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There are two students’ discussions. Please respond to both discussion with 1-2 paragraphs for each post.

Barb Decker 

Largest Influence on Gender Roles in contemporary American society.

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      It is my belief that the largest influence on gender roles in contemporary American society are parents and peers.  As children, we watch our parents and look to them for our earliest guidance.  The roles that they play in the family unit are how we gauge our belief systems.  As we grow older, become educated and exposed to other lives and lifestyles, we can make choices of how we want to tweak our own identities and roles. Gender differences are developed through the process of socialization where such differences are strengthened during childhood as well as adolescence(Hussain et al, 2015)  Where boys may ask the question “Am I better than you?,” girls will typically ask “Do you like me?” (Hussain et al., 2015)

     Research studies show that parental behavior toward their children, either overt or covert, is the primary influence on gender role stereotyping development in early life (Hussain et al, 2015) If parents follow a more traditional gender role of Male as the bread winner, female as the nurturer it is highly likely that the children will be influenced to follow this traditional role.  But If there are gender fluid children, these roles no longer fight he ideals that they feel or believe internally.  Therefore, these children and young adults look to their peers for acceptance and validation.  Parents must be aware and open to the scripts; or behaviors, rules and expectations associated with a role, (Yarber, 2015) that they project in the household to allow for these differences.

 References:

Hussain, M., Naz, A., Khan, W., Daraz, U., & Khan, Q. (2015). Gender Stereotyping in Family. SAGE Open, 5(3), 215824401559525. https://doi.org/10.1177/2158244015595258

Yarber, W. (2015). Create-Only Human Sexuality: Diversity in Contemporary America. [VitalSource Bookshelf]. Retrieved from https://bookshelf.vitalsource.com/#/books/9781259298844/

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Logan Talbott 

The Parentals

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There is no bond on this Earth as profound or ancient as that of a parent and their child. An infant locks eyes with their caregiver before they can recognize or interpret anything else. Parents are the most pivotal socializing agents who establish a foundation for their child, albeit a malleable one, because they are the most influential source of learning during the child’s early developmental stages (Yarber & Sayad, 2015). One’s upbringing heavily applies to their concept of gender roles and how they relate (or do not relate) to their biological sex. This can occur unintentionally through praising or reprisal of certain behaviors, language used to describe the child’s behavior, and most importantly through activity exposure (Yarber & Sayad, 2015). It is through activities the children are placed in that the various other secondary social agents exist such as peers, mentors, media, and the general social culture that exists in their environment.  

In one study, theorists on the childhood development define these specific activities and environments is through a parental strategy called niche selection, which has a paramount affect on the child’s emotional development(Rothenberg, 2017). Parents tend to have a rationale in deciding how to invest time and money on their children. The study showed positive emotional development of a characteristic in children, like gratitude for example, is correlated with adaptive social, mental health, and physical health outcomes (Rothenberg, 2017). What does this all mean? It means that in many cases, parents have the influence to shape the entirety of their children’s lives. 

If a parent adheres to strict gender norms with their children when planning activities it is entirely possible that it will result in internal conflict as the child grows up identifying in a way outside this cookie-cutter “norm” that has yet to be erased from Western culture. Similarly, if parents of other children are raised as intolerant to gender fluidity, it creates a complex and often hostile peer-to-peer social environment. 

References:

Yarber, W., & Sayad, B. (2015). Human Sexuality: Diversity in Contemporary America (9th ed.). New York, United States: McGraw-Hill Education.

Rothenberg, W., Hussong, A., Langley, H., Egerton, G., Halberstadt, A., Coffman, J., Mokrova, I., & Costanzo, P. (2017). Grateful parents raising grateful children: Niche selection and the socialization of child gratitude. Applied Developmental Science, 21(2), 106–120. https://doi.org/10.1080/10888691.2016.1175945

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