Defining Cultural Competence – OPB site



Criteria Poor Fair Good Excellent Understanding of role of the dominant culture in determining access to resources

Understanding of differential opportunities afforded different microcultures

Understanding of the impact of race and socioeconomic status on linguistic groups and minority ethnicities.

Understanding of the evolution of language in social transformation and constructivism

Awareness of the bilingual experience and stereotypes that can generate prejudice

Clearly defined “cultural competence” Described strategies teachers can use to prevent prejudice for ELL students.

Mechanics: spelling, grammar, style professional Own words are used or phrases quoted and cited in APA style

Grade and Comments:


Individual Learning Activity – Part 3 of 3 – Linguistic Influences and You

Our experiences and the reactions of others to us are often determined by our linguistic heritage. These questions and

reflections get you to think about how the way you speak is also an indication of the way you think about certain issues

related to bilingualism.

Visit the following website to complete the last question:

Site # 1: National Association for Bilingual Education


1) What is your linguistic and cultural heritage? What first language did your grandparents speak? Your

parents? Yourself? How have your cultural and personal experiences enriched your use of language?

2) Are you monolingual/bilingual/multilingual? Do you consider this an advantage?

3) Do you think that English should be formally declared the “official language” of the United States?

4) From an outsider’s point of view, everyone has a distinctive accent and dialect that stems from their ethnic, cultural

or regional origins. Describe your own accent. How has your accent influenced the way people respond to you

locally and when you travel away from home?

5) Do any of your friends speak another language at home? Have you ever been in an environment where another

language was being spoken and you couldn’t understand? How did you respond? What type of support or

strategies would have helped you in this context?


Criteria Poor Fair Good Excellent Demonstrated understanding of linguistic and ethnic heritage Understanding of the impact of being multilingual in developing intercultural competencies

Understanding of how accent and dialect determine cultural and linguistic heritage

Understanding shown of the contextual and cultural implications of bilingual educationhttp://www.nabe.org/b_ed_politics.html

Mechanics: spelling, grammar, style professional Own words are used or phrases quoted and cited in APA style

Grade and Comments:


Evaluated by: Semester Date

Total grade: 15 questions

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