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In addition to the topic study materials, use the chart you completed and questions you answered in the Topic 3 about “Case Study: Healing and Autonomy” as the basis for your responses in this assignment.

Answer the following questions about a patient’s spiritual needs in light of the Christian worldview.

1. In 200-250 words, respond to the following: Should the physician allow Mike to continue making decisions that seem to him to be irrational and harmful to James, or would that mean a disrespect of a patient’s autonomy? Explain your rationale.

2. In 400-500 words, respond to the following: How ought the Christian think about sickness and health? How should a Christian think about medical intervention? What should Mike as a Christian do? How should he reason about trusting God and treating James in relation to what is truly honoring the principles of beneficence and nonmaleficence in James’s care?

3. In 200-250 words, respond to the following: How would a spiritual needs assessment help the physician assist Mike determine appropriate interventions for James and for his family or others involved in his care?

Remember to support your responses with the topic study materials.

While APA style is not required for the body of this assignment, solid academic writing is expected, and documentation of sources should be presented using APA formatting guidelines.

This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.

You are required to submit this assignment to LopesWrite.

Biomedical Ethics in the Christian Worldview

Part 1: Chart

Medical IndicationsBeneficence and NonmaleficencePatient PreferencesAutonomy
· The patient requires dialysis due to elevated blood pressure.· Glomerulonephritis kidney failure results in the patient’s injury.· The diagnosis showed the patient is having strep throat infection.· Antibiotics are suitable for managing strep throat infection.· Treatment is warranted since the condition is chronic and acute enough.· At first, Mike was briefed with available treatment alternatives.· The father of the two sons is clouded with the dilemma of whether he should tell one son to donate the kidney to the other son.· The mother of Joanne was not granted the right to decide the best alternative intervention.· The father has to decide Samuel that he has to donate the kidney, making his autonomy invalid.
Quality of LifeBeneficence, Nonmaleficence, AutonomyContextual FeaturesJustice and Fairness
· The quality of life for James continues to deteriorate due to her current condition.· His poor quality of life results from frequent dialysis sessions he has to undergo and, finally, have a kidney transplant.· Also, the quality of life for his twin brother is at peril after he donates a kidney.· Starting his dialysis sessions after consulting with a physician.· The decision-making process should involve both parents.· Since Samuel is minor, it is unfair for not involving him concerning the kidney donation process despite having no say on the matter.

Running head: BIOMEDICAL ETHICS IN THE CHRISTIAN WORLDVIEW 1

BIOMEDICAL ETHICS IN THE CHRISTIAN WORLDVIEW 2

Part 2: Evaluation

Question 1

Balancing health and science for a Christian is sometimes difficult. It is experienced with Mike and his family, who are entangled in deciding whether to trust their doctor or God. Their one child is sick, and they in a dilemma of choosing to put their faith in God or decided whether the other sone will donate a kidney. (Strom‐Gottfried, 2019) says fairness and justice are the pressing issues surrounding the Christian worldview of this family. Mike is confused on whether to make his quality of life deteriorate by donating a kidney to his twin brother. He is even worried about his brother’s quality of life for the medical procedure he has to undergo. According to the Christian worldview, a parent has the right to decide for minors who have no autonomy in making crucial decisions, especially on matters to do with health (Cook, 2020). The principle of autonomous, in this case, is on the scale. Christians need to show love to other human beings, but the question is, should they trust that Mike will heal from the dialysis process, or should they make a decision to save him and put the other son in harm?

Question 2

Because God’s ways are always fair and just, the same way, Christians should follow God’s command. The Bible says God rebuke Christians who act unjustly. In this case, therefore, the family should follow their Christian worldview by practicing justice and fairness in every situation. Also, giving one respect to consent is another autonomy principle that is pressing. It is the parents to decide whether they will decide to save their son and live with their choice consequences. According to Cook (2020), people should be prepared to face the consequences of their actions. As a result, autonomy is the second principle that should be observed in this case because God allows people to make choices. The third principle that should come into play is non-maleficence. In our case, doctors should act ethically not to inflict any form of unnecessary harm or pain during care (Cook, 2020). Lastly, the beneficence principle must be observed. Medical practitioners must provide the best medical care; however, parent’s faith in God will play a key role in determining the kind of decision to be made (Bibler, Shinall Jr & Stahl, 2018).

ReferencesBibler, T. M., Shinall Jr, M. C., & Stahl, D. (2018). Responding to those who hope for a miracle: practices for clinical bioethicists. The American Journal of Bioethics18(5), 40-51.Cook, J. T. (2020). Introduction to Biomedical Ethics. In Bioethical Controversies in Pediatric Cardiology and Cardiac Surgery (pp. 1-27). Springer, Cham.Strom‐Gottfried, K. (2019). Ethics in Health Care. Handbook of Health Social Work, 39-70.Writer, H. T. Case Study: Healing and Autonomy.

