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Please do this part first:

Select one of the eight practice problems that burden the overall health of the United States. Conduct a library search for one quantitative research study addressing this problem. Appraise the quantitative research study using the Johns Hopkins Research Evidence Appraisal Tool. My practice problem is Obesity in Children from 0-5 years. Remember is quantitative not qualitative

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Please Answer each questions separated and use at least 3 sources no later than 5 years

Analyze the evidence summary of the selected quantitative research study to address the following.

1-Does the research design answer the research question? Explain your rationale.

2-Were the study sample participants representative? Why or why not?

3-Compare and contrast the study limitations in this study.

4-Based on this evidence summary, would you consider this quantitative research study as support for your selected practice problem? Explain your rationale.

After completed the first Part please (Transfer your findings to the Johns Hopkins Individual Evidence Summary Tool. Complete each column including specific details about the quantitative study.) fill it out the Johns Hopkins Research Evidence Appraisal Tool that I attached. I am going to put the example that you did the last week and I need the paperlink . The last week was qualitative and this week is quantitative.

Practice Question:

Date:

Article NumberAuthor and DateEvidence TypeSample, Sample Size, SettingFindings That Help Answer the EBP QuestionObservable MeasuresLimitationsEvidence Level, Quality
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Attach a reference list with full citations of articles reviewed for this Practice question.

Johns Hopkins Nursing Evidence-Based Practice

Appendix G: Individual Evidence Summary Tool

The Johns Hopkins Hospital/ The Johns Hopkins University

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Directions for Use of the Individual Evidence Summary Tool

Purpose

This form is used to document the results of evidence appraisal in preparation for evidence synthesis. The form provides the EBP team with documentation of the sources of evidence used, the year the evidence was published or otherwise communicated, the information gathered from each evidence source that helps the team answer the EBP question, and the level and quality of each source of evidence.

Article Number

Assign a number to each reviewed source of evidence. This organizes the individual evidence summary and provides an easy way to reference articles.

Author and Date

Indicate the last name of the first author or the evidence source and the publication/communication date. List both author/evidence source and date.

Evidence Type

Indicate the type of evidence reviewed (for example: RCT, meta-analysis, mixed methods, qualitative, systematic review, case study, narrative literature review).

Sample, Sample Size, and Setting

Provide a quick view of the population, number of participants, and study location.

Findings That Help Answer the EBP Question

Although the reviewer may find many points of interest, list only findings that directly apply to the EBP question.

Observable Measures

Quantitative measures or variables are used to answer a research question, test a hypothesis, describe characteristics, or determine the effect, impact, or influence. Qualitative evidence uses cases, context, opinions, experiences, and thoughts to represent the phenomenon of study.

Limitations

Include information that may or may not be within the text of the article regarding drawbacks of the piece of evidence. The evidence may list limitations, or it may be evident to you, as you review the evidence, that an important point is missed or the sample does not apply to the population of interest.

Evidence Level and Quality

Using information from the individual appraisal tools, transfer the evidence level and quality rating into this column.

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Johns Hopkins Nursing Evidence-Based Practice

Appendix G: Individual Evidence Summary Tool

Article NumberAuthor and DateEvidence TypeSample, Sample size, settingFindings that help in answering the EBP QuestionsObservable MeasuresLimitationsEvidence Level, Quality
ILidgate, E. D., & Lindenmeyer, A. (2018). A qualitative insight into informal childcare and childhood obesity in children aged 0–5 years in the UK. BMC Public Health, 18, 1229. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-018-6131-0Qualitative study.It involves gathering the data on human behavior to understand why and how the decision are made for example the authors performed the qualitative study with parents as well as informal carers to explore their experience in giving or receiving informal childcare for British children aged 0-5 years; the perceived reasons of the relationship between the informal childcare and the childhood obesity; and the most preferred intervention thoughts as well as the delivery approaches for the prevention of the obesity amongst children under informal care.The targeted population are the parents and the informal caregivers. About 14 participants i.e. 7 parents and 7 informal caregivers were put through a four in-depth focus groups. The settings were in Birmingham and Edinburgh with 1 parent group and 1 informal caregiver group in each city.The study is showing that obesity among children is linked to childhood obesity and informal childcare for children of ages 0-5 years.Education to the informal care is assisting in supporting parents and preventing obesity among children during their care. The study is helping in the generation of the rich insights into the potential components and the strategies that can be used as the future interventions that targets the informal caregivers, parents, and children of ages 0-5 years old. The study is important to the parents, caregivers, and the society as being the practical and the emotional support for the parents and the caregivers.The observable measures are the reported incidence of the childhood obesity as a result of the implementation of the informal care. The successful implementation of the informal care leads to the support to parents and prevention of obesity among children.The limitation of the study is associates with few number of the study participants due to the project limited timeframe. This therefore makes it essential to make an interpretation of the data with some limitations.VI, Moderate
2Tremblay, M. S., Chaput , J.-P., & Carson, V. (2017). Canadian 24-Hour Movement Guidelines for the Early Years (0–4 years): An Integration of Physical Activity, Sedentary Behaviour, and Sleep. BMC Public Health, 17, 874. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-017-4859-6Qualitative: a systematic review conducted on the physical activity and health indicators; sedentary behavior and health indicators; sleep and health indicators; and combined movement behaviors and health indicators.522 Canadian preschool-aged children from the CHMS.The Canadian 24-hour movement guidelines for early years (0-4 years) is helping in promoting movement behaviors across the whole day thus helping in addressing the issues of the childhood obesityIncreased in the movement behaviors.Reduction of the potential risk to obesity among children. Improvement in the health of the children of ages 1-4 years.Existence of incomplete evidence-based for the guidelines with low quality. the study is not representing the best available evidence collected through the systematic review and the original research. The research work is lacking adequate research to form specific aspects of the guidelines for example the dose-response research studies.I, High
3Lloyd, J., CStat, C. S., Logan, S., Green, C., Dean, S., Hillsdon , M., Abraham, C., Tomlinson, R., Pearson, V., Taylor, R., Ryan, E., Price, L., Streeter, A., Wyatt, K., & Wyatt, K. (2018). Effectiveness of the Healthy Lifestyles Programme (HeLP) to prevent obesity in UK primary-school children: a cluster randomised controlled trial. The Lancet Child & Adolescent Health, 2(1), 35-45. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2352-4642(17)30151-7Qualitative; targeted at establishing whether a school-based intervention for the children of ages 9-10 years would help in the prevention of the excessive weight gain after 2 years.Sample calculation assumed a mean of 35 children age 9-10 years in every school and this implies that a total of 1,120 samples were used. The participants were from primary and junior schools in Devon and Plymouth in the United Kingdom.School hosts many children and are ideal place to deliver the population-based interventions. This is important in addressing the issue of childhood obesity sinnce it helps in promoting healthy behaviors among children.Improvement in the healthy lifestyles; maintenance of the healthy body mass index; reduction in the obesity cases among children.The interventions used are highly heterogeneous in the design and most of the studies used for the research have some methodological weaknesses for example the inadequate statistical power, greater levels of attrition, differential uptake, follow-up, and the short-lived follow-up.

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