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 Make sure you fill out the worksheet below in its entirety—otherwise the test will not be accurate. If the total for the source is 35+ points, it’s a good indication that it is credible (remember, though, the more points the better, and the only way for the C.R.A.A.P. test to work is to be as honest as possible when evaluating each source). If the source scores fewer than 35 points, it’s not strong enough to include in your essay and you should find another. 

After you find a credible source that can be used for your persuasive essay, identify it in the textbox below. Then, explain how the source fared with the C.R.A.A.P test by answering the following questions in one fully developed paragraph:

  1. What were the total points the source earned on the test?
  2. Where did it earn the most points? How did it earn these points?
  3. Where did it earn the least points? Why did it lose points here?
  4. How will this source help support the main argument (or counterargument) of your essay?


 In this activity, you’ll create an annotated bibliography by following the steps below and answering the questions as thoroughly as possible. The questions will prompt you to engage in a conversation with your sources. You will need to follow the steps below three times (for your three different sources).

Before you begin, make sure you have:

Selected sources from the Opposing Viewpoints database or the Academic Search Ultimate database.

At least one of your three sources should present a counterargument, a position that an opponent of your argument might make.

Applied the C.R.A.A.P test to the sources to determine if they are credible and reliable. (You can download a copy of The C.R.A.A.P. Test Worksheet. Remember, credible sources should score 35 points or more on the test.)

Specifically, the following critical elements must be addressed:

Identify your sources, including author, title, and the database information or website.

Summarize your source. (Use the template below.)

It seems this source is arguing ____________________.

This source is using the following evidence to support the argument: ____________________.

Credibility and Relevance

Explain the rationale for the credibility of the source by providing supporting evidence. (Use the template below.)

Personally, I believe the source is doing a (good job/bad job) of supporting its arguments because ____________________.

Explain the relevance of the source to your argument. (Use the template below.)

I think this source will be very helpful in supporting my argument because ________________________.


I will work to refute this counterargument in my essay by ________________________.

 Your annotations must include at least three sources. 

The C.R.A.A.P. Test Worksheet

The following questions will help you determine whether or not your source is reliable. Answer each of the questions for each category below. Once you’ve answered each question in a category, assign the category a numerical score between 1 and 10, with 1 meaning the source does not meet the criteria of the category at all and 10 meaning the source meets the criteria of the category excellently. Then, add up the scores to determine whether the source passes the (C.R.A.A.P.) test!

Source Title:

Category 1: Currency Category 1 Score:

· When was the information published?

· Has the information been revised or updated since?

· Is the information current or out-of-date?

Category 2: Relevance Category 2 Score:

· Does the information relate to your project?

· Have you looked at a variety other sources? Do other sources meet your needs more effectively?

· Who is the intended audience of the source?

Category 3: Authority Category 3 Score:

· Who is the author?

· What are the author’s credentials or organizational affiliations?

· What are the author’s qualifications to write on the topic?

Category 4: Accuracy Category 4 Score:

· Is the information supported by evidence?

· Has the information been reviewed or referred?

· Does the language or tone seem biased or objective?

Category 5: Purpose Category 5 Score:

· What is the author’s purpose? To inform? Persuade? Entertain?

· Is the information fact or opinion?

· Does the point of view seem to be objective or biased?

Understanding your score:

Below 30: Unacceptable

30-34: Questionable

35-39: Average

40-44: Good

45-50: Excellent