Rubic_Print_Format

Course CodeClass CodeAssignment TitleTotal Points
PHI-413VPHI-413V-O500Benchmark – Patient’s Spiritual Needs: Case Analysis200.0
CriteriaPercentageUnsatisfactory (0.00%)Less Than Satisfactory (65.00%)Satisfactory (75.00%)Good (85.00%)Excellent (100.00%)CommentsPoints Earned
Content90.0%
Decision-Making and Principle of Autonomy30.0%Decisions that need to be made by the physician and the father are not analyzed according to the principle of autonomy.Decisions that need to be made by the physician and the father are analyzed from both perspectives, but the analysis according to the principle of autonomy is unclear. Analysis is not supported by the case study, topic study materials, or Topic 3 assignment responses.Decisions that need to be made by the physician and the father are clearly analyzed from both perspectives, but the analysis according to the principle of autonomy lack details. Analysis is not supported by the case study, topic study materials, or Topic 3 assignment responses.Decisions that need to be made by the physician and the father are clearly analyzed from both perspectives with details according to the principle of autonomy. Analysis is supported by the case study, topic study materials, or Topic 3 assignment responses.Decisions that need to be made by the physician and the father are analyzed from both perspectives with a deep understanding of the complexity of the principle of autonomy. Analysis is supported by the case study, topic study materials, or Topic 3 assignment responses.
Decision-Making, Christian Perspective, and the Principles of Beneficence and Nonmaleficence30.0%Decisions that need to be made by the physician and the father are not analyzed according to the Christian perspective and the principles of beneficence and nonmaleficence.Decisions that need to be made by the physician and the father are analyzed according to the Christian perspective and the principles of beneficence and nonmaleficence, but the analysis is unclear. Analysis is not supported by the case study, topic study materials, or Topic 3 assignment responses.Decisions that need to be made by the physician and the father are clearly analyzed according to the Christian perspective and the principles of beneficence and nonmaleficence but lacks details. Analysis is not supported by the case study, topic study materials, or Topic 3 assignment responses.Decisions that need to be made by the physician and the father are clearly analyzed with details according to the Christian perspective and the principles of beneficence and nonmaleficence. Analysis is supported by the case study, topic study materials, or Topic 3 assignment responses.Decisions that need to be made by the physician and the father are analyzed with deep understanding of the complexity of the Christian perspective, as well as with the principles of beneficence and nonmaleficence. Analysis is supported by the case study, topic study materials, or Topic 3 assignment responses.
Spiritual Needs Assessment and Intervention (C1.2, 5.2)30.0%How a spiritual needs assessment would help the physician assist the father determine appropriate interventions for his son, his family, or others involved in the care of his son is not analyzed.How a spiritual needs assessment would help the physician assist the father determine appropriate interventions for his son, his family, or others involved in the care of his son is analyzed, but unclear. Analysis is not supported by the case study, topic study materials, or Topic 3 assignment responses.How a spiritual needs assessment would help the physician assist the father determine appropriate interventions for his son, his family, or others involved in the care of his son is clearly analyzed but lacks details. Analysis is not supported by the case study, topic study materials, or Topic 3 assignment responses.How a spiritual needs assessment would help the physician assist the father determine appropriate interventions for his son, his family, or others involved in the care of his son is clearly analyzed with details. Analysis is supported by the case study, topic study materials, or Topic 3 assignment responses.How a spiritual needs assessment would help the physician assist the father determine appropriate interventions for his son, his family, or others involved in the care of his son is clearly analyzed with a deep understanding of the connection between a spiritual needs assessment and providing appropriate interventions. Analysis is supported by the case study, topic study materials, or Topic 3 assignment responses.
Organization, Effectiveness, and Format10.0%
Mechanics of Writing (includes spelling, punctuation, grammar, language use)5.0%Surface errors are pervasive enough that they impede communication of meaning. Inappropriate word choice or sentence construction is used.Frequent and repetitive mechanical errors distract the reader. Inconsistencies in language choice (register) or word choice are present. Sentence structure is correct but not varied.Some mechanical errors or typos are present, but they are not overly distracting to the reader. Correct and varied sentence structure and audience-appropriate language are employed.Prose is largely free of mechanical errors, although a few may be present. The writer uses a variety of effective sentence structures and figures of speech.Writer is clearly in command of standard, written, academic English.
Documentation of Sources (citations, footnotes, references, bibliography, etc., as appropriate to assignment and style)5.0%Sources are not documented.Documentation of sources is inconsistent and/or incorrect, as appropriate to assignment and style, with numerous formatting errors.Sources are documented, as appropriate to assignment and style, although some formatting errors may be present.Sources are documented, as appropriate to assignment and style, and format is mostly correct.Sources are completely and correctly documented, as appropriate to assignment and style, and format is free of error.
Total Weightage100%