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Assignment is also due Wednesday afternoon. Create a handout. Use graphic. Sample paper is attached

Directions

An in-depth understanding of developmental milestones in infants and toddlers will help families and educators collaborate to promote healthy cognitive, social, emotional, physical, and language development in young children.

For this assignment, you will create a digital handout for each of the ages listed (birth to 12 months; 13-24 months; 25-36 months; and 37-48 months) that could be emailed to families. The handouts should be professionally presented and visually appealing.

In each handout, you will explain developmental milestones children should achieve at each of the following ages. The handouts must include:

· Description of cognitive, social, emotional, physical, and language development characteristics and needs of a child at that age

· Description of at least one milestone in each developmental area

· Explanation of the long-term importance of each milestone 

· Two strategies families can use to help their children with development

Support your handouts with 3-5 scholarly references.

Understanding Developmental Milestones

Eric A. Hammond

Grand Canyon University: ECE-530

11 December 2019

Shared with student permission

Running head: ASSIGNMENT TITLE HERE

Image result for six month old Milestones: Birth-12 months

A dramatic year of growth occurs in the first 12 months of life. During the first year, the child is rapidly learning about the world around them through the language they receive and the interactions they have with others. The child also essentially moves from immobility to the beginning stages of walking.

Developmental domainMilestone(CDC, 2019)Importance of milestoneFamily strategy 1Family strategy 2
CognitiveLooks for things they see you hideBegins to build memory skills which leads towards recall (TS Gold, 2010)Play hide-and-seek with the child(CDC, 2019)Hide objects under blankets or furniture, within reach of child
SocialShy or nervous with strangersChild has made new experiences and can distinguish between familiar people and strangersAllow for time to get to know a new caretaker (CDC, 2019)Take a favorite object with child when meeting someone new (CDC, 2019)
EmotionalClingy with familiar adultsThe child is using the adult as a secure base as they begin to explore their surroundings (TS Gold, 2010)Stay near child as they become more mobile (CDC, 2019)Pay attention to how child reacts to new situations and people(CDC, 2019)
PhysicalPulls up to stand and walks while holding onChild holds on in order to begin gaining balanceProvide safe places for child to explore in home(CDC, 2019)Get child a push toy such as a wagon or push car(CDC, 2019)
LanguageTries to repeat spoken wordsIn repeating sounds, babies begin to make connection between sound and object it stands for (Zero to Three, 2019)Build on what child attempts to say: “Yes, fire truck is red” when child makes /r/ sound(CDC, 2019)Use self-talk to describe own actions such as, “I am getting a spoon from the kitchen.”

Image result for two year old child Milestones: 13-24 months

The second year of life begins with learning to walk and ends with being able to kick a ball. The child is beginning to have social interactions with peers and is beginning to use words when interacting with others. The child is also gaining independence in the second year as they begin to show confidence in doing things for themselves. Cognitively, the child is beginning to identify different attributes of objects.

Developmental domainMilestone (CDC, 2019)Importance of milestoneFamily strategy 1Family strategy 2
CognitiveBegins to sort shapes and colorsMatching similar objects leads towards beginning to sort by different attributes (TS Gold, 2010)During play, name shapes and colors (CDC, 2019)Model sorting shapes by finding similarly shaped objects in room
SocialBegins to include other children in playIncluding other children in play begins to develop social skills such as sharing and negotiationOn play dates, provide lots of toys for more than once child (CDC, 2019)Watch interaction and step in during conflict(CDC, 2019)
EmotionalShows increasing independenceDoing things for self will begin to develop confidence in meeting own needs(TS Gold, 2010)Include child in simple chores such as sweeping (CDC, 2019)Praise child for independent work and good behaviors(CDC, 2019)
PhysicalKicks a ballKicking a stationary ball develops gross motor skills, leads towards kicking with a fluid motion(TS Gold, 2010)Kick a ball back and forth with child (CDC, 2019)Allow child to kick balls of different size and material
LanguageSays sentences with 2-4 wordsSpeaking in short sentences leads towards speaking in complete sentences and becoming more easily understood (TS Gold, 2010)Encourage the child to use words instead of pointing (CDC, 2019)Do not correct child after incorrect speech, model correct language(CDC, 2019)

Milestones: 25-36 months Image result for 3 year old

By the age of three years, your child can more easily separate from family members, recognize the emotions of others, and engage in make-believe play. The child can easily run in a straight line, and they are beginning to have conversations while communicating in sentences.

