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This week, you will practice integrating at least one source into a paragraph of your Analysis of a Written Text essay.  This will provide you with an opportunity to receive feedback on your integration before the final essay is due.  The assignment requirements:

  • Write one paragraph that integrates at least one source (this can be either the essay you have chosen to analyze or an external source). Per APA, a complete paragraph is three to five or more sentences.  For this assignment, aim for at least five full sentences.  Note: the paragraph formatting instructions from the lesson on How to Organize an Analysis of a Written Text Essay can help! 
  • Include an in-text citation that follows the correct APA format: (Author, year) or (Author, year, p. #) when directly quoting.
  • After your paragraph, write the full source reference as it would appear on your References page.

Note: The paragraph you submit can be from any section of your paper (the introduction, a body paragraph, the conclusion); the only requirement is that it integrates a source.  The How to Cite “Cheat Sheet”Preview the document and Purdue OWL (Links to an external site.) are resources that can assist you with this assignment.

Running head: “Globalization of Eating Disorders” 1

“Globalization of Eating Disorders” 5

“Globalization of Eating Disorders”: An Analysis

L. Michelle Shaw

South College



Eating disorders are complicated health eating habits that affect many people globally. While this was never a problem in many parts of the world in the past, globalization and media penetration around the world has influenced the perceptions of many young minds, causing them to abandon their cultural eating practices to embrace those from the west, which highlight skinniness as being sexy in this modern world. There is also the influence of fast food eating that has gradually spread into many countries with the opening of such restaurants. This paper will examine three articles and will demonstrate how unhealthy eating seems to be more Western influenced. The current health confusion is as a result of western culture.

Eating Disorder

Eating disorder is a term that is used to refer to an event where a person’s healthy eating habits change into unhealthy ones. While there are many of these, anorexia is a major disorder caused by voluntary deprived eating, triggered by the fear of becoming overweight. The thought of being chubby becomes an obsession such that it affects the individual’s mentality regarding the matter, to a point where it affects their digestion processes through throwing up consumed meals.

Michelle Robertson is the author of “Orion Magazine.” As a recovered anorexic, she narrates her experience with anorexia and how it affects a person. While many people imagine it to be a simple problem, Robertson helps the reader see how complicated a matter it is, one that takes time before the victim can enjoy full recovery. In her story, this writer’s desire was to stay skinny in order to fit the body images she saw on magazines and movies. By narrating her own story, this author employs ethos to win the readers trust. She applies pathos to influence her struggles and logos where she compares her pitiable life with that of the estivating newts. Through her story, the audience is able to see and feel the struggles of an anorexic person, and to view the disorder as an issue needing professional help.

Susan Bordo, in her article, “The Globalization of Eating Disorders,” seeks to explain the root of anorexia and other unhealthy eating habits. In her view, globalization has influenced the Western ideology of not only the meaning of sexy, but also unhealthy eating. Together with the media that has penetrated globally, they have brought the idea that skinny is beautiful, and increased fast food restaurant eating in various countries. ‘Skinny’ in the West is qualified as good looking. Fast foods qualify as a solution to busy working persons. The former causes anorexia, while has resulted in unhealthy feeding habits, and both these problems highly affect the young generations.

Anon, the author of “Freewriting” explains to the writer observes how globalization has changed people’ views on their eating habits, as more embrace the Western eating culture. Together, both authors apply ethos to appeal to their readers. Here, they bring out the real situation on the ground by exposing how the youth are getting affected by the spreading Western culture. While they are not against this lifestyle, they note how it leaves negative impressions on the youth. The idea of staying skinny and eating fast foods instead of fixing healthy meals brings confusion to the idea of the real meaning of what healthy is.


In conclusion, the three articles demonstrate that eating disorders are not a community thing, but rather a mentally impressible one. The Western culture is here to stay. This means that young people around the world will stay bound by this influence, unless a better solution is found.


Anon. (2020). Freewriting

Bordo, S. (n.d.). The Globalization of Eating Disorders. pp.1-4

Robertson, M. (September 28, 2015). Orion Magazine

How to Cite


Website with author:

Last, First Initial. (Year, Month Day). Page title. Retrieved from URL

Website with no author:

Page title. (Year, Month Day). Retrieved from URL

Citing books:

Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Title of work: Capital letter also for subtitle. Location: Publisher.

