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In Week 3, you conducted an annotated bibliography based on the topic you chose. For this week, you will take that information and incorporate it into a final paper.

  • The final paper will begin with an introduction of the topic you chose, using what you learned from the course to support your writing.
  • The next section will be the literature review. The literature review is taking what you wrote for Week 3 Project with editing to fit into the essay (i.e., paragraph) format. Remember, the article references are now moved from the top of each article to the reference page.
  • The next section will be the conclusion. The conclusion is basically a synthesis of what you learned from the literature review on your topic. What should also be included is what you learned throughout the course as it relates to your topic.
  • Finally, there is the reference page. Make sure to follow APA format for all references.

Your paper should adhere to the following guidelines:

For the main sections, it should have:

  • A title page
  • An abstract (not more than 250 words)
  • An introduction (the introduction not to be included as a heading)
  • A literature review
  • Conclusions
  • References

Treatments for Mood Disorders.html

Treatments for Mood Disorders

Much like psychotherapy models for anxiety disorders, mood disorders also have different approaches to treatment such as CBT, psychodynamic therapy, family-based therapy, behavioral therapy, and interpersonal therapy.

Biological models for understanding mood disorders include genetic models, endocrine models, and neurochemical models. Biological approaches to treatment take each of these into consideration but focus primarily on how they affect neurochemistry. For example, researchers have found that some people have genetic dispositions that affect how they respond to certain medications as well as hormones can affect the action of neurotransmitters.

Evidence has shown that the best treatment option for mood disorders is medication combined with psychotherapy. However, psychotherapy has also been shown as an effective stand-alone treatment. Psychotherapy not only helps with cognitive, emotional, and behavioral symptoms, but it also affects brain chemistry. There are many different types of psychotherapy treatments. Let’s review the typical types used in the treatment of mood disorders.Advances in neuroimaging technologies as well as genetic and molecular measuring capabilities are giving new insights into how mood disorders and brain structure and chemistry interact and how they are paving new ways for treatment. New medications are being developed, and progress is being made in finding ways to individualize treatment based on genetic information. While we still struggle to understand mood disorders, we are finding promising results in research for several potential treatment options. One area showing promise in research is brain stimulation therapies. 

Treatments for Anxiety Disorders.html

Treatments for Anxiety Disorders

Empirically supported treatments (ESTs) refer to those psychological treatments that substantial research evidence has found to be effective in reducing or eliminating mental health disorders. On the whole, there are more ESTs for anxiety disorders as compared to other disorders. In other words, we have effective treatments for most, if not all, anxiety disorders. However, it is often the case that clinicians—in their treatment of anxiety—use treatments that have not been empirically validated. An analogy would be a medical doctor using treatment techniques that have no research backing or a dentist using techniques that have not been proven effective through research. Keep in mind, this doesn’t necessarily mean the treatments are inadequate; it simply means they haven’t been the focus of research studies.

Research findings indicate that the following therapies are effective for anxiety:

  • Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT) (strong findings) for GAD
  • Cognitive therapy and exposure and response prevention (strong findings) for OCD
  • CBT (strong findings) and applied relaxation (modest findings) for panic disorder
  • Exposure and cognitive processing (strong findings) for PTSD
  • CBT (strong findings) for social phobia
  • Exposure (strong findings) for simple phobia
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