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Discussion: The Evolution of Addiction Models

There are differences on how addiction is seen from a moral failing, with people suffering from addiction shunned for their weakness to addiction being considered a disease that can be treated.

Addiction work incorporates several models for understanding addiction and addictive behavior. Addiction models not only attempt to explain the causes and behaviors of addiction, but they are also used as a basis for treatment. To understand the current approach of addiction treatment, it is essential to study the various historical models of addiction, as each has influenced the understanding and treatment of addiction today. It is also imperative to distinguish between different types of addiction because they may be best described by different models. For example, chemical dependence is a type of indigestive addiction of alcohol or drugs, whereas a process or behavioral addiction is considered a behavioral pattern such as gambling addiction (Capuzzi & Stauffer, 2016).

For this Discussion, you consider how the definitions, perceptions, and treatment of addiction have evolved.

To Prepare:

Go to the Walden Library and locate at least two recent articles discussing the current view of addictions.

Provide a Discussion Post which contains the following content, topics, and headings:

–  A comparison between two models from the text that explain how addiction treatment has been viewed. 

– Briefly explain the articles you located on current conceptualizations of addiction and identify if there are similarities from the models you found in your additional research.

– Explain how these models have influenced perceptions of and treatment for addiction.

Must contain at least 3 references and citations 

Week 1: Introduction to Addiction

José is a fifty-two year-old Latino male who has worked for a lumber company for the past 20 years. Recently, José’s employer asked him to take a random drug test, and it came back positive for drugs. To keep his job, José must be evaluated by an outpatient professional, specializing in addictions. For José, seeing someone for help seems like a waste of time, not to mention embarrassing for him. He was taught to keep all his problems within his family, so talking about his problems to an outsider is very uncomfortable for him. José does not believe he has a drug problem or needs treatment. He is very angry that he is being forced to participate.

How might José’s perceptions of treatment impact the helping process? How might a helping professional today approach José to address his perceptions? As you begin your journey as a helping professional working in addictions, it is important to understand the perceptions individuals or clients have about treatment.

This week, you consider treatment models and different drug categories.

Learning Objectives

Students will:

· Analyze the progression of addiction treatment models

· Analyze the influence of historical events on perceptions of addiction

· Analyze the influence of historical events on the role of addiction treatment

· Compare different drug categories

Learning Resources

Required Readings

Capuzzi, D., & Stauffer, M. D. (2016). Foundations of addictions counseling (3rd ed.). New York, NY: Pearson Education, Inc.

· Chapter 1, “History and Etiological Models of Addiction” (pp. 1–17)

Berridge, V. (2015). History and its contribution to understanding addiction and society. Addiction, 110, 23-26.

Courtwright, D. T. (2012). Addiction and the science of history. Addiction, 107(3), 486–492.

Frank, L. E., & Nagel, S. K. (2017). Addiction and moralization: the role of the underlying model of addiction. Neuroethics, 10(1), 129-139.

Haldipur, C. V. (2018). Addiction: A brief history of an idea. Psychological Medicine, 48(8), 1395-1396.

Tallaksen, A. (2017). The narcotic clinic in New Orleans, 1919–21. Addiction, 112(9), 1680-1685.

Required Media

Laureate Education (Producer). (2012e). Timeline of addiction [Multimedia file]. Retrieved from https://class.waldenu.edu

Discussion: The Evolution of Addiction Models

There are differences on how addiction is seen from a moral failing, with people suffering from addiction shunned for their weakness to addiction being considered a disease that can be treated.

Addiction work incorporates several models for understanding addiction and addictive behavior. Addiction models not only attempt to explain the causes and behaviors of addiction, but they are also used as a basis for treatment. To understand the current approach of addiction treatment, it is essential to study the various historical models of addiction, as each has influenced the understanding and treatment of addiction today. It is also imperative to distinguish between different types of addiction because they may be best described by different models. For example, chemical dependence is a type of indigestive addiction of alcohol or drugs, whereas a process or behavioral addiction is considered a behavioral pattern such as gambling addiction (Capuzzi & Stauffer, 2016).

For this Discussion, you consider how the definitions, perceptions, and treatment of addiction have evolved.

To Prepare:

Go to the Walden Library and locate at least two recent articles discussing the current view of addictions.

Provide a Discussion Post which contains the following content, topics, and headings:

· A comparison between two models from the text that explain how addiction treatment has been viewed.

· Briefly explain the articles you located on current conceptualizations of addiction and identify if there are similarities from the models you found in your additional research.

· Explain how these models have influenced perceptions of and treatment for addiction.