Developmental domainMilestone (CDC, 2019)Importance of milestoneFamily strategy 1Family strategy 2
CognitivePlays make-believe with dolls and peopleChildren learn and make meaning through playProvide materials for child to act out a familiar scenarioFollow child’s lead in make-believe play(CDC, 2019)
SocialShows concern for a friendThe child is recognizing emotions of someone else and beginning to show sympathyHelp the child understand another’s feelings through explanation (Zero to Three, 2019)Practice making faces of different emotion with the child in a mirror
EmotionalSeparates easily from mom and dadChild is gaining internal security and showing confidence in separation. More ready to learn in a school setting.Set a routine and follow it when regularly separating, such as schoolGive a hug, say “goodbye” and leave when dropping off child
PhysicalRuns easilyAble to begin to make more complex movements, like through obstacle course (TS Gold, 2010)Play outside often with child such as a park (Zero to Three, 2019)Have a race with your child when space available
LanguageHas conversation using 2-3 sentencesAble to share more information and moving towards maintaining longer conversations (TS Gold, 2010)Encourage your child to expand an answer when asking about their likes or dislikesAsk questions that require more than a yes or no(Zero to Three, 2019)

Image result for four year old child Milestones: 37-48 months

During the fourth year, the child is beginning to experience more cooperative social interaction with peers. The child understands the concept of counting, is more inventive in pretend play, and can tell stories. For feeding tasks, the child is more independently able to do things for themselves.

Developmental domainMilestone (CDC, 2019)Importance of milestoneFamily strategy 1Family strategy 2
CognitiveUnderstands the idea of countingFoundation of counting is the building block of mathematicsHave child count a group of any objects, like Cheerios. Ask ‘How many are there?’While walking around home, see how many steps it takes to get from one room to another
SocialCooperates with other childrenAble to enter in or invite to play with others and then works towards a common goal(TS Gold, 2010)During play dates, let child solve problems with friends (CDC, 2019)Encourage child to share toys or take turns in games(CDC, 2019)
EmotionalMore and more creative in pretend playChild is beginning to assign and assume roles in the completion of an activity(TS Gold, 2010)Play make-believe with child, let child take the lead(CDC, 2019)Role play an upcoming event which may be nervous to the child(CDC, 2019)
PhysicalPours, cuts food with supervision and mashes foodDeveloping fine motor skills as well as feeding with independence (TS Gold, 2010)When cooking, allow child to help by mixing and mashing ingredientsAt bath time, allow child to explore pouring plastic cups of various sizes
LanguageTells storiesShows ability to recall events and to begin to tell more elaborate stories(TS Gold, 2010)Encourage child to tell about a favorite vacation or visitSupport child to add detail to stories by asking questions with some specificity

References

Center for Disease Control (CDC). (2019). Milestone checklists. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/actearly/pdf/checklists/Checklists-with-Tips_Reader_

508.pdf

Teaching Strategies GOLD (TS Gold). (2010). Objectives for development & learning. Retrieved from https://gold.teachingstrategies.com/content/GOLD/helpitems/GOLD_Progressions

_EN.pdf

Zero to Three. (2019). Your child’s development: Age-based tips from birth to 36-months. Retrieved from https://www.zerotothree.org/resources/series/your-child-s-development-age-based-tips-from-birth-to-36-months