Citing journals (first for if you have DOI. Second if you do not have the DOI number):

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Date of publication). Title of article. Title of Journal, volume number, page range. doi:0000000/000000000000 or http://doi.org/10.0000/0000

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Date of publication). Title of article. Title of Journal, volume number. Retrieved from https://owl.purdue.edu/owl/research_and_citation/apa _style/apa_formatting_and_style_guide/reference_list_electronic_sources.html

Citing dictionaries:

Feminism. (n.d.). In Encyclopædia Britannica online. Retrieved from http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/724633/feminism

Group Organizational or Government Agencies as Authors (no single authors listed):

Name of Organization. (Date of publication). Title of the web page in sentence case. Retrieved from https://bowvalleycollege.libguides.com/c.php?g=494959&p=3386853

Reference twins:

Koriat, A. (2008a). Easy comes, easy goes? The link between learning and remembering and its exploitation in metacognition. Memory & Cognition, 36, 416–428. doi:10.3758/MC.36.2.416

Koriat, A. (2008b). Subjective confidence in one’s answers: The consensuality principle. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 34, 945–959. doi:10.1037/0278-7393.34.4.945

In the text, citations would be styled as follows: (Koriat, 2008a) and (Koriat, 2008b).

Newspaper in print:

Schwartz, J. (1993, September 30). Obesity affects economic, social status. The Washington Post, pp. A1, A4.

Newspaper online:

Brody, J. E. (2007, December 11). Mental reserves keep brain agile. The New York Times. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com

Government authors info: http://libguides.gwumc.edu/c.php?g=27779&p=170369

In-text citing

(A. Levine, personal communication, May 12, 20015)

Author and Year only: (AuthorLastName,Year)

Author and Year with page number: (AuthorLastName, Year, p.#)

Author and Year with multiple page numbers: (AuthorLastName, Year, pp.#-#)

Title and not author of webpage or article: (“Title,” year)

Organizational Author: (Organization Name, year)

Government author: (Agency, year)

Definition: (“term looked up,” year)

Author with year but wrote two articles same year: Entry 1 = (Smith, 2104a), Entry 2 = (Smith, 2014b)

Multiple authors:

Number of authorsFirst text citation (either parenthetical or narrative)Subsequent text citations (all)
One or twoSinger & Winchester, 2008Singer & Winchester, 2008
Three, four, or fiveTyler, Bieber, Carter, & Knowles, 2007Tyler et al., 2007
Six or moreWillis et al., 2010Willis et al., 2010
Freewriting:Despite the fact that globalization has come along with a lot of advantages, there are negative sides. Globalization has affected the culture of eating healthy. Peer influence also becomes another factor of consideration when it comes to the issue of eating healthy.
Thesis Statement:Globalization has had a major impact on eating disorders due to the mixing of cultures, influence of media, technology and peer influence.Research to include in introduction (if any):Globalization is only known for its positives and rarely for the negative impact has it on mental health. Globalization has been known to bring different cultures together leading to major cultural changes. These cultural changes lead to globalization playing an indirect role in the promotion of eating disorders like Anorexia Nervosa and Bulimia Nervosa. Eating disorders are considered health compromising behaviors which increase the risk of major complications.
Topic / Discussion Point 1:Media influenceTextual evidence to support Point 1:The media is a marketing and influencing tool. When fast foods use the media to pass the trend and culture of fast foods.Research to support Point 1 (if any):Most of the movies and other media advocate for fast foods (Gerbasi et al. 2014).
Topic / Discussion Point 2:TechnologyTextual evidence to support Point 2:Technology has promoted the introduction of social media. Social media continues to influence the eating habits of the global population.Research to support Point 2 (if any):Social media is becoming a huge influencer (Bordo, 2013). Therefore, the content shared on social media affects the lives of humans.
Topic / Discussion Point 3:GlobalizationTextual Evidence to support Point 3:Globalization has led to the adoption of fast foods thus affecting the eating habits of the global population.Research to support Point 3 (if any):People across the world are adopting the eating behaviors and patterns of their counterparts (Bordo, 2013). As a result, eating disorder is becoming a norm at a global capacity.
ConclusionGlobalization of eating disorders has been fueled by technology which has enhanced interaction between different cultures. Eating disorders are health compromising behaviors and education is needed to help the patients.Research to include in the conclusion (if any):Eating disorders are harder to treat as treatment involves the patient admitting they have a problem. Education offers the best solution in limiting the development.


Bordo Susan. (2013). The Globalization of eating Disorders. Thinking, Reading and writing about the new global Era pgs 19-22.

Gerbasi, M. E., Richards, L. K., Thomas, J. J., Agnew-Blais, J. C., Thompson-Brenner, H., Gilman, S. E., & Becker, A. E. (2014). Globalization and eating disorder risk: peer influence, perceived social norms, and adolescent disordered eating in Fiji. The International journal of eating disorders47(7), 727–737. https://doi.org/10.1002/eat.22349